Presentation on theme: "“The Lottery”p.251 By Shirley Jackson 1916-1965 "The Lottery""— Presentation transcript:
1 “The Lottery”p.251ByShirley Jackson"The Lottery"
2 Shirley Jackson http://www. courses. vcu. edu/ENG-jkh/ http://www Born in San FranciscoDied at age 48Published short stories in many magazinesMother of 4 and faculty wifePeak of her writing career occurred inBennington, VT"The Lottery"
3 Person against social environment Types of ConflictPlotPerson against personPerson against social environment"The Lottery"
4 Tone and Movement of Plot Exposition:Very little conflictHoliday picnic atmosphereComplication:Mrs. Hutchinson is late.Gradually builds to horrifying conclusionClimax:We discover the true nature of the lottery.Contrast contributes to horror.DenoumentWhat is it?"The Lottery"
5 Irony and TensionThese are derived from the discrepancy between the friendliness and good will of the community and the cruelty and meaninglessness of the practice they perpetuate"The Lottery"
6 Setting: Effectiveness Small townCould be anywhere (small town, USA)No specific locale or year givenWidespread attitudes - anywhere, any era"The Lottery"
7 Flat Characters: Mr. Sommers Mrs. Hutchinson Characterization Represents civic dutyReasonably progressiveBUT - doesn’t question the ritual itselfA man of ignorant good willMrs. HutchinsonSelf-centeredAccepts lottery without concern until it falls on herProtests it is unfairWould eagerly shift her fate elsewhere—even upon her own daughter"The Lottery"
8 Stock Characters: Mr. & Mrs. Adams Liberals At least question the necessity of lotteryDo nothing to protest against it or change itOld Man WarnerBigoted reactionaryContempuous of younger generation"The Lottery"
9 PROTAGONIST= the villagers ANTAGONIST= the villagers’ own blind acceptance of tradition"The Lottery"
10 Title Point of View Does it contribute to the theme? Objective Allows for a gradual realization“Matter-of-course” view adds to the horrorTitle and Pt. of View"The Lottery"
11 SymbolismThe Lottery: An Open-Ended Symbol for Unquestioned Social PracticesSocial segregationClass distinctionsRacial prejudiceReligious prejudiceWarThe DraftOther ideas?"The Lottery"
12 More Symbols The black box Slips of paper Other Symbols? Symbolizes the determination to cling stubbornly to certain relics that are preservableSlips of paperSymbolize the illogical willingness to be flexible about aspects of the ritual that are not preservableOther Symbols?"The Lottery"
13 TRADITIONS Not a direct attack on traditions ThemeNot a direct attack on traditionsThrust of story is against the unquestioning acceptance of cruel or irrational traditions or social systems"The Lottery"
14 THEMEEssentially decent and kind people may perform cruel, irrational actions through the unquestioning acceptance of traditions and customs that have lost their original meaning."The Lottery"