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ELEMENTS OF THE SHORT STORY ELEMENTS OF THE SHORT STORY.

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Presentation on theme: "ELEMENTS OF THE SHORT STORY ELEMENTS OF THE SHORT STORY."— Presentation transcript:

1 ELEMENTS OF THE SHORT STORY ELEMENTS OF THE SHORT STORY

2 1. Plot the series of related events in a literary work

3 Plot Chart

4 Plot Chart Definitions Exposition: The beginning of a story. Characters are introduced. We learn the setting and are introduced to the main conflict (main problem). Exposition: The beginning of a story. Characters are introduced. We learn the setting and are introduced to the main conflict (main problem). Rising Action: The building of interest or suspense occurs. Rising Action: The building of interest or suspense occurs. Climax: The peak or turning point of the story. Usually the main character comes face-to-face with a conflict. Climax: The peak or turning point of the story. Usually the main character comes face-to-face with a conflict. Falling Action: All loose ends of the plot are tied up. Leads to the resolution. Falling Action: All loose ends of the plot are tied up. Leads to the resolution. Resolution: The conflict is ended and the story ends. Resolution: The conflict is ended and the story ends.

5 2. Setting the literal time (when), place (where), and atmosphere of a literary work May include the historical era, physical location, time, season, scenery, culture, etc.

6 3. Character the people or animals that who participate in the action (plot)

7 Characterization the methods used by the author to acquaint the reader with the characters in a literary work and to make the character seem more realistic

8 Methods of Characterization  Direct characterization: Tells about a character. Narrator reveals details about the physical appearance, age or personality of the character  Ex: Bobby is a student and a basketball player.  Indirect characterization: Shows about a character. The author reveals the character’s own word, actions and thoughts  Ex: Bobby works hard writing papers each night and plays hard on the court.

9 Types of Characters  Protagonist: Main character in the story- usually hero type  Antagonist: Person or force against protagonist  Static: character that does not change  Dynamic: character experiences epiphany, changes  Flat: simple characteristics, not deep  Round: complex characteristics, deep

10 4. Theme  The message or central idea conveyed by a story  May be stated directly or implied

11 5. Conflict The tension created between two or more characters. The height of tension is called the climax (greatest intensity)

12 TYPES OF CONFLICT Man versus Self (internal) Self (internal) Man (external) Man (external) Nature Nature Supernatural Supernatural Society Society


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