4 Plot Chart Definitions Exposition: The beginning of a story. Characters are introduced. We learn the setting and are introduced to the main conflict (main problem).Rising Action: The building of interest or suspense occurs.Climax: The peak or turning point of the story. Usually the main character comes face-to-face with a conflict.Falling Action: All loose ends of the plot are tied up. Leads to the resolution.Resolution: The conflict is ended and the story ends.
5 2. Settingthe literal time (when), place (where), and atmosphere of a literary workMay include the historical era, physical location, time, season, scenery, culture, etc.
6 3. Characterthe people or animals that who participate in the action (plot)
7 Characterizationthe methods used by the author to acquaint the reader with the characters in a literary work and to make the character seem more realistic
8 Methods of Characterization Direct characterization: Tells about a character. Narrator reveals details about the physical appearance, age or personality of the characterEx: Bobby is a student and a basketball player.Indirect characterization: Shows about a character. The author reveals the character’s own word, actions and thoughtsEx: Bobby works hard writing papers each night and plays hard on the court.
9 Types of CharactersProtagonist: Main character in the story- usually hero typeAntagonist: Person or force against protagonistStatic: character that does not changeDynamic: character experiences epiphany, changesFlat: simple characteristics, not deepRound: complex characteristics, deep
10 4. Theme The message or central idea conveyed by a story May be stated directly or implied
11 5. ConflictThe tension created between two or more characters.The height of tension is called the climax (greatest intensity)
12 TYPES OF CONFLICT Man versus Self (internal) Man (external) Nature SupernaturalSociety
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