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SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 1 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping.

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Presentation on theme: "SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 1 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping."— Presentation transcript:

1 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 1 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping

2 Slide 2 Structure of Presentation  Human rights and conflict  Definition of human rights  Legal basis for human rights  Examples of human rights  International humanitarian law  Human rights violations  Applying human rights in peace operations  “Scenario on the Use of Force and Firearms”  Human rights and conflict  Definition of human rights  Legal basis for human rights  Examples of human rights  International humanitarian law  Human rights violations  Applying human rights in peace operations  “Scenario on the Use of Force and Firearms”

3 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 3  Protect host country population  Build confidence and defuse tensions  Prevent future conflicts  Increase the effectiveness of peace operations  Protect host country population  Build confidence and defuse tensions  Prevent future conflicts  Increase the effectiveness of peace operations Protecting human rights and preventing violations is important to

4 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 4  Are legal entitlements  Protect both individuals and groups  Uphold respect for human dignity  Are modern norms but an ancient principle  Are legal entitlements  Protect both individuals and groups  Uphold respect for human dignity  Are modern norms but an ancient principle Human rights

5 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 5  Universal  Internationally guaranteed  Legally protected  Protect individuals and groups  Cannot be taken away  Equal and indivisible  Oblige States and State actors  Universal  Internationally guaranteed  Legally protected  Protect individuals and groups  Cannot be taken away  Equal and indivisible  Oblige States and State actors Human rights are:

6 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 6  Promotion of and respect for human rights for all is a purpose of the Organization  Establishes legal obligations for Member States to take action to achieve respect for human rights  Promotion of and respect for human rights for all is a purpose of the Organization  Establishes legal obligations for Member States to take action to achieve respect for human rights United Nations Charter (1945)

7 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 7 Treaties, conventions, covenants, declarations  Define human rights  Specify obligations of States  Create mechanisms to implement and monitor  Define human rights  Specify obligations of States  Create mechanisms to implement and monitor

8 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 8 International Bill of Human Rights  Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)  International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights  International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights  Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)  International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights  International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

9 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 9  Civil and political rights (right to life, liberty, equality before the law, freedom of thought and religion)  Economic, social and cultural rights (right to food, housing, education)  Civil and political rights (right to life, liberty, equality before the law, freedom of thought and religion)  Economic, social and cultural rights (right to food, housing, education)

10 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 10 Human rights treaties on  Elimination of racial discrimination  Elimination of discrimination against women  Prohibition of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment  Rights of the child  Rights of migrant workers  Elimination of racial discrimination  Elimination of discrimination against women  Prohibition of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment  Rights of the child  Rights of migrant workers

11 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 11  Are obligated to protect human rights  Often party to specific human rights treaties and have accepted obligations  Peace agreements usually incorporate human rights obligations for the Parties  Are obligated to protect human rights  Often party to specific human rights treaties and have accepted obligations  Peace agreements usually incorporate human rights obligations for the Parties Human rights and countries hosting peace operations

12 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 12  Life  Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment  Not be held in slavery  Freedom of thought, conscience and religion  Life  Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment  Not be held in slavery  Freedom of thought, conscience and religion The human right to

13 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 13  Fair trial  Freedom from arbitrary arrest, detention  Freedom of movement  Privacy  Fair trial  Freedom from arbitrary arrest, detention  Freedom of movement  Privacy The human right to

14 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 14  Housing  Freedom of expression  Education  Peaceful assembly, association  Housing  Freedom of expression  Education  Peaceful assembly, association The human right to

15 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 15  Specified in human rights treaties  Determined by law  Rights of others or the general public must be protected  Proportional to the objectives pursued  Specified in human rights treaties  Determined by law  Rights of others or the general public must be protected  Proportional to the objectives pursued Some rights may be limited, but only when

16 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 16 Derogations  Some rights may be derogated, temporarily suspended, under very strict and specific conditions, in situations of emergency

17 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 17 International humanitarian law  Regulates the conduct of hostilities  Protects civilian population, victims of conflicts and non-combatants  Regulates the conduct of hostilities  Protects civilian population, victims of conflicts and non-combatants

18 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 18 International humanitarian law  Applies in all situations of armed conflict  Safeguards principles of humanity in all situations  Respects and protects non- combatants, wounded, sick, shipwrecked, prisoners and civilians  Applies in all situations of armed conflict  Safeguards principles of humanity in all situations  Respects and protects non- combatants, wounded, sick, shipwrecked, prisoners and civilians

19 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 19 International humanitarian law, key principles  Assist and care for all persons suffering from the effects of conflict without discrimination  Ensure their access at all times to a protecting Power or an impartial humanitarian organization  Assist and care for all persons suffering from the effects of conflict without discrimination  Ensure their access at all times to a protecting Power or an impartial humanitarian organization

20 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 20  Murder  Torture  Corporal punishment  Mutilation  Outrages on personal dignity  Hostage-taking  Collective punishment  Executions without regular trial  Cruel and degrading treatment  Murder  Torture  Corporal punishment  Mutilation  Outrages on personal dignity  Hostage-taking  Collective punishment  Executions without regular trial  Cruel and degrading treatment Prohibited in all circumstances are

21 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 21  The wounded, sick and shipwrecked  Medical personnel and services  Prisoners of war  Civilians  Civilian and cultural objects  Natural environment  The wounded, sick and shipwrecked  Medical personnel and services  Prisoners of war  Civilians  Civilian and cultural objects  Natural environment Prohibited in all circumstances are reprisals against

22 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 22  Summary executions  Torture  Arbitrary arrest, detention  Discrimination  Violence against women  Genocide  War crimes  Summary executions  Torture  Arbitrary arrest, detention  Discrimination  Violence against women  Genocide  War crimes Human rights violations

23 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 23 Crimes against humanity  Murder  Extermination  Enslavement  Torture  Deportation, forcible transfer  Rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution or sterilization, forced pregnancy  Imprisonment, other deprivation of physical liberty  Persecution of any group  Enforced disappearance  Apartheid  Murder  Extermination  Enslavement  Torture  Deportation, forcible transfer  Rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution or sterilization, forced pregnancy  Imprisonment, other deprivation of physical liberty  Persecution of any group  Enforced disappearance  Apartheid

24 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 24 Groups requiring special attention  Women  Children  Old people  Refugees  IDPs  Persons with disabilities  Women  Children  Old people  Refugees  IDPs  Persons with disabilities

25 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 25  Human rights as a common standard of conduct and achievement  Peace operations must be conducted with full respect for principles, norms, spirit of human rights conventions  United Nations personnel and host Government must respect human rights principles and norms  Human rights as a common standard of conduct and achievement  Peace operations must be conducted with full respect for principles, norms, spirit of human rights conventions  United Nations personnel and host Government must respect human rights principles and norms Human rights in peacekeeping

26 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 26  Monitor and investigate human rights violations  Report on violations  Conduct advocacy and interventions  Human rights capacity-building  Engage with humanitarian and development partners  Support peace process and transitional justice  Conduct in-mission training and sensitization on human rights issues  Provide technical assistance and advice to other components  Monitor and investigate human rights violations  Report on violations  Conduct advocacy and interventions  Human rights capacity-building  Engage with humanitarian and development partners  Support peace process and transitional justice  Conduct in-mission training and sensitization on human rights issues  Provide technical assistance and advice to other components Human rights components:

27 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 27  Human rights units/components  Military peacekeepers  UN police  Other civilian components/units  Human rights units/components  Military peacekeepers  UN police  Other civilian components/units Human rights roles in peace operations

28 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 28 Human rights roles for military  Protection of civilian population  Wide operational presence, detailed knowledge of area, movements  Monitoring and reporting of violations  Deterrent effect through visible presence  Armed capacity to stop abuses  Positive example through their conduct  Protection of civilian population  Wide operational presence, detailed knowledge of area, movements  Monitoring and reporting of violations  Deterrent effect through visible presence  Armed capacity to stop abuses  Positive example through their conduct

29 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 29 United Nations police roles  Monitoring and mentoring national police  Training and advising new national police forces  Investigating and reporting  Law enforcement  Monitoring and mentoring national police  Training and advising new national police forces  Investigating and reporting  Law enforcement

30 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 30 Civilian components with human rights roles  Civil affairs  Electoral assistance  DDR  Public information  Civil affairs  Electoral assistance  DDR  Public information

31 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 31 If human rights violations are observed  Note the facts  Take action in accordance with mandate, functions and situation  Immediately report the violations  Coordination with human rights components  Follow the situation  Note the facts  Take action in accordance with mandate, functions and situation  Immediately report the violations  Coordination with human rights components  Follow the situation

32 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 32 When using force  First try non-violent means  Use force only if necessary to pursue lawful objectives  Use only minimum force needed  Always apply force in proportion to objectives  Exercise restraint and minimize damage and injury  Provide medical aid to the injured  First try non-violent means  Use force only if necessary to pursue lawful objectives  Use only minimum force needed  Always apply force in proportion to objectives  Exercise restraint and minimize damage and injury  Provide medical aid to the injured

33 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 33 In summary  Be familiar with human rights concepts  Understanding human rights is necessary to performing your functions effectively  Respect human rights at all times  Protecting and respecting human rights helps maintain credibility and legitimacy of United Nations  Be familiar with human rights concepts  Understanding human rights is necessary to performing your functions effectively  Respect human rights at all times  Protecting and respecting human rights helps maintain credibility and legitimacy of United Nations

34 SGTM 8: Human Rights in Peacekeeping Slide 34  “Be visibly present on the ground with the attitude and determination to deter abuses of human rights” Peacekeeper’s Motto


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