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Adject ives. ADJECTIVES An adjective is usually used before a noun. noun. It is a word that adds something to the meaning of a noun, that is, it tells.

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Presentation on theme: "Adject ives. ADJECTIVES An adjective is usually used before a noun. noun. It is a word that adds something to the meaning of a noun, that is, it tells."— Presentation transcript:

1 Adject ives

2 ADJECTIVES An adjective is usually used before a noun. noun. It is a word that adds something to the meaning of a noun, that is, it tells us meaning of a noun, that is, it tells us something more about the noun. something more about the noun.

3 Proper adjectives describe to us a noun using a proper name. Proper adjectives describe to us a noun using a proper name. Example : Example : a) Hong Ling is a Chinese student. a) Hong Ling is a Chinese student. b) Sheikh Ridhuan is a Muslim pilgrim. b) Sheikh Ridhuan is a Muslim pilgrim. c) Arumugan is an Indian name. c) Arumugan is an Indian name. Types of Adjectives

4 Adjectives of quality or descriptive adjectives which shows “what kind” or explain further about the situation. Adjectives of quality or descriptive adjectives which shows “what kind” or explain further about the situation. Examples : Examples : a) The clear blue sky is a welcome sight after a) The clear blue sky is a welcome sight after experiencing the haze. experiencing the haze. b) The rainy season is very wet. b) The rainy season is very wet. c) The green grass of the field is a refreshing sight. c) The green grass of the field is a refreshing sight. Types of Adjectives

5 Adjectives of quality tells us how many or how much. Adjectives of quality tells us how many or how much. Examples : Examples : a) Definite – half an hour, two languages, third runner, first prize, etc. a) Definite – half an hour, two languages, third runner, first prize, etc. b) Indefinite – some time, a few things, all of them, a lot of friends, etc. b) Indefinite – some time, a few things, all of them, a lot of friends, etc. Types of Adjectives

6 Possessive adjectives show possession or ownership. Possessive adjectives show possession or ownership. Examples : Examples : a) I put up my house for sale. a) I put up my house for sale. b) Our school computer was stolen last week. b) Our school computer was stolen last week. c) The cat is feeding its kittens. c) The cat is feeding its kittens. d) She ties up her hair with a blue ribbon. d) She ties up her hair with a blue ribbon. Types of Adjectives

7 Distributive adjectives show that the persons / things shown by the noun are taken singly (one by one) or in separate lots. Distributive adjectives show that the persons / things shown by the noun are taken singly (one by one) or in separate lots. Examples : Examples : a) One of the pupils must have taken the pen. a) One of the pupils must have taken the pen. b) Either you or I have to fetch him from school. b) Either you or I have to fetch him from school. c) Each boy must bring his own bag. c) Each boy must bring his own bag. d) Neither one of the answers is correct. d) Neither one of the answers is correct. Types of Adjectives

8 Interrogative adjectives are in question forms. Interrogative adjectives are in question forms. Examples : Examples : a) Which car knocked the boy down ? a) Which car knocked the boy down ? b) What time is it ? b) What time is it ? c) When did he get married ? c) When did he get married ? d) How many medals did she win ? d) How many medals did she win ? Types of Adjectives

9 There are three degrees of comparison, namely : ) the positive a) the positive b) the comparative b) the comparative c) the superlative c) the superlative Comparison of Adjectives

10 The positive is used when speaking of or describing an object. The positive is used when speaking of or describing an object. Examples : Examples : thin, sad, fair, chubby, fat, etc. thin, sad, fair, chubby, fat, etc. Sentence study : Sentence study : a) Sandra is a sweet looking girl. a) Sandra is a sweet looking girl. b) Ganesh is as clever as Ravi. b) Ganesh is as clever as Ravi. c) My father is as tall as yours. c) My father is as tall as yours. The Positive

11 The comparative is used when comparing two objects and is formed by adding ‘er’ to the positive. The comparative is used when comparing two objects and is formed by adding ‘er’ to the positive. Examples : Examples : thin > thinner, fair > fairer, etc. thin > thinner, fair > fairer, etc. Sentence study : Sentence study : A) Evelyn is sweeter looking than Catherine. A) Evelyn is sweeter looking than Catherine. B) The class monitor is cleverer than Mano. B) The class monitor is cleverer than Mano. C) My teacher is taller than your father. C) My teacher is taller than your father. The Comparative

12 The superlative is used when speaking of more than two objects and is formed by adding ‘est’ to the positive. The superlative is used when speaking of more than two objects and is formed by adding ‘est’ to the positive. Examples : Examples : Thin > Thinnest, Fair > Fairest, etc. Thin > Thinnest, Fair > Fairest, etc. Sentence Study : Sentence Study : a) Amanda is the sweetest looking girl. a) Amanda is the sweetest looking girl. b) The head boy is the cleverest of the boys. b) The head boy is the cleverest of the boys. c) My class teacher is the tallest of the men. c) My class teacher is the tallest of the men. The Superlative

13 1) To show a lower degree in the comparison the words less and least can be used. The Characteristic of Adjectives PositiveComparativeSuperlative curious curious less curious less curious least curious least curious

14 2) Some adjectives cannot show degree of comparison because the word denotes an ultimate height. So with these words the qualifying word nearly can be useful. 2) Some adjectives cannot show degree of comparison because the word denotes an ultimate height. So with these words the qualifying word nearly can be useful. The Characteristic of Adjectives PositiveComparativeSuperlativeperfect nearly perfect most nearly perfect unique nearly unique most nearly unique universal nearly universal most nearly universal

15 3) There are a few adjectives which inflect for degree of comparison irregularly. The most commonly used irregular adjectives are the following : 3) There are a few adjectives which inflect for degree of comparison irregularly. The most commonly used irregular adjectives are the following : The Characteristic of Adjectives PositiveComparativeSuperlativegoodbetterbest badworseworst a little lessleast many/muchmoremost farfarther/furtherfarthest/furthest oldolderoldest


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