2An adjective is usually used before a noun. ADJECTIVESAn adjective is usually used before anoun.It is a word that adds something to themeaning of a noun, that is, it tells ussomething more about the noun.
3Types of AdjectivesProper adjectives describe to us a noun using a proper name.Example :a) Hong Ling is a Chinese student.b) Sheikh Ridhuan is a Muslim pilgrim.c) Arumugan is an Indian name.
4Types of AdjectivesAdjectives of quality or descriptive adjectives which shows “what kind” or explain further about the situation.Examples :a) The clear blue sky is a welcome sight afterexperiencing the haze.b) The rainy season is very wet.c) The green grass of the field is a refreshing sight.
5Types of AdjectivesAdjectives of quality tells us how many or how much.Examples :a) Definite – half an hour , two languages, third runner , first prize , etc.b) Indefinite – some time , a few things , all of them , a lot of friends , etc.
6Types of AdjectivesPossessive adjectives show possession or ownership.Examples :a) I put up my house for sale.b) Our school computer was stolen last week.c) The cat is feeding its kittens.d) She ties up her hair with a blue ribbon.
7Types of AdjectivesDistributive adjectives show that the persons / things shown by the noun are taken singly (one by one) or in separate lots.Examples :a) One of the pupils must have taken the pen.b) Either you or I have to fetch him from school.c) Each boy must bring his own bag.d) Neither one of the answers is correct.
8Types of Adjectives Interrogative adjectives are in question forms. Examples :a) Which car knocked the boy down ?b) What time is it ?c) When did he get married ?d) How many medals did she win ?
9Comparison of Adjectives There are three degrees of comparison,namely :a) the positiveb) the comparativec) the superlative
10The PositiveThe positive is used when speaking of or describing an object.Examples :thin , sad , fair , chubby , fat , etc.Sentence study :a) Sandra is a sweet looking girl.b) Ganesh is as clever as Ravi.c) My father is as tall as yours.
11The ComparativeThe comparative is used when comparing two objects and is formed by adding ‘er’ to the positive.Examples :thin > thinner , fair > fairer , etc.Sentence study :A) Evelyn is sweeter looking than Catherine.B) The class monitor is cleverer than Mano.C) My teacher is taller than your father.
12The SuperlativeThe superlative is used when speaking of more than two objects and is formed by adding ‘est’ to the positive.Examples :Thin > Thinnest , Fair > Fairest , etc.Sentence Study :a) Amanda is the sweetest looking girl.b) The head boy is the cleverest of the boys.c) My class teacher is the tallest of the men.
13The Characteristic of Adjectives 1) To show a lower degree in the comparison the words less and least can be used.PositiveComparativeSuperlativecuriousless curiousleast curious
14The Characteristic of Adjectives 2) Some adjectives cannot show degree of comparison because the word denotes an ultimate height. So with these words the qualifying word nearly can be useful.PositiveComparativeSuperlativeperfectnearly perfectmost nearly perfectuniquenearly uniquemost nearly uniqueuniversalnearly universalmost nearly universal
15The Characteristic of Adjectives 3) There are a few adjectives which inflect for degree of comparison irregularly. The most commonly used irregular adjectives are the following :PositiveComparativeSuperlativegoodbetterbestbadworseworsta littlelessleastmany/muchmoremostfarfarther/furtherfarthest/furthestoldolderoldest