Presentation on theme: "Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases"— Presentation transcript:
1 Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases Grammar Lessons ContinuedLecture Notes
2 PrepositionsA preposition is a word that expresses a relationship between some words in a sentence, usually in regard to time (when) or space (where).Prepositions act similarly to an adverb (an adverb modifies verbs, adjectives and other adverbs) –they answer the questions where?, when?, how? and to what extent? about the words they modifyCommon PrepositionsAbout, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, as, as before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between , beyond, but, by, concerning, despite, down, during, except, for, from, in, into, like, near, next, of, off, on, onto, out, outside, over, past, since, through, throughout, to, toward, under, underneath, unlike, until, under, up, upon, with, within, without
3 Prepositional Phrases In order for a word to be considered a preposition, it must be part of a prepositional phrase – a prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun.The noun or pronoun at the end is called the object of the preposition.Examples:Across the streetAcross = PrepositionStreet = Object of the PrepositionAcross the street = Prepositional PhraseOver the topBeyond her comprehensionAround the corner
4 Prepositional Phrases A preposition must always be a part of a prepositional phrase and must be the first word in the phrase.If it does not begin the phrase, it is an adverb. For example: underneathI lifted the log carefully, looked underneath, and saw a centipede. – Adverb or Prepositional Phrase?Sally found her mother’s slippers underneath the bed. – Adverb or Prepositional Phrase?