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An X-Band Low Noise InP-HBT VCO

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Presentation on theme: "An X-Band Low Noise InP-HBT VCO"— Presentation transcript:

1 An X-Band Low Noise InP-HBT VCO
with Separate Optimized Varactor Layers T. Magrisso (1) D. Elad (1) N. Buadana (1) S. Kraus (2) D. Cohen Elias (2) A. Gavrilov (2) S. Cohen (2) D. Ritter (2) (1) RAFAEL, Armament Development Authority Ltd., Microelectronic Directorate (2) Department of Electrical Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology

2 InP Based VCOs Record frequencies
Optoelectronic integration: Optoelectronic Oscillitor, Clock recovery, etc..

3 Previous work on InP HBT circuits at Technion:
43 GHz integrated TWA photoreceiver 75 GHz TWA

4 Varactors in InP HBT VCOs
Previous InP HBT VCOs used base collector layers as varactor layers. Optimized HBT requires fully depleted collector at Vbc=0, for minimum VCO’s phase noise. As a results, small tuning range is obtained

5 Conventional InP HBT technology
10um 1um P N N+ InP N Emitter N P Ga InAs P Base N Ga InAs N Collector N+ Ga InAs N Sub-Collector InP Semi-insulating Substrate

6 Separate varactor layers
Varactors and HBTs can be separately optimized. Varactor layers can be grown either above or underneath the transistor layers. Varactor layers underneath transistor layers complicate interconnect. Varactor layers above transistor layers require stepper technology.

7 InP HBT technology with Separate Varactor Layers
InP N Emitter N Ga InAs P Base InP N Collector N+ InP N Sub-Collector P N Ga InAs P Base InP N Varactor N N+ InP N Varactor Connect InP Semi-insulating Substrate

8 This Work Carried out by contact lithography-varactor layers
underneath transistor layers. Wide tuning range Colpitts X band VCO demonstrated as first attempt. Simplified VBIC transistor model predicts well VCO’s performance.

9 Transistor Properties
Ft=180 GHz Fmax=200GHz Vturn-on=0.5V Vce-breakdown=5V Ic max (Vce=3v)=30mA βAC=50

10 Transistor Modeling DC Measurements and s-parameters
Small-signal equivalent circuit parameters extraction. Degenerate VBIC model with 18 parameters only

11 VBIC large signal model

12 VBIC model parameters extracted at specific bias,
Does it work for large signal VCO modeling ?

13 Varactor Design & Modeling
We have compared 2 types of varactors: Base-Collector layers. Separate layers with Nd=1017 cm-3.

14 Varactor Modeling Different size varactors, for scaleable model extraction. Semi-lumped model Rectangular varactors achieving 1 ohm series resistance.

15 Varactor modeling Using simple model with text book equations.

16 VCO schematics – Colpitts configuration

17 Full EM Simulation

18 Testing VCO

19 Comparison between Measurement and
Simulation with degenerate VBIC model

20 Measured phase noise

21 Phase Noise Simulation
Phase noise parameters extraction for VBIC model Kfn=1E-12 Afn=1

22 Conclusions InP HBT X band VCO with separate varactor layers
underneath transistor layers achieved tuning range of 12% and phase noise of -94dB/Hz at 100KHz. Future work: VCO layers on top of transistor layers for higher frequencies, and optoelectronic applications. .

23 Acknowledgement We would like to thank …..
Dr. David Rosenfeld for supporting the project. Rafael Microelectronic Direcrotate Design groupe and Testing House. Technion Russell Berrie Nanotechnology Institute. Liron Arazi and Kochavi Shemuel for design and testing assistance. Dr. Asher Madjar.

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