3Objectives:How did the aftermath of World War I contribute to political problems in Europe?How did the problems facing Europe in the postwar years lead to the rise of totalitarian leaders?What events exemplify the growing use of military force by totalitarian regimes in the 1930s?What alarming actions did Adolf Hitler take in the mid-1930s?
4Problems in Europe after WWI Millions deadFarms & cities ruinedEconomy in ruins
33Germany First concentration camps built, 1933 Goering founds GESTAPO, 1933the SS (Schutzstaffel) is formed, 1934Hitler becomes Der Fuherer, 1934Hermann Goering
34CONCENTRATION CAMPS 100 of these in Nazi-occupied Europe prisoners used for forced laborprisoners usually lasted less than 1/2 yearcommunists, homosexuals, criminals, social-democrats, artists.First camp was opened in 1933, right after Nazis came to power
37Objectives:How did Germany’s actions in 1939 trigger the start of World War II?Where did German forces turn after overrunning Poland in 1939?What developments increased tensions between the United States and Japan in East Asia?
38Germany Heinreich Himmler appointed chief of German police, 1936 1936—Hitler places troops in the Rhineland (area that borders France & Germany)GB & Fr do nothing to stop this
40Germany1938—Anschluss—Hitler attempts to unite Germans in Germany & AustriaAustrian gov’t objectsHitler forces his way into AustriaGB & Fr do nothing to stop this
41Germany1938--Hitler wants control of the Sudetenland (area of Czechoslovakia)Encourages Germans in Sudetenland to protest Czech. Gov’t.Munich Agreement--N. Chamberlain & other Allies allow Hitler to annex the Sudetenland (appeasement)Churchill is against appeasement
49Germany 1939--Hitler invades Poland Blitzkrieg German Jews sent to Poland, ghettos establishedAllies (GB & Fr) declare war on GermanyWait for Hitler to attack through the Maginot LineHitler attacks through the Ardennes Forrest
61Objectives:Why was a commitment to isolationism so widespread in the 1930s?How did Roosevelt balance American isolationism with the need to intervene in the war?What did the United States do to prepare for war in 1940 and 1941?What were the causes and effects of the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor?
62US Isolationism Amer. questioned reasons & cost of WWI Anti- League of Nations feelings1935—Neutrality ActProhibits sale of arms & loans to warring countries
83Objectives:How did the U.S. armed forces mobilize to fight World War II?What role did American industry and science play in mobilizing to fight World War II?How did mobilization challenge the nation’s ideals of freedom?