Presentation on theme: "THE RISE OF HITLER AND BEGINNINGS OF WAR SWBAT: EXPLAIN HOW HITLER WAS ABLE TO CONQUER EUROPE AT THE BEGINNING OF HIS QUEST FOR GLOBAL DOMINATION. HOMEWORK:"— Presentation transcript:
THE RISE OF HITLER AND BEGINNINGS OF WAR SWBAT: EXPLAIN HOW HITLER WAS ABLE TO CONQUER EUROPE AT THE BEGINNING OF HIS QUEST FOR GLOBAL DOMINATION. HOMEWORK: NONE DO NOW: GRAB A BOOK, OPEN TO PAGE 786 AND BEGIN WORKING ON THE TIMELINE.
THE BEGINNING OF ALLIANCES In October, 1936 Hitler and Mussolini meet and create the Rome-Berlin Axis and begin calling themselves the Axis Powers. Shortly after, Japan and Germany sign the Anti- Comintern Pact pledging to stop the spread of communism. Italy would join shortly after. By the end of 1936, the Axis Powers were united and hid their aggression under the pretense of fighting communism.
AUSTRIA FALLS November, 1937 Hitler met with his top military advisors and declared that he planned to absorb Austria into the Third Reich. Why Austria? A majority of Austria’s 6 million people identified themselves as German. Hitler used this as an excuse for annexation. This was a direct violation of the Treaty of Versailles which forbid the union of Germany and Austria. In March, 1938, German troops marched into Austria unopposed. The League of Nations, the U.S. and the rest of the world did nothing.
EFFECT OF ANNEXATION In addition to adding size to Germany, it also absorbed Austria’s resources. Strategically, Hitler controlled central Europe and now shared a border with its ally, Italy. And now Germany almost encircled Czechoslovakia. Hitler identified this area as his next target.
HITLER TURNS TO CZECHOSLOVAKIA Like Austria, there were many people living on the German/Czech border who identified themselves as German and many wanted a union with Germany. This area was called Sudetenland. Additionally mountains there provided a natural defense that could be heavily fortified. Germany Sudetenland
MUNICH CONFERENCE As tensions grew, Hitler held a meeting inviting the French premier Edouard Daladier and British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain to Munich. Hitler told them this would be his last demand. Eagar to avoid war, they both chose to believe him and signed the Munch Agreement which turned the Sudetenland over to Germany with no shots being fired. Why? Both feared Germany’s military strength. Neither was prepared for war… yet. This began the policy of appeasement: giving up principles to pacify an aggressor.
CZECHOSLOVAKIA FALLS At dawn on March 15, 1939, German troops poured into what remained of Czechoslovakia. By nightfall, Czechoslovakia ceased to exist.
STALIN SURPRISES THE WESTERN DEMOCRACIES Both Great Britain and Germany began negotiating with Stalin to join their side. Stalin decided that it would be most beneficial to join Hitler and signs the German-Soviet nonaggression pact stating that neither country would attack the other. Why? Everyone seems to want to buy time. The agreement: Divide up eastern Europe into spheres of influence. Germany would take western Poland, Russia would take eastern Poland. Having an ally to the east gave Hitler a huge advantage.
INVASION OF POLAND Using blitzkrieg (lightning war) tactics, Poland quickly fell. Utilized advances in military technology, such as fast tanks and powerful aircraft, to surprise and overwhelm the enemy. France and Great Britain declare war on Germany. Poland is divided in 2 with Germany receiving the western half and the Soviet Union receiving the eastern half. World War II had officially begun.
ACTIVITY- A LETTER TO ROOSEVELT One country we have not discussed yet is the U.S., who at this point is staying out of the war in Europe. Imagine you are Winston Churchill (Prime Minister of England as of 1940). Write a letter to Franklin Roosevelt explaining the events that are happening in Europe up to 1940 and finish by asking for his assistance in fighting Hitler. The letter should be a paragraph in length (6-8 sentences). Title the document “Letter to Roosevelt” and put it in your US I folder in your drive. If this is not finished in class, it is for homework.