3 The fall of Berlin and death of Hitler On your sheet put these events in order and identify what the pictures are30 April Then, Hitler commits suicide by shooting himself, but not before poisoning his new wife. His officers cremate his body, as ordered by Hitler himself. During his last days, Hitler began to rant about the Jews, blaming them for everything. He showed no sign of remorse.22 April Russia's Red Army enters Berlin from the east. This is the beginning of the Battle for and consequently fall of Berlin to the Allies.24 March The Allies cross the Rhine River.December 1944 – Feb 1945: The Battle of the Bulge, last major German offensive of WWII29 April Hitler marries Eva Braun in the early hours of the morning.7 May Karl Doenitz had been authorised by Hitler to control Germany. Doenitz agreed that Germany surrendered unconditionally. Germany had lost the war.
5 ChecklistMake a poster about what happened in Germany using your information packs, use this checklist to guide you to what is importantAllied invasion of Germanythe fall of Berlin and the death of Hitlerthe division of GermanyThe punishment of Germanyarrest and trial of Nazi leaders for war crimesthe Nuremberg trialsdenazification
6 The division of Germany The Treaty of Versailles had not managed to prevent Germany from going to war, so there was a need to think carefully about how to punish Germany this time. Germany was divided into sections, and Allied soldiers were put in place to keep order. East and West Prussia came under the control of Poland. Austria was separated from Germany and placed under the control of the four powers (USA, Britain, Russia and France). The division of Germany Austria was separated from Germany and placed under the control of the four powers (USA, Britain, Russia and France).
7 The punishment of Germany Nazi leaders arrested and tried for war crimes A total 21 of the senior leaders of the Nazi Party were tried in Nuremberg in 1945 and Nuremberg Trials Those who stood trial in Nuremberg include: Hermann Goering - Tried at the Nuremberg Trials and found guilty. He was sentenced to hanging, but committed suicide (poisoned himself) whilst waiting to be executed. Rudolf Hess - Was sentenced to life imprisonment for war crimes. Dr Robert Ley - Committed suicide during the Nuremberg Trials. Albert Speer - Was sentenced to 20 years in prison for crimes against peace and humanity. A total of 10 people were hanged. Their evidence indicated that they had 'obeyed authority'. Some senior Nazis died before the Nuremberg trials, including: Joseph Goebbels - Died with his wife and family in the bunker with Hitler in Berlin on 1 May Heinrich Himmler - Was arrested on 23 May 1945 (committed suicide). Reinhard Heydrich - Was killed in Prague in May Ernst Röhm - Was killed on the Night of the Long Knives.
8 Denazification The Nazi Party was made illegal Former Nazis were removed from positions of influenceMillions of school textbooks were destroyedTeachers were removed from their posts / retrainedA new curriculum was introducedThe Allies controlled the press, film and radioSpreading democratic ideas
9 Revision for next weeks knowledge test Germany During and after the War ( )• Initial war – Nazi successes – e.g. invasion of France and Poland – what were the Nazis aiming for – what did they want• Impact on Germany up to 1941 – why little impact – and use of propaganda• Operation Barbarossa – impact of invasion• Total war economy• Change in war – after 1942• Shortages, rationing and black market• Volkstrumm• Allied bombings of German cities• Battle of the Bulge• Fall of Berlin and Death of Hitler• Yalta and Potsdam conferences• Division of Germany• Nuremberg Trials and outcome – know some of the Nazis that were tried and what happened to them.This link is very good -