Rebecca Fuller BSc Applied Zoology email@example.com P.P.P.P…..Penguin Personality & Intelligence Do Humboldt Penguins (Spheniscus humboldti) exhibit any awareness of self? Humboldt Penguin (Fuller 2013) Moving Penguin (Clker 2011)
Humboldt Penguins most common captive species Vulnerable by IUCN Penguins Social Species Apes (Hominoidea), Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncates) Corvid family European Magpie (Pica pica) – Mirror Test King Penguins recognise each others vocals INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION Prior H, Schwarz A, Güntürkün O (2008) Mirror-Induced Behavior in the Magpie (Pica pica): Evidence of Self-Recognition. PLoS Biol 6(8) Aubin T, Jouventin P, Hildebrand C (2013) Penguins use the two-voice system to recognize each other. PLoS 267 Humboldt Penguin (Fuller 2013) (Surbound 2014) S.Humboldti Range
16 Humboldt Penguins at Newquay Zoo 8 Males 8 Females 3 Chicks First 3 days 5 mins of observation Photo ID - Spot Patterns PATCH EBONYICKLE PICKLE METHODMETHOD Humboldt Penguin (Fuller 2013)
METHODMETHOD The Vocalisation Test Mirror Test Vocalisation Ethogram Behaviour Definition Flight behaviour1No vocals, quickly moving away from sound Timid behaviour2No vocals, slowly moving away from sound Indifferent behaviour3No vocals, no reaction to sound Alert and inquisitive behaviour4Aware of sound and alertness towards it Interactive behaviour5Aware of sound and vocalisation response Mirror Test Ethogram Behaviour Definition Flight behaviour1Running away from the mirror Timid behaviour2Moving away from the mirror Indifferent behaviour3No reaction to mirror Alert and inquisitive behaviour4Looking at and approaching mirror Interactive behaviour5 Interacting with mirror (pecking, moving about it in front of mirror) Humboldt Penguin (Fuller 2013) Mirror (RAFT 2014)
RESULTSRESULTS Normality tests – Normal distribution Positive correlation (Weak)
Conclusion Response to own calls = Response to own reflection Bold in one test = Bold in another Rest of Project – Novel Item & Feeding Further studies – Mirror Mark test Other captive populations Other species of penguin Ickle Pickle (Trevenna 2013) Moving Penguin (Clker 2011)
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