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Developing with the JCR (JSR 170, JSR 283) Lennard Fuller JA-SIG Spring, 2008 © Copyright Unicon, Inc., 2006. This work is the intellectual property of.

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Presentation on theme: "Developing with the JCR (JSR 170, JSR 283) Lennard Fuller JA-SIG Spring, 2008 © Copyright Unicon, Inc., 2006. This work is the intellectual property of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Developing with the JCR (JSR 170, JSR 283) Lennard Fuller JA-SIG Spring, 2008 © Copyright Unicon, Inc., This work is the intellectual property of Unicon, Inc. Permission is granted for this material to be shared for non-commercial, educational purposes, provided that this copyright statement appears on the reproduced materials and notice is given that the copying is by permission of Unicon, Inc. To disseminate otherwise or to republish requires written permission from Unicon, Inc.

2 1.What isn’t JSR 170? 2.What is JSR 170? 3.JSR 170 in the CM space 4.JSR 170 in Detail 5.Tips for working with JCR 6.The Future: JSR Questions?

3 What isn’t JSR170?

4 JSR 170 is NOT A Java Content Repository. A competitor of Documentum or Filenet A competitor of ANY other Content Management System or Repository in existence. A Content Management Client An Enterprise Content Management API An API which defines repository administration

5 What is JSR 170?

6 JSR 170: Java Content Repository Java Community Process Led by Day Software Officially released June 17, 2005 “Content Repository API for Java” Two levels of compatibility with optional features

7 “ The API should be a standard, implementation independent, way to access content bi-directionally on a granular level within a content repository. “ JSR 170 Specification

8 Repository D Application D API D Repository C Application C API C Repository B Application B API B Repository A Application A API A Traditional Content Management

9 Repository D Application D Repository C Application C Repository B Application B Repository A Application A Using JSR 170 JSR 170 API

10 Application D Application C Application B Repository Application A Using JSR 170: Infrastructure JSR 170 API

11 Application D Application C Application B Repository Application A Using JSR 170: Infrastructure JSR 170 API

12 JSR 170 in the CM space

13 Software Evolution Volume Market Evolution OS Webservers Content Industry Standard NMH Heaven Infrastructure Pervasive Software RDBMS AppServers

14 Competing Standards?

15 1.ODMA and DMA 2.WebDAV 3.iECM

16 ODMA and DMA ODMA: standard for integration and interoperability of desktop applications with document management systems DMA: standard for the federation of document management systems which faced out to server islands Both ODMA and DMA were dissolved prior to 2000 Both are dissolved… no competition for JCR

17 WebDAV Currently managed by AIIM 1996 – First Working Group Meeting WebDAV is a standard for a protocol WebDAV is an extension of HTTP Adoption of this standard is widespread WebDAV is a protocol, not an API. It is NOT competing with JCR.

18 iECM AIIM managed Formed by largest vendors SOA for ECM No release date scheduled. “interoperable Enterprise Content Management”

19 Compliant Repositories *Many more registered with TCK 3 rd Party Connectors

20 JSR 170 Apps and Support for Apps Many, many, many more……

21 JSR 170 In Detail

22

23 Basic Repository Model A repository consists of one or more workspaces A workspace contains a tree of items An item is either a node or a property A property can only be a leaf nodes encapsulate the content structure The values of the properties is where the data is stored

24 JSR 170: Data Model

25 JSR 170: Level 1 Defines a read only repository Accessing Repository Reading Repository Content Transient namespace remapping Export Repository Content Search Repository Content (XPath) Discovery of NodeTypes

26 JSR 170: Level 2 Includes level 1 and adds ability to mutate Adding and removing nodes & properties Writing the values of properties Import from XML Assigning node types to nodes Persistent namespace changes

27 JSR 170: Optional Features ‘Optional’ features? Transactions Versioning Observation Locking SQL Search

28 Simple Authentication Session jcrSession = null; try { // varies from CR to CR… this is simple login jcrSession = jcrRepository.login(new SimpleCredentials("admin", "admin".toCharArray()));... } catch (RepositoryException ex) { throw convertJcrAccessException(ex); } finally { jcrSession.logout(); }

29 Create Node Session jcrSession = null; try {... // Get repository root node Node rootNode = jcrSession.getRootNode(); // Add new nodes node. // NOTE: until persisted new node’s UUID my be bogus! Node ferret = rootNode.addNode("ferret","zoo:animal"); ferret.setProperty (“zoo:animalName",“sparky"); Node exhibit = rootNode.addNode(“ferretExhibit","zoo:exhibit"); // persist jcrSession.save(); } catch (RepositoryException ex) { throw convertJcrAccessException(ex); } finally { jcrSession.logout(); }

30 Move Node try {... // ferrets are running wild!!!! Node rootNode = jcrSession.getRootNode(); // get ferret. Node ferret = rootNode.getNode("ferret"); Node exhibit = rootNode.getNode(“ferretExhibit"); // put furry one in exhibit jcrSession.move(ferret.getPath(), exhibit.getPath()+ "/"+ ferret.getName()); // persist jcrSession.save(); } catch (RepositoryException ex) { throw convertJcrAccessException(ex); } finally { jcrSession.logout(); }

31 Search and Remove try {... Workspace ws = jcrSession.getWorkspace(); QueryManager qm = ws.getQueryManager(); // find sparky! String queryString = Query q = qm.createQuery(queryString, Query.XPATHquery); Query Result qr = q.execute(); NodeIterator ni = qr.getNodes(); // NOTE: there could be more than one ferret named sparky! // remove all ferrets named sparky from the zoo. while (ni.hasNext()) { Node sparky = (Node) ni.next(); sparky.remove(); } jcrSession.save(); } catch (RepositoryException ex) { throw convertJcrAccessException(ex); } finally { jcrSession.logout(); }

32 JSR170 Repository A Application A JSR170 Repository B Application B JSR 170: Migration Export File outputFile = new File(“systemview.xml"); FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(outputFile); session.exportSystemView("/zoo:ferretExhibit", out, false, false); Import File inputFile = new File(“systemview.xml"); FileInputStream in = new FileInputStream(inputFile); session.importXML ("/", in, ImportUUIDBehavior.IMPORT_UUID_CREATE_NEW); session.save();

33 Tips For Working With JCR

34 What Should I Know? Select the best Deployment Model for your application and environment. Select the right Content Repository for your application and environment. –Schedule time to get to know your Content Repository Know your content, and design your tree structure carefully

35 Select the right Deployment Model

36 Application A Deployment: Model 1 J2EE Servlet Container JCR

37 Application A Deployment: Model 2 J2EE Servlet Container JCR Application B

38 Application A Deployment: Model 3 J2EE Servlet Container JCR Application B Stand Alone Application C Standalone Server Content Repository

39 A word on JCR Remoting NOT defined in JSR 170 specification. Currently two solutions exist –JCR-RMI existing jackrabbit implementation NOT performance friendly –REST style API Sling recently released

40 Select the right Content Repository

41 So you want to work with a JSR 170 Content Repository? Carefully consider your options. CR quality and features can vary greatly.

42 A Closer Look at Alfresco’s JSR 170 Alfresco Positives: –Excellent, full featured open source enterprise level CMS and WCM –Some level of JSR 170 support exists. Alfresco Issues: –Many key “optionals” not implemented. –JCR Query support not prod ready. –Remote access problemmatic.

43 Know your Content and Design Structure Carefully

44 Tips on Tree Design Know your content! Know how your selected CR treats your kinds of content First time designing tree structure for JCR? –Allow time to make mistakes –Prototype it to find mistakes Prefer deeper tree structures over wide tree structures Be certain JCR queries are NOT hardcoded.

45 The future: JSR 283

46 JSR 283: Java Content Repository 2.0 Java Community Process Led by Day Software Public draft completed Sept 10, 2007 TCK and RI slated for 2009 release. “Content Repository API for Java Version 2.0”

47 What is in JSR 283? Both JCR 1.0 XPath AND Sql Deprecated. JCR-SQL2 and JCR-JQOM query notations –Inner join required New Property Types i.e. –WeakReference –URI –Decimal

48 JSR 283: Optionals Versioning now has two optional varieties Simple and Full. Node Type Registration Activities Baselines Journaled Observations Right, Left and Full JCR-SQL2 joins supported Path supported in where clause Access control –Discovery –Policies –Entries Lifecycle Management Shareable nodes

49 Additional Noteworthy changes to JCR API New: javax.jcr.Binary RangeIterator.getNumberRemaining() Query.setLimit(int) Query.setOffset(int) … Deprecated: Node.getUUID() –use getIdentifier() instead NodeType.canRemoveItem(String) –Use NodeType.canRemoveNode(String) or NodeType.canRemoveProperty(String) –…

50 Summary What isn’t JSR 170? What is JSR 170? JSR 170 in the CM space JSR 170 in Detail Tips for working with JCR The Future: JSR 283

51 Resources jcr.site/index.html

52 Lennard Fuller Questions?


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