Presentation on theme: "Facial and body cosmetic massage"— Presentation transcript:
1Facial and body cosmetic massage Dr. Sintija Strautiņa- Strēle,Linda ZeltiņaCIDESCO International Riga School of CosmeticsNovember 24,2011
2MassageMassein (from Greek language) – to press with a hand, to knead.Massage is a measured mechanical effect to a patient’s/client’s body with a therapeutic, cosmetic and relaxing impact.
3HistoryMassage is one of the most ancient ways of treatment. Already for ages in various cultures it has been used for strengthening of human physical and mental health.The origins of the most ancient massage can be tracked in China in year 2698 b.c., there were medical schools and schools of gymnastics, where doctors gained the necessary knowledge of massageThe basics of contemporary massage were established by Peter Ling( ).
4Massage is performed with: handsfeetapparatuswaterspecial brushescoldstonesetc.
5Massage is having effect : Physiologically. Massage is having effect to a human body as a mechanic irritant.Psychologically. Major part of the clients perceive massage as a pleasant touch giving a sensual feeling of comfort and relaxation helping to appraise one’s body.
6Physiological effect of massage Humoral- mechanically and directly affecting the tissues a formation of histamine, acetilholine and other biologically active substances is favouredNeuro-reflective- mechanical irritation is perceived by the receptor apparatus in skin, muscles, tendons, cords and internal organs transforming the mechanical energy in a buck fever energy. Flow of impulses from afferent nerves reach the cerebral cortices and thereby induces reflector response reactions of the skin, muscles and internal organs.Mechanical- tissues are compressed and moved thereby inducing an acceleration of intercellular fluid, lymph flow and blood circulation.
7Completion of Client’s body analysis and assessment sheet Name, surnameDate of birthAddress, phone numberMedicine takenContraindication:Acute skin diseasesHigh or low blood-pressureVaricose veinsRecent operationPregnancyHeart diseasesEpilepsyDiabetesHaematomasSkin bruises
8Completion of Client’s body analysis and assessment sheet OccupationAssessment of muscle tonusPosture assessmentSkin conditionCellulitesFat depositsStretch marksWeight, length, body mass indexSelection of massage zone- massage performed at a particular area of the body or a massage for the whole bodyRecommendation for body treatment at home and at the beauty saloon
9Constitutional types of the body EctomorphMesomorphEndomorph
10CelulliteAesthetic, cosmetic defect that visually looks as an “orange peel”- a dimpled appearance of the skin.
11Localised areas of cellulite HipsButtocksThighsUpper armsAbdomen
12Stages of cellulite 1st stage Lymphostasis in subcutaneous adipose tissues. Skin is even, smooth without any changes in color. It takes longer time to heal hematomas and skin bruises. For diagnosing it is recommended to use thermographic films.
13Stages of cellulite 2nd stage Chronic lymph stasis, venous stasis. Alterations of skin relief. Dimples are more apparent at muscle tension. When touching, a lower skin temperature is observed.
14Stages of cellulite 3rd stage Chronic lymph stasis, venous stasis, a deteriorated microcirculation. Local to a diffuse fibrosis in the subcutaneous fat layer - micronodules, which can be palpated. Skin is dimpled and looks like an “orange peel”. Skin is cold by touch. When pressing on separate thickening areas, one has painful sensations.
15Stages of cellulite 4th stage Cellulite is apparant also at relaxed muscles. Micronodules are integrated in macronodules. Due to the microcirculatory disorders, the skin in the areas affected by cellulite is cold with a bluish tone. When pressing, one has painful feelings. Macronodules are also called as cellulite stones.
19Topographical anatomy of the back BonesMusclesBlood-vessels, lymph nodesNerves
20Topographical anatomy of the arm BonesMusclesBlood vessels, lymph nodesNerves
21Topographical anatomy of the pelvis and leg BonesMusclesBlood vessels, lymph nodesNerves
22Topographical anatomy of the abdomen MusclesBlood vessels, lymph nodesNervesInternal organs
23Topographical anatomy of the chest BonesMusclesBlood vessels, lymph nodesNervesInternal organs
24Effects of massageTo nervous system ( coordinates an integrated activity of all vital functions of the human body):Reduces activity of sympathetic nervous systemReduces fatigue, stress and increases the mental work abilitiesImproves the transmission of nerve impulse processes.Heart-blood vessel systems:Blood flows from the internal organs to skin and musclesExpand peripheral blood vesselsImprove blood supply to tissues and accelerate capillary blood circulationAffect the tissue trophicity processesFacilitate and accelerate venous blood circulationFacilitate heart work and improve blood supply to cardiac muscleReduce blood pressure and decelerate heart rate
25Effects of massage Lymphatic system: Speed of the lymph flow in largest lymphatic vessels is four mm/sec. Through the thoracic duct ( ductus thoracicus) all the lymph flows through only six times in twenty-four-hoursMassage empties cells from the end-products of metabolism, reduces lymph stasis and oedema.Muscle system:Affects the blood and lymph flow in musclesEnhances elimination of lactic acidRestores muscle capacity two to four times (the number of active capillaries increases in muscles). In1mm² of the cross- section of muscles there are opened and functioning 1400 of capillariesIncreases or reduces muscle toneMost effective are kneading techniques ( petrissage)
26Effects of massage Joint and ligament system: Increases elasticity and agility of ligamentsInfluences blood and lymph flow in bones and joints.Most effectively works with friction.Skin:Purifies the skin from dead horny cellsImproves blood supply to tissues, increases skin temperatureAffects the venous and lymph flow, decreases oedemasImproves skin and subcutaneous tissue trophicityEnhances the activity of sweat and sebaceous glands
27Effects of massage Respiratory system- Reduces the frequency of breathing,Increases the oxygen intake and the carbon dioxide elimination,Improves the blood and lymph flow in respiratory organs and musclesEnhances expectorationDigestive system-Improves small intestine peristalsis,Stimulates blood and lymph flow, thereby improving the absorption of nutrients.Increases secretion of bileInternal organs are most effectively affected by vibration techniques of massage.
28Effects of massage Urogenital system- Endocrine system- Increases the elaboration of urine, mineral salts, urea and uric acid.Endocrine system-Improves blood, lymph circulation, activates functional activity of internal secretion glands. Improves self-comfort.
29Requirements to cosmetician at performance of massage : Clothes: in a white color, with short sleeves, comfortable, neat, well ironedHands: manicured, without nail varnish, short nailsHair: clean, not falling onto eyes and face during the procedureMake-up: a light day make-upFootwear: light, comfortable, neat, on a low heal or without, not making noiseBijouterie: no bijouterie( also no wedding ring), an exception can be small earrings)Perfume: no perfume
31Necessary materials and conditions for performance of massage: CouchChairTowels of various sizesTowels for compresses/ glovesMovable tableSmall pallets of various sizesSkin disinfection liquidSkin cleansing lotions (body peeling)Massage creams and oilsBody masks, creams and lotionsDisposable pantiesAuxiliary materials- napkins, spatulas, etc..ClockTemperature at premises may not be lower than 20-22°C.Premises shall be painted in warm tones, filled with pleasant aroma and enjoyable music
33Preparation of the client for a massage Client’s analysis and assessment sheet shall be filled inClothes shall be taken off ( disposable panties)Bijouterie shall be taken offSelection of massage poseFor performance of the back massage , hair band shall be usedPlacement of the massage bolsters, depending of the chosen pose
34Placement of massage bolsters When lying on backMassage bolster is placed under the neck curve ( not obligatory)Placed under the knees – straighten out back/neck /waist, hips and knee joint are placed in a physiological positionWhen lying on bellyMassage bolster is placed under the feet joints.When massaging the back, the bolster may be placed under the belly.Neck and head massage is performed on a special chair
35Preparation of the client for a massage Cleansing of the skinApplication of the massage oil or cream
36Massage oils and lotions Massage creamMassage oilTalc powderMassage gel
39Massage techniquesTechniques of classical massage are performed in a prescribed sequence and manner, that are related to the intensity of action and the depth.Stroking- friction- kneading- percussion- vibration
40Stroking( effleurage) Hand of the masseur is gliding over the skin without shirring itThis is the initial technique of the massage, also performed in between the other techniques and at the end of massage. The emphasis is put on the middle part of the stroking.StrokingComprehensiveFlatSublimisDeepSimultaneousAlternatelyContinuousInterrupted
41Rules:When performing stroking, palms of the hands should fit tight to the client’s skinThere should be no space between the palm and the skinHands should be relaxedStroking shall be performed gently, smoothly and slowly in a direction of lymph flow-to the nearest lymph node areas
42Effect of the stroking: To get introduced to the client’s bodyExfoliation of epidermisImproves blood provision to the skinImproves venous and lymph flow, reduces oedemaRelaxes skeleton muscles
43Friction A massage technique pushing aside the skin Performed by fingers and palms
44Effect of friction :Increases supply of blood and lymph to the massage area- a warming effectLoosening cicatricesAnestheticPrepares the skin for the other massage techniquesImproves the agility of joints
45Kneading ( petrissage) Effect on musclesMuscle shall be taken in hands, pressed on, lifted upwards and put in the initial positionLongitudinal kneading- longitudinally cross the muscle fibresCross-kneading – cross over the muscle fibres
46Effect of the kneading: Induces muscle hyperemiaEnhances elimination of metabolic end-products from muscles- restores muscle performance (reduces acidosis)Improves muscle performance(muscular endurance, strength, elasticity)
47Percussion (Tapotement) - Very intense effect, increases blood pressure, improves blood circulation, lymph flow, improves muscle tonePerformed with palms of the hands, finger tipsRules:Shall not be applied if muscles are overworked, exhausted and crampyArm wrists shall be relaxedShall not be performed on neck, heart area, kidney area, abdomen, spinal cord, joints
49VibrationVibration possesses a particular reflectory and relaxing efffectHeart rate is slowed downReflectory effect to internal organs- normalizes the secretory and motor functions of internal organs
50Sequence of overall massage BackBacks of the legsFront of the legsAbdomenChestArms
51Length of massage depends on the scheme of techniques and areas of treatment -20-60-90 minutes. Course of treatment times a week, treatment course up to 10 visits.
52Topographical anatomy of face BonesMusclesBlood vessels, lymph nodesNerves
54Cosmetic facial classical massage Massage areas:face;neck;decollete area.Massage length: 20 min
55Indications: Improvement of micorcirculation; Enhancement of venous flow;Improvement of facial muscles tone;Toning up and correction of facial oval;Smoothing of small, sublime wrinkles;Relaxation of client;Secondary – nutritioning of facial skin, moisturising;Recommended as prophylactic for clients aged
56Preparation of facial, neck and décolleté area skin : Cleansing of facial, neck and decollete area skin;Application of a hot compress ;Peeling;Application of vaposone steamer prior to massage.
57Preconditions to be observed prior and during the massage : Creation of comfortable and pleasant environment during the massage treatment (premises, decorations, pleasant music, lighting, air temperature);Avoidance of discussions with the client during the procedure;Selection of correct and suitable massage oil or cream;Precise observance of Langer’s lines and fixation places;Intensity of massage movements dependence on the skin type and condition
58Contraindications: Purulent efflorescence; Dermatitis, eczemas, psoriasis (only with a permission of a physician );Enlarged lymph nodes;Herpes;Acute respiratory diseases;Recent visit to the dentist;Cerebral commotion(up to 6 months);Dizziness;Dynamic blood circulation disturbancesNeo growths on face(oncology);Infectious eye diseases;Allergic reactions to the massage oil or cream.
59Basic principles to be observed during a massage Massage shall be performed slowly;Langer’s lines shall be observed;Hands shall not be taken off the face, neck or décolleté area during the massage;Massage movements shall not be applied in the area of thyroid gland;Joining movements that are performed against the Langer’s lines shall be worked in a gentle manner without moving the skin aside;Fixation places are performed in a precise manner;Hand movements are gentle and plastic, fitting close to the face;Time anticipated for the massage shall be observed – 20 minutes ( together with the décolleté area);The applied massage oil or cream shall be enough during all the treatment procedure.
60Short summary Massage is among the most ancient medical therapies. For prophylactic purposes, massage is recommended to any healthy individualMassage has an effect on all organ systems of a human body.Classic massage has five basic stroke techniques (four according to alternative classifications). The strokes should be applied in a definite sequence dictated by the intensity and depth of their effect.The duration of a massage depends on the selected combination of techniques, the number of treatment areas and may be minutes.Recommendable times per week, up to 10 times in the massage therapy cycle.Classical facial cosmetic massage is applied to the face, neck and decolette area and lasts 20 minutes.The facial massage cycle consists of treatments 1-2 times per week; the cycle to be repeated after 2 months.