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Georgia History CRCT Review Civil War to WWI. How did North and South differ in the 1800’s and how did this lead to conflict? More factories in the North.

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Presentation on theme: "Georgia History CRCT Review Civil War to WWI. How did North and South differ in the 1800’s and how did this lead to conflict? More factories in the North."— Presentation transcript:

1 Georgia History CRCT Review Civil War to WWI

2 How did North and South differ in the 1800’s and how did this lead to conflict? More factories in the North – wanted to sell their goods in the South but cheaper for South to buy in Europe Farming a way a life in South – plantation agriculture In 1828, President Jackson put a tariff on imported goods, making European goods very expensive Southerners were angry about the tariff, and Georgians wanted to nullify the tariff and say it wasn’t valid

3 What was the nullification crisis? 1.President Jackson placed a tariff on imported goods and Southern states threatened to withdraw from the union 2.The South wanted to buy more goods from the North and needed lower taxes 3.North and South wanted to discourage European trade 4.President Jackson placed a tariff on all exports from the North

4 What did the nullification crisis illustrate? 1.The North’s desire to preserve their individual states’ rights 2.The president’s desire to preserve states’ rights 3.The South’s desire to preserve their individual states’ rights 4.The South’s desire to have a strong national government

5 What was NOT part of the Missouri Compromise? 1.Missouri enters as a slave state, Maine joins as a free state 2.Lawmakers decide to limit areas that might apply for statehood as slave states 3.Slavery is not allowed north of 36 degree latitude line 4.Fugitive slaves must be returned to their owners

6 The many compromises…. Missouri Compromise 1820 – Missouri applies as a slave state – would upset balance between slave and free Compromise – Missouri slave, Maine free – prohibit slavery from 36 deg North latitude Compromise of 1850 California joins union as free state, Mexican territory divided into New Mexico and Utah – no decision on slavery Includes Fugitive Slave Act – punishes those who help runaway slaves The Georgia Platform – Georgia is willing to remain in the union as long as the North complies with the Fugitive Slave Act

7 What was the Kansas Nebraska Act? 1.The decision that admitted Maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state 2.The decision that allowed Kansas and Nebraska to vote if they wanted slavery 3.The decision that required runaway slave to be returned 4.The decision that freed Dred Scott

8 What was “Bloody Kansas” 1.When the Cherokee rose up against the settlers 2.The fighting that broke out between Kansas residents wanting slavery and those against it 3.Fighting over Dred Scott decision 4.Fighting over the Missouri compromise

9 What was the Dred Scott decision? 1.When Missouri slave living in free territory was forced to remain a slave 2.The court case in which Chief Justice Taney said slaves were property and didn’t have rights 3.The case which invalidated the Missouri compromise because it limited property rights 4.All of the above

10 How did Georgia’s government respond to the election of 1860 (Lincoln’s election) Georgia remained with the Union for the first year 2.Georgia held a general election and voted to secede 3.Governor Brown favored secession, Alexander Stephens disagreed and the delegates voted 166 to 130 to secede 4.Georgia waited for all other states to secede first

11 What states made up the Confederacy? VirginiaNorth Carolina South CarolinaTexas TennesseeGeorgiaArkansasFlorida Mississippi Alabama Louisiana Missouri and Kentucky did not secede from the Union but sent representatives to the Confederate Congress – that’s why there are 13 stars on the Confederate flag.

12 What political party did Lincoln represent? 1.Democratic 2.Whigs 3.Independent 4.Republican

13 How did Georgia respond to secession? Governor Joseph Brown favored immediate secession Alexander Stephens did not favor secession – he warned that economic ruin could occur if secession led to Civil War Delegates voted 166 to 130 in favor of secession – Georgia left the Union in January, 1861

14 How did Georgia leaders respond to the call for secession? 1.Gov. Joseph Brown and state rep Alexander Stephens were for secession 2.Gov. Joseph Brown and state rep Alexander Stephens were against secession 3.Gov. Joseph Brown was for secession and state rep Alexander Stephens was against secession 4.Gov. Joseph Brown was against secession and state rep Alexander Stephens was for secession

15 How did the debate over secession in Georgia end? 1.Delegates voted 166 to 130 in favor of secession 2.Delegates voted 166 to 130 against secession 3.Delegates tabled the matter until later 4.Delegates voted unanimously to secede

16 What was the first conflict of the American Civil War? 1.The capture of Fort Pulaski 2.The capture of Fort Sumter 3.Battle of Antietam 4.Battle of Gettysburg

17 Where was the first Civil War Battle in Georgia? 1.The capture of Fort Pulaski 2.The capture of Fort Sumter 3.Battle of Antietam 4.Battle of Gettysburg

18 Where was the first major battle on Northern Soil and known as the bloodies battle of the war? 1.The capture of Fort Pulaski 2.The capture of Fort Sumter 3.The Battle of Antietam 4.The Battle of Gettysburg

19 What battle is considered the turning point of the war? 1.The capture of Fort Pulaski 2.The capture of Fort Sumter 3.The Battle of Antietam 4.The Battle of Gettysburg

20 What was the Gettysburg Address? The Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of the war. From July 1 to July 3, Robert E. Lee fought to hold onto Gettysburg. The larger Union army over- whelmed Lee Both sides experienced huge loses – President Lincoln visited Gettysburg in 1863 and delivered his famous Gettysburg Address Northern victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg left the south no chance of winning of the war.

21 What were major battles in Georgia? Battle of Chickamauga: Union forces came into Georgia over the Tennessee border – Georgia confederates battled Yankees along the creek After two days of battle, the defeated Union forces retreated back to Chattanooga The Battle of Chickamuaga left 34,000 men dead or wounded

22 Sherman’s March to the Sea Union General William Tecumseh Sherman – Atlanta Campaign was the “beginning of the end” – Atlanta is looted and burned by the Union forces Sherman decides to divide his army in two and march to the sea – soldiers were told to destroy/crush any fighting spirit left in the South – needless property damage estimated at 100 million Forces destroy Milledgeville and reach Savannah at Christmas. To protect the cotton stored there, Sherman leaves the city intact

23 Where is Gettysburg located? 1.Gettysburg is in Pennsylvania 2.Gettysburg is in Maryland 3.Gettysburg is in Georgia 4.Gettysburg is in Virginia

24 Describe battles in Georgia early in the war 1.With the exception of Fort Pulaski, Georgia remained free of major battles until Georgia was the site of major battles from the start of the war 3.Georgia was protected by the British 4.Georgia immediately surrendered when war was declared

25 What was the Battle of Chickamauga? 1.Confederate Braxton Bragg, aided by Longstreet and Hood, defeated Union commander Rosencrans 2.The Battle of Chickamuaga left 34,000 men dead 3.The battle, in the fall of 1863, was located at Chickamuaga in the Ridge and Valley region 4.All of the above

26 Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign 1.Included a battle at Kennesaw Mountain, where Sherman sustained heavy losses 2.Occurred after his march to the sea 3.Concluded when Sherman gave Atlanta to Lincoln as a Christmas present 4.Played a small role in union victory

27 What was Sherman’s march to the sea? 1.The scenic route taken by Sherman that provided his mean with fish for food 2.The amphibious assault by Sherman against the submarine Hunley 3.Sherman’s split of his army to destroy everything in sight up to but not including Savannah 4.Sherman’s split of his army to destroy everything in sight up to and including Savannah

28 Why did Sherman spare Savannah? 1.It was Christmas 1864 and he needed a present for Lincoln 2.He recognized the financial gain from the cotton in Savannah 3.He had friends in the area and wanted to save their property 4.Lincoln had a soft spot for Savannah

29 Where was Georgia’s capital at this time? 1.Atlanta 2.Milledgeville 3.Savannah 4.Augusta

30 What side did William Tecumseh Sherman fight for? 1.Confederate 2.Both – he was originally a confederate and changed sides 3.Neither – he was a blockage runner 4.Union

31 During the Civil War, where in Georgia were most captured Union soldiers sent? 1.Andersonville 2.Milledgeville 3.Atlanta 4.Fort Pulaski

32 What was significant about Andersonville? 1.More prisoners survived here than any other camp 2.The camp had the highest death rate of any Civil War prison 3.The immortal 600 were sent here 4.It was a small prison camp for high ranking confederate soldiers


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