Presentation on theme: "AHSGE Standard IV. Prelude to War o What congressional solution made California a free state and gave popular sovereignty to the New Mexico and Utah territories?"— Presentation transcript:
AHSGE Standard IV
Prelude to War o What congressional solution made California a free state and gave popular sovereignty to the New Mexico and Utah territories? o Compromise of 1850
Prelude to War o What part of the solution in the Compromise of 1850 upset many northerners? o Slavery could expand and... o Fugitive Slave Law
Prelude to War o What act, supported by Stephen Douglas, gave popular sovereignty to two territories just west of Missouri? o Kansas-Nebraska Act
Prelude to War o What is popular sovereignty? o The ability of the people to decide the issue of slavery through a popular vote.
Prelude to War o What political party was formed in the 1850s that believed slavery should not be allowed to spread to new territories? o Republican o Aka… the GOP o Aka… the Party of Lincoln
Prelude to War o What famous court case upheld the right of slave owners as property holders and said no black person, free or slave, had any rights? o Scott v. Sanford
Prelude to War o Who led the massacre at Pottawatomie Creek, Nebraska and led the raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers’ Ferry? o John Brown
Prelude to War o Describe the southern economy before the Civil War. o KING COTTON
Prelude to War o Describe the northern economy before the Civil War.
Prelude to War o Who won the presidential election in 1860 (his election led Southern states to secede, or leave the Union)? o Abraham Lincoln
Prelude to War o What state was the first to secede from the Union in 1860? o South Carolina
Civil War o What county in Alabama never seceded from the Union? o Winston The Free Republic of Winston
Civil War o What state was actually split over the decision to secede, and eventually became two states? o Virginia split & West Virginia was created
Civil War o What was the most famous of the Black military units to fight in the Civil War? o 54 th Massachusetts Regiment
Civil War o What act, passed by the Republican dominated congress (during the Civil War) gave large land grants to states from the federal government & allowed settlers on that land to get 150 acres for free?
Civil War o What act, passed by the Republican dominated congress (during the Civil War) gave large land grants to states from the federal government to create colleges?
Civil War o What did Lincoln pass on January 1, 1863, granting freedom to slaves in the Confederate states in rebellion?
Civil War o What did Lincoln suspend during the Civil War, depriving many citizens of the civil rights? o Writ of Habeas Corpus
Civil War o What was the first major battle of the Civil War? o 1 st Battle of Bull Run Manassas, VA, March 1862 Confederate Fortifications
Civil War o Where was the first shot of the Civil war fired on April 12, 1861? o Fort Sumter, South Carolina
Civil War o What battle resulted in the single bloodiest day of the Civil War? o Antietam 23,000
Civil War o What major three-day battle did the Confederates (under Lee) lose in Pennsylvania? o Gettysburg
Civil War o What battle, in Mississippi, resulted in a complete blockade of the South by the Union? o Vicksburg
Civil War o What Union general captured Atlanta and continued southeast to Savannah destroying everything in his path? o Sherman
Civil War o What famous speech was given by Lincoln at a consecration ceremony where he reminded Americans of the basic idea, “All men are created equal”? o Gettysburg Address
Civil War o Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Grant in 1865? o Appomattox Court House
Civil War o What was the program called that returned southern states to the Union, rebuilt the South’s infrastructure, and attempted to protect the rights of free blacks? o Reconstruction (1865 to 1877) o South was divided into 5 districts & federal troops were placed in each
Civil War o What were the laws called passed by southern states attempted to control freedmen and keeping them in a subservient position? o Black Codes
Civil War o What were northerners called who moved to the South, voted Republican, and were scorned by southerners after the Civil War? o Carpetbaggers
Civil War o What were southerners called who voted Republican after the Civil War? o Scalawags