Presentation on theme: "By Anthony Sanchez, Jose Espinoza, Jarrod Warren & Alex Knaggs"— Presentation transcript:
1By Anthony Sanchez, Jose Espinoza, Jarrod Warren & Alex Knaggs Anatomy PresentationBy Anthony Sanchez, Jose Espinoza, Jarrod Warren & Alex Knaggs
2Endocrine system diagram Parts of the Endocrine system and their locations.
3Endocrine GlandsDuctless or tubeless organs or groups of cells that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream.
4HormonesChemical substances that help regulate many of your bodies functions.
5Adrenal GlandsThey help the body deal with stress and respond to emergencies. This is done by regulating the bodies salt and water balance.
6Thyroid GlandsProduces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bone growth. Also regulates the way cells release energy from nutrients.
7Parathyroid glandProduces a hormone that regulates the body’s balance of calcium and phosphorus.
8Pituitary glandRegulates and controls the activities of all other endocrine glands.
9PancreasA gland that serves both the digestive and the endocrine systems. Helps to regulate Glucagon and produce Insulin.
10ThymusRegulates development of the immune system.
11Pineal glandSecretes the hormone melatonin, which is thought to affect the onset of puberty, and regulates sleep cycles.
12HypothalamusLinks the endocrine system and the nervous system and stimulates the pituitary gland to secrete hormones.
13OvariesFemale reproductive glands that produce egg cells.
14TestesMale reproductive glands that produce sperm for fertilization.
15Pituitary glands 3 Lobes; Anterior lobe This is the front lobe and it produces somatotropic or growth hormones, thyroid stimulating hormone(ACTH), and follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH) and luteinizing hormone(LH).
16Pituitary glands 3 lobes; Intermediate lobe The middle lobe that secretes melanocyte-stimulating hormone(MSH) which controls darkening of the skin.
17Pituitary gland 3 lobes; Posterior lobe The rear lobe that secretes antidiuretic hormone(ADH) which regulates the balance of water in the body.
18Adrenal glands 2 parts; Adrenal cortex This secretes a hormone that inhibits the amount of sodium excreted in urine and maintains blood volume and pressure. Also secretes hormones that aid in the metabolism of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates. Affects the bodies response to stress and the immune response and sexual function.
19Adrenal glands 2 parts; Adrenal medulla The smaller inner region that is controlled by the hypothalamus and the autonomic nervous system. Secretes epinephrine(Adrenaline) and norepinephrine. Epinephrine increases heartbeat and respiration, raises blood pressure, and suppresses the digestive process during periods of high emotion.
20Hormone VocabularySomatostatin: causes the pituitary gland to stop the release of growth hormoneGrowth hormone: stimulates the growth of bone and tissue. Deficiency in children results in growth failure, deficiency in adults results in probably maintaining muscle and bone mass.Thyroid stimulating hormones: Stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones.Adrenocorticotropin hormone: stimulates the adrenal gland to produce steroid related hormonesLuteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH): Hormones that control sexual function and production of the sex steroidsProlactin: Hormone that stimulates milk production in females
21Hormone VocabularyCorticordsteroids: manages metabolism, salt and water content in the body, the immune system, and sexual functionCatecholamines: hormones that help the body deal with physical and emotional stress.Melatonin: may help regulate the sleep-wake cycle of the body.Testosterone: male hormone that affects the development of male characteristicsEstrogen and progesterone: female hormones controlling the development of female characteristicsInsulin and glucagon: regulate blood glucose level.
22QuestionsIn what general area of the body is the thyroid gland located in?What gland controls all the other glands?What are the two parts of the adrenal gland?What does insulin do?What do endocrine glands do?
23Questions continued 6) What do hormones do? 7) What does the adrenal gland do?8) What two systems does the hypothalamus connect?Why are sex organs part of the endocrine system as well?What gland secretes melatonin?