2JURISDICTION—pg. 306 Jurisdiction—the authority to hear a case. State laws=state courts fed laws=fed courtsConcurrent JurisdictionBoth federal and state have jurisdiction to hear case.Original JurisdictionCourt in which a case is originally heard. (District)Appellate JurisdictionCourt in which case is appealed too. (Appeals cts.)
3FEDERAL District COURTS Constitutional courts—district cts., federal appeals cts., U.S. court of international trade.Set up by judiciary act of 178994 districts, trial courts for federal govt.2 juries: grand jury, Petit juryIndictment—charging person with a crime.Civil trial—plaintiff, defendantCriminal trial—guilty or not guilty
4FEDERAL Appeals COURTS 13 U.S. court of appeals12 regions/ circuits, 1 special federal appeals ct. page 314Appellate Jurisdiction
5LEGISLATIVE COURTS Help Congress exercise its power. 1. U.S. court of federal claims2. U.S. tax courts3. U.S. armed forces4. Territorial Courts5. Courts of District of Columbia6. Courts of Veterans Affairs7. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
6SELECTION OF FEDERAL JUDGES. PARTY AFFILIATIONJUDICIAL PHILOSOPHYSENATORIAL COURTESYBACKGROUND OF FEDERAL JUDGES
7SUPREME COURT COURT OF LAST RESORT MOST CASES HEARD ON APPEAL ARTICLE III—JUDICIAL BRANCHORIGINAL JURISDICTION—involve reps. From foreign countries or certain cases in which a state is a party. (5 a year.)Only look at case as constitutional issue.
8BASIC FACTS OF SUPREME COURT 9 JUSTICES, 1 CHIEF/8 ASSOCIATECONGRESS MAY IMPEACH JUDGES.MAIN DUTY—HEAR AND RULE CASE1 SUPREME COURT JUDGE ASSIGNED TO EACH CIRCUIT—LISTEN TO REQUEST FROM THOSE CIRUITS.PRESIDENT APPTS, SENATE APPROVES JUDGES.