Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 11 FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM. JURISDICTION—pg. 306 Jurisdiction—the authority to hear a case. State laws=state courts fed laws=fed courts Concurrent."— Presentation transcript:
CHAPTER 11 FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM
JURISDICTION—pg. 306 Jurisdiction—the authority to hear a case. State laws=state courts fed laws=fed courts Concurrent Jurisdiction Both federal and state have jurisdiction to hear case. Original Jurisdiction Court in which a case is originally heard. (District) Appellate Jurisdiction Court in which case is appealed too. (Appeals cts.)
FEDERAL District COURTS Constitutional courts—district cts., federal appeals cts., U.S. court of international trade. Set up by judiciary act of 1789 –94 districts, trial courts for federal govt. –2 juries: grand jury, Petit jury –Indictment—charging person with a crime. –Civil trial—plaintiff, defendant –Criminal trial—guilty or not guilty
FEDERAL Appeals COURTS 13 U.S. court of appeals –12 regions/ circuits, 1 special federal appeals ct. page 314 Appellate Jurisdiction
LEGISLATIVE COURTS Help Congress exercise its power. 1. U.S. court of federal claims 2. U.S. tax courts 3. U.S. armed forces 4. Territorial Courts 5. Courts of District of Columbia 6. Courts of Veterans Affairs 7. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
SELECTION OF FEDERAL JUDGES. PARTY AFFILIATION JUDICIAL PHILOSOPHY SENATORIAL COURTESY BACKGROUND OF FEDERAL JUDGES
SUPREME COURT COURT OF LAST RESORT MOST CASES HEARD ON APPEAL ARTICLE III—JUDICIAL BRANCH ORIGINAL JURISDICTION—involve reps. From foreign countries or certain cases in which a state is a party. (5 a year.) Only look at case as constitutional issue.
BASIC FACTS OF SUPREME COURT 9 JUSTICES, 1 CHIEF/8 ASSOCIATE CONGRESS MAY IMPEACH JUDGES. MAIN DUTY—HEAR AND RULE CASE 1 SUPREME COURT JUDGE ASSIGNED TO EACH CIRCUIT—LISTEN TO REQUEST FROM THOSE CIRUITS. PRESIDENT APPTS, SENATE APPROVES JUDGES.