2What is a Flowchart ?The flowchart is a visual presentation of the flow of data through an information processing systems, the operations performed within the system and the sequence in which they are performed.Flowcharts are generally drawn in the early stages of formulating computer solutions. Flowcharts facilitate communication between programmers and business people.
3A simple flowchart representing a process for dealing with a non-functioning lamp.
4Basic flowchart Symbols and Notations Flowcharts are usually drawn using some standard symbols; however, some special symbols can also be developed when required.Flowchart symbolNameDescriptionProcessAn operation or action step.Alternate ProcessAn alternate to the normal process step.TerminatorA start or stop point in a process.DecisionA question or branch in the process.Data(I/O)Indicates data input and output to and from a process.DocumentA document or report.Multi-DocumentMultiple documents.Flow LineIndicated the flow direction.
5Flowcharts examples: Example 1 Now we will present some flowchart examples on flowcharting for proper understanding of this technique:Example 1Draw a flowchart to find the sum of first 50 natural numbers.
6Example 2Draw a flowchart to find the largest of three numbers A, B, and C.
7Example 3 Draw a flowchart for computing factorial N (N!) Where N! = 1?2?3?....N .
8Advantages of Flowchart Communication.Effective analysis.Proper documentation.Efficient Coding.Proper Debugging.Efficient Program Maintenance.
9Disadvantages of Flowchart Complex logic.Alterations and Modifications.Reproduction.The essentials of what is done can easily be lost in the technical details of how it is done.