Presentation on theme: "War of 1812 What makes you proud to be an American?"— Presentation transcript:
War of 1812 What makes you proud to be an American?
War at Sea and with Natives Regular army fewer than 7,000, states had 50, ,000 troops, militia poorly trained, States opposed “Madison’s War”, Commanders from Revolution too old for combat, no leadership from Washington Gen. William Hull started war by leading Americans into Canada in 7/1812, met by Tecumseh, retreated to Detroit, 8/1812,surrendered to a smaller Brit force fearing massacre by Indians, Harrison tried to advance on Canada but stopped said could not be taken without taking Lake Erie Oliver Hazard Perry, assembled Lake Erie Naval forces, HQ in Put-in-Bay, OH, 9/10/1813, defeated British Navy in fierce battle, Perry said” we have met the enemy and they are ours” Brits and Indians tried to leave Detroit, cut off by Harrison, 10/5/1813 Battle of Thames, Tecumseh killed, Americans attacked York(Toronto) burned parliament USS Constitution-Old Ironsides destroyed British ships, Stephen Decatur given a new ship, privateers or pirates were used by America because of small navy
British invasion Nov British defeated Napoleon at Waterloo, Turned attention to America, 8/1814 sailed into Chesapeake Bay, overpowered militia outside Washington DC, Burned DC including Capital and White House, Dolly Madison saved silver and paintings from White Hs., Madison and Congress escaped Brits did not try to hold Washington, sailed north to Baltimore, Baltimore had barricaded roads, blocked harbor and 13,000 militia in trenches, 9/1814 Brit began bombardment of Ft. McHenry in harbor, 9/ hrs of bombardment, Francis Scott Key a lawyer captured by Brits on ship watched and when over wrote Star Spangled Banner, later set to a bar tune became Nat’l Anthem Americans stopped Canadian invasion of Pittsburgh by defeating Brits on Lake Champlain
Battle of New Orleans America and Eng. Signed the Treaty of Ghent, 12/1814, neutral rights and impressment dead issues Before word could reach USA one more battle, 12/1814 Brit troops moved toward New Orleans, defended by Andrew Jackson and Pierre Lafeet, 1/8/1815 Brits marched toward fortification that included bales of cotton,1,000’s of Brit troops killed, Jackson hero, help win President later 12/1814 Federalist met in Hartford,CT for Hartford Convention, some favored secession, proposed amendments to Constitution, seemed unpatriotic after Jackson’s win at New Orleans Federalist party weakened, Strong nat’l gov’t now carried by War Hawks, Republicans, favored trade, Westward expansion, strong economy, navy and army sz0 sz0