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The Southern Colonies. Early Life in the Chesapeake Disease: Malaria, dysentery, typhoid Disease: Malaria, dysentery, typhoid ½ born did not survive to.

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Presentation on theme: "The Southern Colonies. Early Life in the Chesapeake Disease: Malaria, dysentery, typhoid Disease: Malaria, dysentery, typhoid ½ born did not survive to."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Southern Colonies

2 Early Life in the Chesapeake Disease: Malaria, dysentery, typhoid Disease: Malaria, dysentery, typhoid ½ born did not survive to their 20s ½ born did not survive to their 20s Population grew slowly, only due to immigration Population grew slowly, only due to immigration Immigrants were single men in late teens, early 20s Immigrants were single men in late teens, early 20s Men out numbered women 6 to 1 Men out numbered women 6 to 1 Many outside of wedlock pregnancies Many outside of wedlock pregnancies Few families Few families Death separated those that existed Death separated those that existed Children often died Children often died

3 Southern Way of Life Plantation Owners Plantation Owners Biggest controllers of the economy, politics, and society, although small farmers biggest population Biggest controllers of the economy, politics, and society, although small farmers biggest population Balls, banquets, parties Balls, banquets, parties High standard of living High standard of living

4 Social Hierarchy Plantation Owners Plantation Owners Small Farmers Small Farmers Landless whites Landless whites Women Women Indentured Servants Indentured Servants Slaves Slaves

5 Women No right to vote or preach No right to vote or preach Some women allowed to own property due to high death tolls of husbands. Some women allowed to own property due to high death tolls of husbands.

6 The Economy Plantation Economy  Each grew cash crop Plantation Economy  Each grew cash crop Maryland, VA, NC – tobacco Maryland, VA, NC – tobacco SC, Georgia – rice and indigo SC, Georgia – rice and indigo No towns, b/c no need for markets No towns, b/c no need for markets Plantations near rivers so crops could be shipped to New England or Europe. Plantations near rivers so crops could be shipped to New England or Europe. Needed more labor Needed more labor

7 Indentured Servants Lower than women on social ladder Lower than women on social ladder No rights while a servant No rights while a servant Many would die during servitude Many would die during servitude After serving, forced to poor life in western part of the colonies After serving, forced to poor life in western part of the colonies

8 Headright System Employed by VA and MD Employed by VA and MD Encourage importation of servant workers Encourage importation of servant workers Masters would receive 50 acres for paying the passage for coming to the New World Masters would receive 50 acres for paying the passage for coming to the New World

9 Bacon’s Rebellion Freed servants increasingly frustrated Freed servants increasingly frustrated No Women No Women No Land No Land Forced into backcountry Forced into backcountry Problems with Natives Problems with Natives In 1676, a rebellion led by 29 yr old Nathaniel Bacon against Governor Berkeley and all local Natives In 1676, a rebellion led by 29 yr old Nathaniel Bacon against Governor Berkeley and all local Natives Many died of disease during the rebellion, Berkeley able to crush the uprising, hung 20 rebels Many died of disease during the rebellion, Berkeley able to crush the uprising, hung 20 rebels Rebellion Crushed, Tensions remained between wealthy and poor Rebellion Crushed, Tensions remained between wealthy and poor

10 The Slave Trade

11 Slavery Grew tremendously after 1680 Grew tremendously after 1680 Lucky to survive the voyage to the colonies Lucky to survive the voyage to the colonies 80-90% worked in fields 80-90% worked in fields The others worked in the house cooking, cleaning, and raising the masters children The others worked in the house cooking, cleaning, and raising the masters children Punishments: whippings, beatings Punishments: whippings, beatings Full time work for life beginning at age 12 until death Full time work for life beginning at age 12 until death Acceptable to murder slaves during punishments Acceptable to murder slaves during punishments

12 He (the slave) is called up in the morning at daybreak, and is seldom allowed time enough to swallow three mouthfuls of hominy, or hoecake, but is driven out immediately to the field to hard labor, at which he continues, without intermission until noon… About noon is the time he eats his dinner, and he is seldom allowed an hour for that purpose…They then return to severe labor, which continues in the field until dusk in the evening. ~ John Ferdinand Smyth

13 Culture of Slaves Basket weaving, pottery, musical traditions, oral stories, and dances Basket weaving, pottery, musical traditions, oral stories, and dances Created new families when real ones were torn apart Created new families when real ones were torn apart

14 Rebellion of Slaves Passive Rebellion: Slow Downs, faking illness, breaking tools Passive Rebellion: Slow Downs, faking illness, breaking tools Aggressive Rebellion: The Stono Rebellion Aggressive Rebellion: The Stono Rebellion 1739, 20 slaves gathered outside of Charleston 1739, 20 slaves gathered outside of Charleston Killed several white planter families Killed several white planter families White militia later surrounded the group – those not killed in fighting were executed. White militia later surrounded the group – those not killed in fighting were executed. Result: Harsher slave laws  Black Codes Result: Harsher slave laws  Black Codes

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