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The Southern Colonies.

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Presentation on theme: "The Southern Colonies."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Southern Colonies

2 Early Life in the Chesapeake
Disease: Malaria, dysentery, typhoid ½ born did not survive to their 20s Population grew slowly, only due to immigration Immigrants were single men in late teens, early 20s Men out numbered women 6 to 1 Many outside of wedlock pregnancies Few families Death separated those that existed Children often died

3 Southern Way of Life Plantation Owners
Biggest controllers of the economy, politics, and society, although small farmers biggest population Balls, banquets, parties High standard of living

4 Social Hierarchy Plantation Owners Small Farmers Landless whites Women
Indentured Servants Slaves

5 Women No right to vote or preach
Some women allowed to own property due to high death tolls of husbands.

6 The Economy Plantation Economy  Each grew cash crop
Maryland, VA, NC – tobacco SC, Georgia – rice and indigo No towns, b/c no need for markets Plantations near rivers so crops could be shipped to New England or Europe. Needed more labor

7 Indentured Servants Lower than women on social ladder
No rights while a servant Many would die during servitude After serving, forced to poor life in western part of the colonies

8 Headright System Employed by VA and MD
Encourage importation of servant workers Masters would receive 50 acres for paying the passage for coming to the New World

9 Bacon’s Rebellion Freed servants increasingly frustrated
No Women No Land Forced into backcountry Problems with Natives In 1676, a rebellion led by 29 yr old Nathaniel Bacon against Governor Berkeley and all local Natives Many died of disease during the rebellion, Berkeley able to crush the uprising, hung 20 rebels Rebellion Crushed, Tensions remained between wealthy and poor

10 The Slave Trade

11 Slavery Grew tremendously after 1680
Lucky to survive the voyage to the colonies 80-90% worked in fields The others worked in the house cooking, cleaning, and raising the masters children Punishments: whippings, beatings Full time work for life beginning at age 12 until death Acceptable to murder slaves during punishments

12 He (the slave) is called up in the morning at daybreak, and is seldom allowed time enough to swallow three mouthfuls of hominy, or hoecake, but is driven out immediately to the field to hard labor, at which he continues, without intermission until noon… About noon is the time he eats his dinner, and he is seldom allowed an hour for that purpose…They then return to severe labor, which continues in the field until dusk in the evening. ~ John Ferdinand Smyth

13 Culture of Slaves Basket weaving, pottery, musical traditions, oral stories, and dances Created new families when real ones were torn apart

14 Rebellion of Slaves Passive Rebellion: Slow Downs, faking illness, breaking tools Aggressive Rebellion: The Stono Rebellion 1739, 20 slaves gathered outside of Charleston Killed several white planter families White militia later surrounded the group – those not killed in fighting were executed. Result: Harsher slave laws  Black Codes


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