Presentation on theme: "Chap 3 Sect 1 Main Idea – The Economy of the Southern colonies is dependent on labor intensive cash crops Key Terms – Cash Crop, Indentured Servant, Gentry,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chap 3 Sect 1Main Idea – The Economy of the Southern colonies is dependent on labor intensive cash cropsKey Terms – Cash Crop, Indentured Servant, Gentry, Back Country Farmer, Tenant Farmer, Plantation, Middle Passage, Subsistence Farming, Royal African Company, Slave Code, Bacon’s Rebellion**
2 Tobacco and Rice and Indigo… what the heck is Indigo???? Cash CropCrop grown as a money making venture3 Cash Crops in the SouthTobacco – VA, MD, NCRice – SC, GASugarcane fails – rice doesn’tSlaves from the Mende (Rice Coast)Indigo – SCAll very labor intensive to harvestPlantations located near water – why?
3 Slaves Social Structure in the Southern Colonies Indentured Servant GentryBackCountryFarmerTenant FarmerIndentured ServantSlaves
4 Who is who?????Gentry – wealthy, landowners, plantations, slave ownersBack Country Farmers – Former Indentured Servants, not much money, subsistence farmersTenant Farmers – work someone else’s landIndentured Servants – Agree to work for period of time in exchange for trip to AmericaSlaves – Property – no rights – Slave Code
5 Gentry wants to stay on top Gov. Berkeley of VA - laws to benefit GentryBCF not allowed to go west into native landsNathaniel BaconGentryWants more landTakes the side of the BCF
6 Revenge of the Pig!!! Bacon’s Rebellion - 1676 Bacon leads BCF against natives, then gentryBurns down JamestownBacon dies in swampRebellion Fails !!!So why even talk about it ??????Because….
7 Long-term effects of Bacon’s Rebellion Gentry do not want another rebellionIndentured Servants eventually get set freeBecome BCFMay rebel againSlaves never set freeNo Indentured Servants – Slave labor instead!!Slavery becomes part of the Southern economy
8 Slavery becomes a business Royal African CompanyMiddle PassageSlave Codes