Presentation on theme: "America: Story of Us America: Story of Us Jamestown (7.40)"— Presentation transcript:
America: Story of Us America: Story of Us Jamestown (7.40)
In 1606, Virginia Company investors gained a charter from the king, recruited settlers, and sent them to America in search of gold
Settlers built a fort, but struggled to survive in their first years in America Settlers arrived looking for gold so they did not prepare to stay long in America; They did not plant crops & faced starvation John Smith took control & forced settlers to farm “He who will not work, will not eat”
Jamestown was located on a swamp & led to outbreaks of disease among colonists
After the Jamestown colonists failed to find gold, the joint-stock investors demanded that colonists find a way to make money
Tobacco was so profitable that colonists planted more, built large plantations, & expanded into new farm lands Due to the success of tobacco, the Jamestown settlement expanded into the Virginia colony
Quick discussion: How did Jamestown settlers find enough workers to plant, harvest, and package large amounts of tobacco?
Tobacco created a need for field laborers to plant & pick the tobacco Indentured servants were typically poor men or women who agreed to work for a land owner for 4 to 7 years in exchange for their travel to America
Indentured servants were worked hard, treated badly, & many died before their contracts ended The large population of poor people in Britain led thousands of people to immigrating as indentured servants by 1700
In the mid-1600s, fewer indentured servants came to America as the British economy improved; As a result, African slavery replaced indentured servitude as the dominant labor system in Virginia
African slaves were transported from Africa to America on slave ships across the “Middle Passage”
Quick discussion: As the Virginia colony grew, it needed government. What do you think the colonial government looked like? Who had power?
Virginia colonists needed laws to maintain order but the British government was thousands of miles across the Atlantic Ocean Virginia was a royal colony so it had a governor chosen by the king, but the House of Burgesses made the important decisions regarding taxes & laws
Even though the leaders of the House of Burgesses were elected, they were rich planters who did not always represent the poor farmers of the colony Former indentured servants in western Virginia suffered from low tobacco prices & frequent Indian attacks Poor farmers, led by Nathaniel Bacon, blamed Virginia’s governor for not protecting them & started a rebellion