Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Israel Palestine Conflict

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Israel Palestine Conflict"— Presentation transcript:

1 Israel Palestine Conflict
Sai Kumar Swamy, PGPM, IIMB

2 The Arab Story

3 The Arab Empire – AD

4 The Ottoman Empire –

5 Arab States

6 Events of 1915-1918 World War I Ottoman empire
McMahon-Hussein Correspondence McMahon - Arab revolt against Ottoman empire Hussein - Creation of Arab state Balfour Declaration – 2nd Nov 1917 "His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object” Sykes-Picot Agreement Zionism - ZO

7 What this led to Palestinian Riots Hebron Massacre
1920 1921 Hebron Massacre 23rd August, 1929 67 Jews killed Rumors of Jewish occupation of Holy Lands Similar attacks everywhere Arab Revolt White paper of 1939 Renounced Britain’s intent of creating a Jewish home in Palestine Confiscated all weapons from Arab population

8 The story of the Jews

9 The story of the Jews Displaced people History of Attacks
1648 Ukraine 1821 Ukraine - The first riot actually called a ‘pogrom’ Russia Few deaths, but much fear and property destruction Zionist Movement Russia Many deaths Much Jewish emigration to Europe and the USA 1918 Poland Argentina Romania 1933 Germany The Holocaust 1945 Arab states such as Libya

10 Holocaust The Germans did not succeed in eliminating the Jews
Nazi Germany and Hitler Perpetrated the worst ‘Pogrom’ in living memory Systematic elimination of Jews Factory-like process Concentration Camps Jews - identified, labelled, herded, moved, stored, abused and finally killed Result Over 6 million Jews died Exodus to safe countries USA preferred destination The Germans did not succeed in eliminating the Jews RESULT :: Need for a SAFE homeland - Emigration

11 UN Action - Inaction

12 UN Action 2 State theory Rejected by Palestinian Arabs
Palestine & Israel Israel – 55% Palestine – 45% Rejected by Palestinian Arabs Jewish settlers welcomed it – Ben Gurion May 15, 1948 – End of British Rule May 14, 1948 Palestinians move in Jews retaliate Israel declares independence Arab League declares war Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Jordan and Lebanon plan invasions IDF defeats the Arab forces

13 Result of the War Arab exodus into neighboring countries
Gains Jordan East Jerusalem West Bank Egypt Gaza strip – Coastal Strip Elsewhere the Arabic forces were all pushed back 1949 the United Nations declared a cease-fire Israel signed armistice agreements with all the Arab states Israel had expanded by another 25%! Arab exodus into neighboring countries Jewish refugees flood Israel, USA Ben Gurion – national hero

14 1948-1973 Suez Crisis - 1956 6 day war – 1967 Yom Kippur War – 1973
Israel draws water from River Jordan Restoration of national pride – Egypt (Gamel Abdel Naseer) Israel recaptures East Jerusalem West Bank Gaza Strip Captures new territory Sinai Yom Kippur War – 1973

15 PLO & Intifada PLO Intifada : Arabic word Formed – 1964
Aim : Palestine, with its original Mandate borders, is the indivisible homeland of the Arab Palestinian people Yasser Arafat Guerilla Tactics Fatah Movement Intifada : Arabic word Stands for shaking off or shivering because of fear or illness It also means abrupt and sudden waking up from sleep or unconcerned status. Politically the word came to symbolize the Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation Civil Disobedience 1st – 1987 2nd – 2000

16 Hamas Formed in 1987 1st Intifada Destroy Israel – Establish Palestinian state Denies Holocaust occurred Sheikh Ahmad Yassin, Abdel Aziz Rantissi and Mohd. Taha Activities Suicide bombings Rocket attacks (Qassam) Schools, hospitals, libraries and Social activities Wins parliamentary elections – 2006 Hamas -76 seats; Fatah- 43 seats Conflict between Hamas and Fatah Hamas defeats Fatah

17 Hamas – Contd. Hamas offers 10 year truce
Withdraw from West Bank & East Jerusalem Right to return for Palestinians Israel doesn’t respond 17th June 2008 – Informal truce between Hamas & Israel Nov 4th – 6 Hamas gunmen killed by Israeli forces Hamas responds with rocket attacks on Israeli border towns Israel launches operation ‘Cast Lead’ Weed out Hamas militants and smash arms hideouts and safe houses 1000+ civilians dead Limited Hamas casualties Human shields and blending into population during conflict

18 Peace Process Oslo Accord – 1993 Camp David – 2000
Key Features Ariel Sharon Mohd Al Durrah Incident Mitchell report – Basis of the Road Map for peace Sharm El-Sheikh Fact-Finding Committee Report an immediate cessation of all violence rebuilding confidence by a full-scale effort by the Palestinian Authority to prevent Terrorism, the freezing of Israeli settlement activity, ... and other confidence-building measures resumption of negotiations

19 Today Possible Solutions
There is still much dispute and fighting over land and borders Hamas and the PLO are still in conflict with Israel Israel has control over 78% of the former Palestine, rather than the 55% allocated under the UN partition plan Possible Solutions Many moderate Arabs want Israeli withdrawal to pre borders Hamas (who is in power currently) does not want a peace agreement, rather desires a single Palestinian state 2 state-solution 1 state solution Israel’s “land for peace” deals

20 Annexure

21 Balfour Declaration

22 Zionist Movement Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chaim Weizmann
‘the struggle to put an end to the Wandering Jew, could not have as its result, the creation of the Wandering Arab’ Theodore Herzl Der Judenstaat – The Jewish State – 1896 the only solution to the "Jewish Question" in Europe, including growing antisemitism, was through the establishment of a Jewish State Zionist Congress "If I were to sum up the Congress in a word – which I shall take care not to publish – it would be this: At Basle I founded the Jewish State. If I said this out loud today I would be greeted by universal laughter. In five years perhaps, and certainly in fifty years, everyone will perceive it." Chaim Weizmann Rosh Pinna – First Settlement The Wiki entry for Wandering Jew says that - The Wandering Jew is a figure from medieval Christian folklore whose legend began to spread in Europe in the 13th century. The original legend concerns a Jew who taunted Jesus on the way to the Crucifixion and was then cursed to walk the earth until the Second Coming. The exact nature of the wanderer's indiscretion varies in different versions of the tale, as do aspects of his character; sometimes he is said to be a shoemaker or other tradesman, while sometimes he is the doorman at Pontius Pilate's estate.

23 Zionist Conference – Basel (1897)

24 Weizmann Chaim Azriel Weizmann, 27 November 1874 – 9 November 1952) was a Zionist leader, President of the Zionist Organization, and the first President of the State of Israel. He was elected on 1 February 1949, and served until his death in The first picture shows Weizmann with Einstein and the second one shows Weizmann with Prince Faisal.

25 Rosh Pinna

26 Cave of the Patriarchs

27 Western Wall

28 Al-Aqsa

29 Western Wall – Al Aqsa

30 Foundation Stone

31 Arab forces

32 Haganah – Jewish Self Defense Group

33 Palestine in 1947 Jewish Settlements in orange Palestinian-Arab settlements in Yellow

34 Holocaust-1

35 Herding of Jews

36 Concentration Camps-1

37 Concentration Camps-2

38 Jewish Immigrants - Palestine

39 Partition Plan - Map Pink – Palestine Orange – Israel
Blue – International Zone

40 Palestine in 1947 Jewish Settlements in orange Palestinian-Arab settlements in Yellow

41 Invasion Plan

42 Map – After the 1948 War

43 Israel before and after the six-day war 1967

44 The End of the Yom Kippur War -Green marks Israeli gains
Lebanon Golan Heights Syria Israel Jordan Suez Canal Egypt The End of the Yom Kippur War -Green marks Israeli gains

45 Railroad Cars

46 Bus - Jewish

47 Sykes-Picot Agreement

48 Oslo Accord

49 Current Settlements

50 Durrah Incident

51 Story in Pictures

52 Tel Aviv

53 Story in Pictures

54 Israel- The people Because of its location, and long history, Israel has a large mixture of peoples. They are different faiths, appearance, skin colour etc etc.

55 Story in Pictures

56 Story in Pictures

57 Story in Pictures

58 Story in Pictures

59 Story in Pictures

60 Story in Pictures

61 Story in Pictures

62 Story in Pictures

63 Story in Pictures

64 Story in Pictures

65 Story in Pictures

66 Story in Pictures

67 Suicide Bombing

68 Is this the END?

Download ppt "Israel Palestine Conflict"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google