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Sai Kumar Swamy, PGPM, IIMB Israel Palestine Conflict.

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Presentation on theme: "Sai Kumar Swamy, PGPM, IIMB Israel Palestine Conflict."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sai Kumar Swamy, PGPM, IIMB Israel Palestine Conflict

2 The Arab Story

3 The Arab Empire – AD

4 The Ottoman Empire –

5 Arab States

6 Events of World War I Ottoman empire McMahon-Hussein Correspondence McMahon - Arab revolt against Ottoman empire Hussein - Creation of Arab state Balfour Declaration – 2 nd Nov "His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object” Sykes-Picot AgreementAgreement Zionism - ZOZO

7 What this led to Palestinian Riots Hebron MassacreMassacre 23 rd August, Jews killed Rumors of Jewish occupation of Holy LandsLands Similar attacks everywhere Arab RevoltRevolt White paper of Renounced Britain’s intent of creating a Jewish home in Palestine Confiscated all weapons from Arab population

8 The story of the Jews

9 Displaced people History of Attacks 1648 Ukraine 1821 Ukraine - The first riot actually called a ‘pogrom’ Russia Few deaths, but much fear and property destruction Zionist Movement Russia Many deaths Much Jewish emigration to Europe and the USA 1918 Poland Argentina Romania 1933 Germany The Holocaust 1945 Arab states such as Libya

10 Holocaust Nazi Germany and Hitler Perpetrated the worst ‘Pogrom’ in living memory Systematic elimination of Jews Factory-like process Concentration CampsCamps Jews - identified, labelled, herded, moved, stored, abused and finally killedherdedkilled Result Over 6 million Jews died Exodus to safe countries USA preferred destination The Germans did not succeed in eliminating the Jews RESULT :: Need for a SAFE homeland - EmigrationEmigration

11 UN Action - Inaction

12 UN Action 2 State theory Palestine & Israel Israel – 55% Palestine – 45% Rejected by Palestinian ArabsArabs Jewish settlers welcomed it – Ben Gurion May 15, 1948 – End of British Rule May 14, 1948 Palestinians move in Jews retaliate Israel declares independence Arab League declares war Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Jordan and Lebanon plan invasions invasions IDF defeats the Arab forces forces

13 Result of the War Gains Jordan East Jerusalem West Bank Egypt Gaza strip – Coastal Strip Elsewhere the Arabic forces were all pushed back 1949 the United Nations declared a cease-fire Israel signed armistice agreements with all the Arab states Israel had expanded by another 25%! Arab exodus into neighboring countries Jewish refugees flood Israel, USA Ben Gurion – national hero

14 Suez Crisis day war – 1967 Israel draws water from River Jordan Restoration of national pride – Egypt (Gamel Abdel Naseer) Israel recapturesrecaptures East Jerusalem West Bank Gaza Strip Captures new territory Sinai Yom Kippur War –

15 PLO & Intifada PLO Formed – 1964 Aim : Palestine, with its original Mandate borders, is the indivisible homeland of the Arab Palestinian people Yasser Arafat Guerilla Tactics Fatah Movement Intifada : Arabic word Stands for shaking off or shivering because of fear or illness It also means abrupt and sudden waking up from sleep or unconcerned status. Politically the word came to symbolize the Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation Civil Disobedience 1 st – nd – 2000

16 Hamas Formed in st Intifada Destroy Israel – Establish Palestinian state Denies Holocaust occurred Sheikh Ahmad Yassin, Abdel Aziz Rantissi and Mohd. Taha Activities Suicide bombings Rocket attacks (Qassam) Schools, hospitals, libraries and Social activities Wins parliamentary elections – 2006 Hamas -76 seats; Fatah- 43 seats Conflict between Hamas and Fatah Hamas defeats Fatah

17 Hamas – Contd. Hamas offers 10 year truce Withdraw from West Bank & East Jerusalem Right to return for Palestinians Israel doesn’t respond 17 th June 2008 – Informal truce between Hamas & Israel Nov 4 th – 6 Hamas gunmen killed by Israeli forces Hamas responds with rocket attacks on Israeli border towns Israel launches operation ‘Cast Lead’ Weed out Hamas militants and smash arms hideouts and safe houses civilians dead Limited Hamas casualties Human shields and blending into population during conflict

18 Peace Process Oslo Accord – Camp David – Key Features Ariel Sharon Mohd Al Durrah IncidentIncident Mitchell report – Basis of the Road Map for peace Sharm El-Sheikh Fact-Finding Committee Report an immediate cessation of all violence rebuilding confidence by a full-scale effort by the Palestinian Authority to prevent Terrorism, the freezing of Israeli settlement activity,... and other confidence-building measures resumption of negotiations

19 Today There is still much dispute and fighting over land and borders Hamas and the PLO are still in conflict with Israel Israel has control over 78% of the former Palestine, rather than the 55% allocated under the UN partition plan Possible Solutions Many moderate Arabs want Israeli withdrawal to pre-1967 borders Hamas (who is in power currently) does not want a peace agreement, rather desires a single Palestinian state 2 state-solution 1 state solution Israel’s “land for peace” deals

20 Annexure

21 Balfour Declarationn

22 Zionist Movementt Baron Edmond de Rothschild ‘the struggle to put an end to the Wandering Jew, could not have as its result, the creation of the Wandering Arab’ Theodore Herzl Der Judenstaat – The Jewish State – 1896 the only solution to the "Jewish Question" in Europe, including growing antisemitism, was through the establishment of a Jewish State Zionist CongressCongress "If I were to sum up the Congress in a word – which I shall take care not to publish – it would be this: At Basle I founded the Jewish State. If I said this out loud today I would be greeted by universal laughter. In five years perhaps, and certainly in fifty years, everyone will perceive it." Chaim Weizmannn Rosh Pinna – First SettlementSettlement

23 Zionist Conference – Basel (1897)(1897)

24 Weizmannn

25 Rosh Pinnaa

26 Cave of the Patriarchss

27 Western Wall

28 Al-Aqsa

29 Western Wall – Al Aqsa

30 Foundation Stonee

31 Arab forces

32 Haganah – Jewish Self Defense GroupGroup

33 Palestine in Jewish Settlements in orange Palestinian-Arab settlements in Yellow

34 Holocaust-11

35 Herding of Jewss

36 Concentration Camps-11

37 Concentration Camps-22

38 Jewish Immigrants - Palestinee

39 Partition Plan - Map - Map Pink – Palestine Orange – Israel Blue – International Zone

40 Palestine in Jewish Settlements in orange Palestinian-Arab settlements in Yellow

41 Invasion PlanPlan

42 Map – After the 1948 WarWar

43 Israel before and after the six-day war

44 Lebanon Syria Israel Jordan Egypt Suez Canal Golan Heights The End of the Yom Kippur War - Green marks Israeli gainsgains

45 Railroad CarsCars

46 Bus - JewishJewish

47 Sykes-Picot AgreementAgreement

48 Oslo Accordd

49 Current Settlementss

50 Durrah IncidentIncident

51 Story in Pictures

52 Tel Aviv

53 Story in Pictures

54 Israel- The people Because of its location, and long history, Israel has a large mixture of peoples. They are different faiths, appearance, skin colour etc etc.

55 Story in Pictures

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67 Suicide Bombing

68 Is this the END?


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