How many? What educational level or experience? ◦ Medical students (pre-clinical, clinical, post-) ◦ Residents ◦ Fellows ◦ Graduate Students ◦ Faculty What do they need? To what type of teaching are they accustomed?
Where? When? How Long? Expected Feedback? Assessment or Grades?
First meeting of the group sets the style First meeting is critical… Operational Style ◦ Timeliness ◦ Who speaks ◦ Who can ask questions ◦ Patterns of expected participation ◦ Expectations for pre-group preparation ◦ Level of stress…
You are no longer the “Star” Unpredictable…be prepared Harder to assess learners Sometimes a lecture would be a better choice
Fill out what you think the characteristics of the “best” small group TUTORS and best SMALL GROUPS were.
Define – what is the purpose of this group Coordinate Seek information Give information Seek opinions Test feasibility
Encourage discussion ◦ Don’t forget about the silent member Enable thinking out-loud Expect initial silence & fumbling Facilitate group identity Give feedback ◦ Public and private ◦ When to embarrass, if ever… Utilize and vary proven group techniques
◦ 5 methodologies ◦ How should you select one? ◦ Advantages & Disadvantages of each ◦ How do they work? Form 5 sub-groups to analyze & report
What do each of the 13 tips mean to you? Review the Suggested questions to stimulate discussion –> 9 sub-areas ◦ Open-ended ◦ Encourage group rather than individual answers ◦ Prevent the leader from becoming “Google”… ◦ Create discussion ◦ Incite “controversy”
“Failing to prepare is preparing to fail” Be aware of the challenges and utilize strategies to overcome them Understand what students want from small groups Utilize novel small group strategies Learn how to ask questions that stimulate discussion