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任务一 Learn to Communicate Unit 4 Body Language 任务二 Text Learning 任务三 Exercises   

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Presentation on theme: "任务一 Learn to Communicate Unit 4 Body Language 任务二 Text Learning 任务三 Exercises   "— Presentation transcript:

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4 任务一 Learn to Communicate Unit 4 Body Language 任务二 Text Learning 任务三 Exercises   

5 任务一 Learn to Communicate  任务 2 Acting Out 任务 2 Acting Out  任务 3 Listening 任务 3 Listening  任务 4 A Video Clip 任务 4 A Video Clip  任务 1 Gesture Interpretation 任务 1 Gesture Interpretation

6 Gesture Interpretation Study the following pictures and tell each other the meanings of them. 1) _________ Good! 2) _________ Bad!

7 Gesture Interpretation 3) _________ Come here! 4) _________ Good luck!

8 Gesture Interpretation 5) _________ Me? 6) ____________ I don’t know!

9 Acting Out What are the special gestures you use to communicate the following expressions? Work in groups and act them out. Be quiet. finger over lips Well done. thumbs up Smells bad.wrinkle nose Ok! make a circle with one’s thumb and index finger

10 Acting Out Surprise. I can’t hear. Shyness. Anger. widen the eyes cup hand behind ear I am full. move the hand in circles over the stomach cover face with hand one fist in air

11 Listen to a short paragraph and answer questions. 1. Apart from speaking, what can help us to communicate with people? Please explain using the examples mentioned. We can use body language to help us. For example, we sometimes move our heads up and down to say “yes”. 2. How can we correctly understand nonverbal communication? One way to learn to correctly read the 65% of communication that happens nonverbally is to be clear about the body language in our own culture.

12   When we want to tell people what we think, we can do it not only with the help of words, but also in many other ways. For example, we sometimes move our heads up and down to say “yes” and we move our heads from side to side when we want to say “no”. This way we communicate with others. When we use our bodies, without using words, it is called body language. Body language is often as different as verbal language, therefore, there are many gestures that mean different things in different cultures. Although it is natural to believe that everyone communicates nonverbally the same way as we do, it is important to remember the differences in cross- cultural situations. Scientists believe that body language speaks louder than words. It’s believed that 65% of communication happens nonverbally, or without words. One way to learn to correctly read the 65% of communication that happens nonverbally is to be clear about the body language in our own culture.

13 Video Clip Charlie Chaplin, the world famous silent movie actor, is regarded as the pioneer of non-verbal communication. Chaplin is classed as the best silent-movie actor just by the extent to which he could use gestures and other body signals to communicate effectively.  Watch the video clip and pay attention to Chaplin ’ s effective way of using his body language.  Try to point out how many kinds of body language he used in this video.

14 Video Clip Click the picture

15 任务二 Text Learning  任务 1 New Words & Expressions 任务 1 New Words & Expressions  任务 2 Pre-reading Questions 任务 2 Pre-reading Questions  任务 3 Text Structure 任务 3 Text Structure  任务 4 Text Understanding 任务 4 Text Understanding

16 任务 1 New Words & Expressions 任务二 Text Learning

17 New Words 1. embarrass vt. 使局促不安,使不好意思 She was embarrassed when they kept telling her how clever she was. 1 他们不停地说她很聪明, 令她感到很不好意思。 2 She was embarrassed when they asked her age. 他们问她年龄时,她窘得很。 【派生】 embarrassment n. 尴尬 窘迫

18 2. casual a. informal; irregular 随意的,不 关注的;不经常的 New Words Mary wore casual clothes to a party and she found it a pity. 1 玛丽穿着便装去参加晚会,她对此感到遗憾。 Society seems to have an increasingly casual attitude toward divorce. 2 社会对离婚似乎越来越不那么关注了。

19 2. casual a. informal; irregular 随意的,不关 注的;不经常的 New Words To a casual observer, everything seems normal. 3 对于一个粗心的观察者来说,似乎一切看上去都很正 常。 Even casual visitors to the museum could save money with a membership card. 4 参观者只要有博物馆的会员证,即使并不经常去也能 省钱。

20 3. element n. 成分,基本组成部分;要素 New Words Honesty, industry and kindness are elements of a good life. 1 诚实、勤劳和善良是幸福生活的要素。 You must understand the elements of mathematics before we can proceed further. 2 你必须先弄懂数学基础知识, 我们才能进一步学习。 【派生】 elementary a. 初步的,基本的

21 4. interchange n./vt. 交换 交换 New Words An international medical conference was established for the interchange of new ideas and approaches. 1 为了交流新思想、新方法,一个国际性的医疗协会建 立了起来。 The chief interchanged the diamond with some pieces of glass. 2 那首领拿一些玻璃块替换了那些钻石。 【考点】 inter 是英语中常用的一个前缀。再如: interpersonal a. 人 际的 international a. 国际的 interstate a. 洲际的

22 5. obvious a. 显然的,无疑 New Words It was obvious that I knew very little about it. 1 很明显,我对此所知甚少。 There are obvious disadvantages in this plan. 2 这个计划的不足之处是显而易见的。

23 6. convey vt. 传递,表达;运送 New Words Your luggage will be conveyed by helicopter from the airport to the hotel. 1 你的行李将由直升机由机场运到宾馆。 Words fail to convey my idea (meaning). 2 言语无法表达我的想法(意思)。

24 7. quality n. 特性,特征;质量,品质 New Words This company is more concerned with quality than with quantity. 1 这家公司对质量比对产量更重视。 The quality of service in this restaurant has improved a lot. 2 这个饭店的服务质量已经有了很大改善。

25 8. transmit vt. 传送,传递,传输 New Words The World Cup final is being transmitted live to over fifty countries. 1 世界杯决赛现在正向 50 多个国家现场转播。 The tension soon transmitted itself to all the members of the crowd. 2 这种紧张情绪很快感染了人群中所有的人。 【考点】 以前缀 trans 开头的词汇还有很多,如: transaction n. 交 易 transfer n./v. 迁移,移动 transform v. 改变,变化 transatlantic a. 跨越大西洋的

26 9. amazing a. 令人惊异的 New Words We listened to her amazing story with full attention. 1 我们全神贯注地倾听她讲的惊人故事。 It was amazing that he knew nothing about the event. 2 他对这个事件毫不知情,真让人感到诧异。

27 10. gesture n. 手势 vt. 打手势,示意 New Words The teacher pointed to his throat, gesturing fatigue. 1 老师指着喉头,示意自己非常疲劳。 He made faces and gestures at the girl. 2 他对那女孩做鬼脸打手势。

28 11. comprise vt. 包含,包括 New Words The United States is comprised of 50 states. 1 美国是由 50 个州组成的。 The plan comprises two main parts. 2 该计划由两部分组成。 【用法】 be comprised of 由 …… 组成;相当于 consist of, be composed of

29 12. function vi. 起作用 n. 功能 New Words The function of a chairman is to lead and control meetings. 1 主席的职责是主持会议。 The machine will not function properly if it is not kept well. 2 如果没有好好保养,机器就不能顺利运转。 【搭配】 作动词时,可以与 as 连用。 function as something 起 …… 作用, 作 …… 用 This chair can also function as a bed. 这把椅子可以作床 用。

30 13. bound a. 受约束的,有义务的;一定的, 必然的;准备到 …… 去的,开往 …… 的 New Words You’re bound to feel nervous about your interview. 1 要面试了,紧张是肯定的。 You are not legally bound to answer these questions. 2 在法律上,你没有义务非回答这些问题不可。 3 The planes bound for Somalia carry food and medical supplies. 飞往索马里的飞机装载着食品和医疗物资。

31 14. opposite a. 全然不同的,相反的;对面的 New Words The result was quite opposite to what we had expected. 1 结果和我们所期望的完全相反。 He turned away and walked in the opposite direction. 2 他转身朝着相反的方向走了。

32 15. indicate vt. 指出,指明 New Words The arrow on the sign indicates the right way to go. 1 牌子上的箭头指示该走哪条路。 I asked where my sister was and he indicated the shop opposite. 2 我问他我姐姐在哪里,他指指对面的商店。

33 16. position New Words Before the debate, both sides made their positions clear. 1 辩论之前,双方都把自己的观点说清楚。 She carefully positioned the cup on the edge of the shelf. 2 她把杯子小心地放在架子边。 v. 把(某物)放在(某个位置),安置 n. 位置,立场,阵地

34 Phrases and Expressions 1. glance around 环视 Nadine to see if there was anyone that she knew. 纳丁快速环视了一下,看看是否有她认识的人。 glanced around 我环视了一下房间才离开。 I glanced around the room before I left. 12

35 glance v.& n. (give) a quick look 一瞥,瞥视 Phrases and Expressions 她走进房间时,他朝她看了一眼。 12 steel a look/glance 偷偷地看一眼 / 瞥一眼 Nervously, they steal glances at each other, turning away when they see the other one looking back. ( Para.1, L.2~3 ) 他们心里很紧张,偷偷地打量对方,当发现对方 的目光时,又移开。 He gave her a quick glance as she walked into the room.

36 2. pick up 获取,学会;捡起;(车等)中途 搭人 Phrases and Expressions 12 It is quite amazing that Peter has picked up Chinese in a year. 彼得一年就学会了汉语,真让人惊讶。 She kept picking up magazines and putting them down again. 她不断地把那些杂志拿起来又放下。 It is an offence a hitchhiker on a motorway. 在高速公路上让搭便车的人上下车是违反交通规则的。 to pick up or set down 3

37 3. in contrast to 同 …… 相比 Phrases and Expressions 12 His white hair was in sharp contrast to his dark skin. 他的白头发和他的黑皮肤形成鲜明的对比。, the graduation ceremony was quite exciting. 和他枯燥乏味的演讲相比,毕业典礼却很激动人心。 In contrast to his boring speech

38 任务 2 Pre-reading Questions 任务二 Text Learning

39 Pre-reading Questions 1.When studying a foreign language, why should we learn more than just the vocabulary and the grammar? 2.How to make the American “OK” gesture? Why should we use the gesture with caution?

40 1.When studying a foreign language, why should we learn more than just the vocabulary and the grammar? To communicate successfully in speech, you must also learn the non-verbal language, or “body language” of that culture. “Body language” is a term used to describe facial expressions, gestures, and other movements of the body that send messages. Pre-reading Questions Sample

41 Nonverbal elements form a major part of any communication interchange. Some people would say it’s the most important part. According to one study, words convey only 7 percent of a person’s message. Intonation and voice quality communicate 38 percent, and nonverbal cues transmit an amazing 55 percent. That means people pick up more from nonverbal communication than from words. Pre-reading Questions

42 2.How to make the American “OK” gesture? Why should we use the gesture with caution? Americans often indicate “OK” with their thumb and forefinger touching to form a circle. The same gesture means “money” to the Japanese and “zero” to the French. For that reason, people in a foreign culture must use gestures with caution. Pre-reading Questions Sample

43 任务 3 Text Structure 任务二 Text Learning

44 Text Structure Part One Introduction—a bridge in story about nonverbal communication. Part Two The function of gesture and its varied meaning in different culture. Part Three The importance of nonverbal communication. (Para.1~2): (Para.3): (Para.4):

45 任务 4 Text Understanding 任务二 Text Learning

46 Text Understanding Nonverbal Communication Para. 1Para. 2 Para. 3Para. 4

47 The boy and girl glance around the crowded room. Their eyes meet. Embarrassed, they look away. Nervously, they steal glances at each other, turning away when they see the other one looking back. The boy acts cool, crossing his legs and affecting a casual air—even though his heart is beating wildly. The girl, obviously fallen in love, is afraid the boy will see her looking at him. A few seconds pass. He looks at her again. She starts to blush. He nervously looks at the ceiling and whistles softly to himself. They continue their cat-and-mouse game for a seemingly endless period of time. Will they ever talk to each other? Paragraph

48 The fact is, they have already communicated a lot, without saying anything. Nonverbal elements form a major part of any communication interchange. Some people would say it’s the most important part. According to one study, words convey only 7 percent of a person’s message. Intonation and voice quality communicate 38 percent, and nonverbal cues transmit an amazing 55 percent. That means people pick up more from nonverbal communication than from words. When studying a foreign culture then, it makes sense to pay attention to how people use nonverbal cues. Paragraph 2 3

49 Gestures comprise a major form of nonverbal communication. In contrast to sign language, used by deaf people to communicate messages, gestures function as visual icons which represent a single idea. But often these gestures are embarrassingly culture- bound. For example, when the Maoris of New Zealand stick out their tongue at someone, it is a sign of respect. When American schoolchildren make the same gesture, it means just the opposite. Also, Americans often indicate “OK” with their thumb and forefinger touching to form a circle. The same gesture means “money” to the Japanese and “zero” to the French. For that reason, people in a foreign culture must use gestures with caution. Paragraph 3

50 Considering the influence of nonverbal communication, we never really stop communicating. How we walk, how we stand, how we use our hands, how we position our bodies, how we show emotions—all send a message to others. That’s why it’s possible, as the saying goes, to “read someone like a book”. And if you read the person right, as the boy and girl in the crowded room later discovered, it just might turn into a love story. Paragraph 4 4

51 Para 1: 1.What does the cat-and-mouse game refer to? It refers to the fact that they steal glances at each other, turning away when they see the other one looking back. Questions

52 Para 2: 1.Why should we pay attention to how people use nonverbal cues when studying a foreign culture? Nonverbal elements form a major part of any communication interchange and people pick up more from nonverbal communication than from words. Questions

53 Para 3: 1.Why must people in a foreign culture use gestures with caution? Because gestures are often embarrassingly culture-bound. The same gesture may carry with it totally different meanings in different cultures. Questions

54 Para 4: 1.Why is it possible to “read someone like a book”? Because considering the influence of nonverbal communication, we never really stop communicating. Whatever we do, we send a message to others. Questions

55 Sentence Study 1.Embarrassed, they looked away. ( Para.1, L.2 ) embarrassed a. feeling uneasy 难堪的,尴尬 的。这里是过去分词作状语,表示原因。 解析: 文中随后多处用了分词或分词短语作状 语或宾语补足语,注意它们的用法。如:

56 1.Embarrassed, they looked away. ( Para.1, L.2 ) 例句: Sentence Study They steal glances at each other, turning away when they see the other one looking back. ( Para.1, L.2~3 ) 他们偷偷打量对方,当看到对方的目光时,又移 开。 turning away 为现在分词短语作状语,表示伴随。 Looking back 为现在分词短语作宾语补足语。又 如: 译文: The boy acts cool, crossing his legs and affecting a casual air— even though his heart is beating wildly. ( Para.1, L.4~5 ) 男孩子显得很酷,叉着双腿,装出一副很随意的 样子,其实心里在怦怦跳。 even though 引导让步状语; crossing his leg and affecting a casual air 为现在分词短语,表伴随。 air 此处意思是 “ 神态,样子 ” 。 The girl, obviously fallen in love, is afraid the boy will see her looking at him. ( Para.1, L.7 ) 很显然,女孩子已经对男孩子动了心,害怕男孩 子发现自己在打量他。 fallen in love 为过去分词短语作状语,表示状态。 他们感到不自在,就把目光转向它处。

57 请完成下列句子: 有人看到疑犯在下午 3 点进入那幢大楼。 The suspect the building at 15 : 00 hours. was seen entering The students ran out of the classroom, ___________ ______ (有说有笑地)., the young trees could have grown better., he decided to write another letter. 多照料一下的话,这些小树苗本可以长得更好的。 没有收到回信,于是他决定再写一封信。 laughing and Given more attention Not having received the answer talking

58 cat-and-mouse game 猫捉老鼠的游戏 2.They continue their cat-and-mouse game for a seemingly endless period of time. (Para.1, L.8~9) Sentence Study 解析: seemingly ad. appearing to have a particular quality, something not true 似乎, 好像是

59 2.They continue their cat-and-mouse game for a seemingly endless period of time. (Para.1, L.8~9) Sentence Study 例句: The road was dusty and seemingly endless. 路上尘土飞扬,似乎没有尽头。 译文:他们这种猫捉老鼠的游戏似乎要持续下去, 难以结束。

60 Sentence Study 3.When studying a foreign culture then, it makes sense to pay attention to how people use nonverbal cues. ( Para.2, L.8~9 ) 句中 it 为形式主语,真正的主语是后面的不 定式短语 to pay attention to… 。 when doing sth. 表示假定情况,意思是 “ 只 要 …… ,如果 …… ” 。如: 解析:

61 3.When studying a foreign culture then, it makes sense to pay attention to how people use nonverbal cues. ( Para.2, L.8~9 ) Sentence Study 例句: When using gestures , it makes sense to express your ideas in the right way. 当用手势时,要用正确的方式表达你的意思才妥 当。 译文: 我们学习外国文化时,关注人们如何运用 非语言手段显得非常重要。

62 4.That’s why it’s possible, as the saying goes, to “read someone like a book”. (Para.4, L.4~5 ) Sentence Study 解析: As the sayings goes: “The early bird catches the worm.” as the saying goes 常言道,正如俗话所说 译文:正如俗语所说的好,是能够 “ 像读书一样解读 一个人 ” 的。 就像谚语说的一样: “ 早起的鸟儿有虫吃或:捷足先 登。 ” 例句:

63 任务三 Exercises  任务 1 Reading Comprehension 任务 1 Reading Comprehension  任务 2 Vocabulary 任务 2 Vocabulary

64 Reading Comprehension 1.Directions: Read through the text and determine whether the following statements are true or false. Write “T” for true and “F” for false before each statement. ___ 1) The boy was sure that the girl had fallen in love with him. ___ 2) Verbal elements are more important in communication than nonverbal ones. F F

65 ____3) If you want to learn about a foreign culture, it is not necessary to pay attention to people’s nonverbal communication skills. ____ 4) Body language can help deaf people to express themselves more easily. ____ 5) We can conclude from the text that the same gesture has the same meaning in different countries. F F T

66 2. Directions: In this exercise, there are five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best answers the question or completes the statement according to the text. 1)What can we learn from the text about the boy and the girl? A. They have already fallen in love. B. They know each other well. C. They don’t want to learn more about each other. D. They both show much interest in each other. Reading Comprehension √

67 2) How do they communicate with each other without even talking? A. They communicate with each other with a smile B. They write letters to each other. C. They communicate with each other by avoiding direct eye-contact. D. They communicate with each other by using hands. 3) Which of the following has the same meaning as the italicized word in the sentence “Gestures comprise a major form of nonverbal communication”(Para.3, L.1 )? A. Function. B. Consist. C. Mean. D. Form. √ √

68 4) We express our opinions by using nonverbal ways EXCEPT by. A. staring at something B. laughing or crying C. delivering a speech D. crossing our legs when talking to others 5 ) Why do we often use nonverbal communication methods ? A. Because we want to love others. B. Because we do not know how to use verbal communication methods. C. Because we can understand each other better by using nonverbal methods. D. Because we don’t want to express our opinions the other way. √ √

69 3. Directions: The following is the summary of the text. Listen carefully and fill in the blanks with the missing words. Nonverbal communication is so important that we may actually say more with our 1)___________ than we do with 2)________. The boy and the girl in the story, though never talked to each other, have already 3)_____________ a lot. According to one study, nonverbal cues transmit an 4)________ 55 percent of a person’s message, while words and intonation only 7 and 38 percent 5)___________. Reading Comprehension movements words communicated amazing respectively

70 Gestures 6)__________ a major form of nonverbal communication. But they are often embarrassingly culture-bound. The same American “OK” 7)________ may mean quite differently in different cultures. And considering the 8)________ of nonverbal communication, we never really stop communicating. Reading Comprehension influence comprise gesture

71 Vocabulary 1.Directions: In this exercise, there are ten sentences. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. 1) Running your own business usually ___ working long hours.. A. joins B. communicates C. involves D. connects 2) This is the most important ___ of the film. A. group B. element C. one D. stage √ √

72 3) Great Britain ___ three parts: England, Scotland and Wales. A. owns B. consists C. comprises D. represents 4) It’s not a problem; it just ___ we can’t use this information. A. influences B. makes C. means D. points 5) Most experts can ___ an expensive diamond from a cheap one. A. say B. tell C. understand D. convey √ √ √ Vocabulary

73 6) I am ___ at the moment for I can’t find the lost dog. A. nervous B. angry C. happy D. confident 7) Can you spare a few ___ to answer some questions? A. periods B. moments C. weeks D. decades 8) It is necessary for merchants to ___ news from all sources. A.represent B. pick up C. turn into D. make sense √ √ √

74 9) Reports from hospitals_______ that over 30 people died in the earthquake. A. set B. settle down C. position D. indicate 10) On Sunday, members of the Labor Union held a meeting for the ___ of information. A. game B. competition C. sense D. interchange √ √ Vocabulary

75 2.Directions: Fill in each blank with a proper word or phrase given below. Each word or phrase can be used only once. Change the form where necessary. amazing blush Vocabulary influencebindamazingembarrass blushcasualtransmitstick out cuewhistle 1) The rocket moves with ________ speed. 2) After hearing his father’s words, he turned away to hide his _______.

76 3) I don’t feel _______ to give you the chance to go to study abroad. 4) When we play cards, he makes a ______ remark that he will take a long trip to Tibet. 5) We were ___________ when the nurse told us to take away the barking dog. 6) At the _____ of the ringing bell, students began to feel tired of the two-hour class. cue bound casual embarrased Vocabulary

77 7) I believe that economy has great __________ on society. 8) It’s quite rude to _________ your tongue to the visitors. 9) We can hear the ______ of train from long distance. 10) I have never missed any World Cup, which is __________ live to all over the World. transmitted influence stick out whistle Vocabulary

78 3.Directions: Fill in each blank with a proper preposition or adverb. Vocabulary 1) He picked ________ French while he was staying in Paris. 2) I waved to him but he looked ________, pretending not to see me. 3) When her mother was ill, the girl had to function ________ both cook and nurse. 4) John is going to turn the garage ________ a playroom for the children. 5) Learning ___________ in my chair, I glanced _____________ the room and then looked ________ the window. out of/at up away as into back/forward around/about

79 4.Directions: Complete the following sentences by putting the Chinese given in the brackets into English. Vocabulary 1)He _______________________ (偷偷地看了 女孩几眼). 2) It ______________ (是明智的) to keep healthy. stole glances at the girl makes sense

80 3) ___________________ (与植物不同), animals can move freely. 4) __________________ (俗话说得好), you are never too old to learn. 5) This experiment __________________ (证明) that milk __________________________ (起 重要作用) in children’s growth. Vocabulary In contrast to plants As the saying goes indicates/indicated plays/played an important role


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