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ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Four: Chapter 17 complement implement discreet impromptu fastidious inference flout intuition heinousobtrusive

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 complement Complement means A. to go perfectly with. B. to reach out for. C. to overpower. The new singer’s voice complemented the other voices, rounding out the group’s sound. A red tie would complement Pedro’s gray suit and white shirt, giving the outfit a needed touch of color. – verb

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Complement means A. to go perfectly with. B. to reach out for. C. to overpower. The new singer’s voice complemented the other voices, rounding out the group’s sound. A red tie would complement Pedro’s gray suit and white shirt, giving the outfit a needed touch of color. If the new singer’s voice rounds out the group’s sound, it must go perfectly with the other voices. If a red tie would give Pedro’s outfit the needed touch of color, it would go perfectly with his outfit. 1 complement – verb

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 discreet – adjective Discreet means A. honest. B. cautious. C. obvious. Once the teacher realized Jared could not read well, she made discreet efforts to give him extra help. She didn’t want to embarrass him in front of his classmates. “Be discreet about these drawings, Wilson,” the boss said. “Don’t show them to just anyone. We don’t want another company stealing our designs”

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Discreet means A. honest. B. cautious. C. obvious. Once the teacher realized Jared could not read well, she made discreet efforts to give him extra help. She didn’t want to embarrass him in front of his classmates. “Be discreet about these drawings, Wilson,” the boss said. “Don’t show them to just anyone. We don’t want another company stealing our designs” If the teacher didn’t want to embarrass Jared, she would be cautious in her efforts to give him extra help. Since the boss doesn’t want the designs stolen, he warns Wilson to be cautious about showing the drawings to others. 2 discreet – adjective

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 fastidious Tilly was a fastidious housekeeper who vacuumed every day, dusted twice a day, and never allowed so much as a pencil or safety pin to be out of place. A fastidious dresser, Mr. Lapp never leaves his home without looking as if he has just stepped out of a fashion magazine. – adjective Fastidious means A. working quickly. B. having insight. C. very particular.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Tilly was a fastidious housekeeper who vacuumed every day, dusted twice a day, and never allowed so much as a pencil or safety pin to be out of place. A fastidious dresser, Mr. Lapp never leaves his home without looking as if he has just stepped out of a fashion magazine. Fastidious means A. working quickly. B. having insight. C. very particular. If Tilly vacuums every day, dusts twice a day, and never lets anything be out of place, she must be a very particular housekeeper. If Mr. Lapp always looks as if he just stepped out of a fashion magazine, he must be a very particular dresser. 3 fastidious – adjective

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT My neighbors were evicted from their apartment because they flouted the building’s rules. They threw trash in the hallway, had loud all- night parties, and just laughed at anyone who complained. The men in the warehouse are flouting regulations about eating on the job. Wastebaskets are filled with sandwich wrappers and empty chip, pretzel, and nacho bags. 4 flout Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Flout means A. to mock and defy. B. to put into effect. C. to show off. – verb Photo: Kenneth Allen Flouting a “No Parking” sign

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT My neighbors were evicted from their apartment because they flouted the building’s rules. They threw trash in the hallway, had loud all- night parties, and just laughed at anyone who complained. The men in the warehouse are flouting regulations about eating on the job. Wastebaskets are filled with sandwich wrappers and empty chip, pretzel, and nacho bags. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Flout means A. to mock and defy. B. to put into effect. C. to show off. The evicted neighbors’ actions show they mocked and defied the building’s rules. The items found in the wastebaskets show that the men mock and defy the regulations about eating. 4 flout – verb Photo: Kenneth Allen Flouting a “No Parking” sign

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Heinous means A. wicked. B. unplanned. C. detailed. 5 heinous – adjective The child murderer’s final heinous act was taunting the victim’s father as the guilty verdict was announced. Millions of people were shocked recently by news reports of a heinous act: a woman had locked her little daughter in the basement and starved her to death.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Heinous means A. wicked. B. unplanned. C. detailed. The child murderer’s final heinous act was taunting the victim’s father as the guilty verdict was announced. Millions of people were shocked recently by news reports of a heinous act: a woman had locked her little daughter in the basement and starved her to death. Taunting the murdered child’s father is a wicked act. Locking one’s daughter up and starving her to death is a wicked act. 5 heinous – adjective

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Implement means A. to recall. B. to put into effect. C. to criticize. NASA expects to implement its plan for a mission to Mars in Brett is full of ideas about starting his own business, but he never follows through and implements them. 6 implement – verb

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Implement means A. to recall. B. to put into effect. C. to criticize. NASA expects to implement its plan for a mission to Mars in Brett is full of ideas about starting his own business, but he never follows through and implements them. NASA would expect to put its plan into effect. If Brett never follows through, he never puts his ideas into effect. 6 implement – verb

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Impromptu means A. not rehearsed. B. not very good. C. very quiet. My speech at my cousin’s birthday dinner was impromptu; I hadn’t expected to be called on to say anything. When Maya discovered that she and Barry had both brought guitars to the party, she suggested an impromptu duet. 7 impromptu – adjective

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Impromptu means A. not rehearsed. B. not very good. C. very quiet. My speech at my cousin’s birthday dinner was impromptu; I hadn’t expected to be called on to say anything. When Maya discovered that she and Barry had both brought guitars to the party, she suggested an impromptu duet. If the person hadn’t expected to speak, his or her speech would not be rehearsed. If Maya hadn’t known Barry was bringing his guitar, their duet would not be rehearsed. 7 impromptu – adjective

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Inference means A. a statement. B. a conclusion. C. a secret. Ruby said with a wink, “Did you notice how Uncle Joe’s hair has miraculously grown back?” My inference was that he was wearing a toupee. “Where did you buy these pork chops?” asked Harry. “Why? What’s wrong with them?” Maria asked, making the inference that he didn’t like them. 8 inference – noun

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Inference means A. a statement. B. a conclusion. C. a secret. Ruby said with a wink, “Did you notice how Uncle Joe’s hair has miraculously grown back?” My inference was that he was wearing a toupee. “Where did you buy these pork chops?” asked Harry. “Why? What’s wrong with them?” Maria asked, making the inference that he didn’t like them. Ruby’s comment and wink lead to the conclusion the Uncle Joe was wearing a toupee. Maria’s questions suggest she has drawn the conclusion that Harry doesn’t like the pork chops. 8 inference – noun

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Intuition means A. careful study. B. memory. C. instinct. “I paint by intuition,” the artist said. “In a flash, I see how a work should look. I don’t really think it out.” “The minute I met your mother,” my father said, “my intuition told me that we’d get married someday.” 9 intuition – noun

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Intuition means A. careful study. B. memory. C. instinct. “I paint by intuition,” the artist said. “In a flash, I see how a work should look. I don’t really think it out.” “The minute I met your mother,” my father said, “my intuition told me that we’d get married someday.” If the artist doesn’t think out his paintings, he must paint by instinct. If the man knew from the moment he met the woman that he was going to marry her, his instinct must have told him so. 9 intuition – noun

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Obtrusive means A. overly obvious. B. unplanned. C. greatly improved. 10 obtrusive The huge, sprawling new mall seemed obtrusive in the quiet little country town. My brother’s stutter is often hardly noticeable, but when he is nervous or in a hurry, it can become obtrusive. – adjective A mask with an obtrusive nose

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Obtrusive means A. overly obvious. B. unplanned. C. greatly improved. The huge, sprawling new mall seemed obtrusive in the quiet little country town. My brother’s stutter is often hardly noticeable, but when he is nervous or in a hurry, it can become obtrusive. In contrast with the quiet little country town, the huge sprawling mall would seem overly obvious. In contrast with the stutter being hardly noticeable, under some circumstances it can be overly obvious. A mask with an obtrusive nose 10 obtrusive – adjective

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.Rachel’s __________ told her not to date a man who kept tropical fish in his bathtub. 2.After Rudy _______(e)d his 11 p.m. curfew—breezing in at 2 a.m. with a cheerful “Hi, folks!”—his parents took away his car keys for a month. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. complementB. discreetC. fastidiousD. floutE.heinous F. implementG. impromptuH. inferenceI. intuitionJ. obtrusive

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.Rachel’s __________ told her not to date a man who kept tropical fish in his bathtub. 2.After Rudy __________ his 11 p.m. curfew—breezing in at 2 a.m. with a cheerful “Hi, folks!”—his parents took away his car keys for a month. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. complementB. discreetC. fastidiousD. floutE.heinous F. implementG. impromptuH. inferenceI. intuitionJ. obtrusive Rachel’s instinctive knowledge would tell her not to date such a man. Rudy’s attitude shows he was mocking and defying the curfew. intuition flouted

25 3.In the American system of justice, anyone charged with a crime, no matter how _________ the offense, is entitled to be defended by a lawyer. SENTENCE CHECK 1 4.The _________ press conference turned out to be a bad idea. The senator should have planned his remarks beforehand. 5.“Loose lips sink ships” was a famous World War II slogan. It warned Americans to be _________ and not say anything that might reveal military plans. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. complementB. discreetC. fastidiousD. floutE.heinous F. implementG. impromptuH. inferenceI. intuitionJ. obtrusive

26 3.In the American system of justice, anyone charged with a crime, no matter how _________ the offense, is entitled to be defended by a lawyer. SENTENCE CHECK 1 4.The _________ press conference turned out to be a bad idea. The senator should have planned his remarks beforehand. 5.“Loose lips sink ships” was a famous World War II slogan. It warned Americans to be _________ and not say anything that might reveal military plans. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. complementB. discreetC. fastidiousD. floutE.heinous F. implementG. impromptuH. inferenceI. intuitionJ. obtrusive heinous impromptu discreet Anyone charged is entitled to a lawyer, no matter how evil the crime. If the senator didn’t plan his remarks, they were not rehearsed. Americans were warned to be cautious and not accidentally reveal military plans.

27 6.To __________ their plan for a surprise attack on the girls’ club, the boys needed squirt guns and a gallon of grape juice. SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.The writer Ernest Hemingway had a “tough guy” image but was __________ about using words; he rewrote the ending of one novel forty-four times. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. complementB. discreetC. fastidiousD. floutE.heinous F. implementG. impromptuH. inferenceI. intuitionJ. obtrusive

28 6.To __________ their plan for a surprise attack on the girls’ club, the boys needed squirt guns and a gallon of grape juice. SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.The writer Ernest Hemingway had a “tough guy” image but was __________ about using words; he rewrote the ending of one novel forty-four times. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. complementB. discreetC. fastidiousD. floutE.heinous F. implementG. impromptuH. inferenceI. intuitionJ. obtrusive Without squirt guns and grape juice, they could not carry out the attack. If he rewrote the ending forty-four times, he must have been very fussy about using words. implement fastidious

29 9.Alicia signed her card to Manuel “Warm regards.” Manuel’s __________ was that she meant “I feel only warm regards, not love.” 8.Wendy is an excellent hair stylist, because she doesn’t just cut hair. She also advises her customers about which hairstyle will __________ their features. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. complementB. discreetC. fastidiousD. floutE.heinous F. implementG. impromptuH. inferenceI. intuitionJ. obtrusive 10.The new partition between the restaurant’s smoking and nonsmoking sections looks __________. Some plants or flowers might help it blend in better.

30 9.Alicia signed her card to Manuel “Warm regards.” Manuel’s __________ was that she meant “I feel only warm regards, not love.” 10.The new partition between the restaurant’s smoking and nonsmoking sections looks __________. Some plants or flowers might help it blend in better. 8.Wendy is an excellent hair stylist, because she doesn’t just cut hair. She also advises her customers about which hairstyle will __________ their features. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. complementB. discreetC. fastidiousD. floutE.heinous F. implementG. impromptuH. inferenceI. intuitionJ. obtrusive complement inference obtrusive Wendy would suggest a hairstyle that would add to the client’s features. Manuel makes an assumption about what Alicia’s words mean. If the partition does not blend in, it must be undesirably noticeable.


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