Technical Learn Teach Do Artistic Search Gather Obsess Creative Dream Create Inspire Skills to turn Wood in to Art!! T C A If you hold a cat by the tail you learn things you cannot learn any other way. Mark Twain Mark Twain They who dream by day are cognizant of many things which escape those who dream only by night. Edgar Allan Poe Edgar Allan Poe Creativity is allowing oneself to make mistakes. Art is knowing which ones to keep. Howard Aiken Howard Aiken Picasso Ansel Adams Toyota
DESIGN “a design” (noun) refers to a plan for the construction of an object (as in architectural blueprints, circuit diagrams and sewing patterns) and “to design” (verb) refers to making this plan. However, one can also design by directly constructing an object (as in pottery, or graphic design).architectural blueprintscircuit diagramssewing patternspottery graphic design a plan for the construction of an object or design by directly constructing an object.
From Wikipedia: Principles of design The principles of design govern the relationships of the elements used and organize the composition as a whole. The principles of design are as varied as attitudes regarding modern design. They differ both between the schools of thought that influence design, and between individual practicing designers. The principles of design consist of: Design elements and principles describe fundamental ideas about the practice of good visual design that are assumed to be the basis of all intentional visual design strategies. Some Elements of design are: Design methods Despite the design rules and guidelines, the designer still has to make an attractive design, and perhaps using some of these methods. Design by experimentation: experimenting with different shapes, materials, sizes of shapes to optimize functionality and aesthetics of design. Design by modification: modifying an existing design to improve the aesthetics and functionality of a design. Design by chance: for example scribbling some lines and curves randomly with a pencil on a piece of paper then choose a shape outline seen in it that may be used as a wood table top. Design by sketching: sketches and drawings can be easily modified. Design using a mood board: photographs of lamps and couches, paint swatches, wood samples, textile samples, and room sketches can be placed on the mood board to help visualize a room design. Design in the mind: visualize pleasing designs of rooms and houses in the mind. Design with "direct" method: direct is abbreviation for describe, investigate, record, evaluate, construct, and try. Site recomeded by Gorst http://www.stwt.org/tompkins_design.pdf http://www.westbaywoodturners.com/tutorial/pdf_files/Woodturning_Design.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Design_elements_and_principles UnityFunctionalityVariety (alternation) HarmonyProximityEmphasis (dominance or focal point) ContrastLightingProportion (scale) RepetitionColor theoryDe-cluttering (organization and harmonization of accessories) Space +-ColorForm ShapeTextureLine
a d c e m midpoint of dc b f "fc" is to "dc" as 1 is to 1.618
3in x 5 in 3in Cube Golden Ratio 1.618034 X small = large 0.618034 X whole = large 0.381966 X whole = small ~3/8 ~5/8 add the golden ratio triangle on this page 1 0.618034 0.381966 1.618034 X 3 = 5 and 0.618034 X 8 = 5 0.618034 X 5 = 3 and 0.381966 X 8 = 3 Proportion Golden Rule of Thumb
Determining Proportions for the Artist Art Scott's Method
Process Reality or My Design Method Select The Wood Select The Mounting Select The Orientation Select The Shape or Form Select The Base or Foot Select The Wall thickness Select The Lid and/or Finial Select The Surface Treatments Select The Finish What Else?
CRITIQUE The term critique is derived from the Greek term kritikē (κριτική), meaning "the art of discerning", that is, discerning the value of persons or things. Key Words: Discerning Value “Criticism may not be agreeable, but it is necessary. It fulfils the same function as pain in the human body. It calls attention to an unhealthy state of things." Winston Churchill
Critique Questions? What is the first thing I noticed? FinishColorFigure FormGrainSurface Treatment Specific FeaturePositive Space Negative Space What Are my first impressions? HeavyAmbivalenceProportion LightElegantUniqueness NiceBeautifulWOW Too MuchToo Little Copy BalancedClean Lines Size What is the focus? PracticalArtisticCreative WhimsyContestRequest What Techniques Were Used? TraditionalModifiedDeveloped Finish?
Self Critique Record Design Record DimensionsAppropriate sizes Width____ Depth ____ Diameter ____ Thickness____ Opening____ OrientationGrain, Figure, Spalting Main feature? Surface:Torn Grain or Surfaces, Bruised Surfaces, Sanding marks, Tool Marks Texture:Applied, Appropriate for the form, Consistent, Spalting Surface Treatments Carving, Chatter, Color, Burned, Other Design featuresFlow of line, Radius curves, continuous accelerating curves, Flat spots or bumps, clean lines, well defined transitions, finial, lid ThicknessConsistency, Appropriate for the design, BalanceSymmetrical to lopsided, accidental or intended ProportionGolden Ratio, 1/3 Ratio, Symmetrical, skewed, 3 to 8 or 5 to 8 Form/Shape Organic, Manufactured, Sterile, Dark, Funny, Unique, Flat, Perky StyleConsistency, Appropriate Elements, or Reproduction Finish: Sealer __________ 1 st Coat ________ Additional Coats #___________ Even/ConsistentFlat Glossy Semi gloss Other Other Comments/Notes: Title: ______________________________Number: _________ Date: ____________ Signed For Sale Gift Trash Whimsy Donation/Contest Wood ID: _____________________ Description: __________________________________ Origin of Form/Idea: ___________________________________________________________ Sculptural, Conceptual, Narrative (Message): ____________________________________________________________________________ Process (circle all that apply) Mounting: Between centersFace plateScrew Chuck Scroll Chuck Other Secondary:Between centers Face plateScrew Chuck Scroll Chuck Other Reverse:Between centers Face plateScrew Chuck Scroll Chuck Other
Self Critique Record Design Record Dimensions Width____ Depth ____ Diameter ____ Thickness____ Opening____ Orientation Surface: Texture: Design features Thickness Balance Proportion Form/Shape Style Finish: Sealer __________ 1 st Coat ________ Additional Coats #___________ Even/ConsistentFlat Glossy Semi gloss Other Other Comments/Notes: Title: ______________________________Number: _________ Date: ____________ Signed For Sale Gift Trash Whimsy Donation/Contest Wood ID: _____________________ Description: __________________________________ Origin of Form/Idea: ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Process (circle all that apply) Mounting: Between centersFace plateScrew Chuck Scroll Chuck Other Secondary:Between centers Face plateScrew Chuck Scroll Chuck Other Reverse:Between centers Face plateScrew Chuck Scroll Chuck Other