Presentation on theme: "RELIGION. Ch 6.1 Bellwork Based on what you have read in Ch 6.1, explain the difference between universalizing and ethnic religions. Give 3 examples of."— Presentation transcript:
Ch 6.1 LG = Students will be able to explain the difference between universalizing and ethnic religions and examples of each. 4 - I can explain at least four differences between universalizing and ethnic religions and give 3 examples of each. 3 - I can explain at least three differences between universalizing and ethnic religions and give 2 examples of each. 2 - I can explain at least two differences between universalizing and ethnic religions and give 1 example of each. 1 – I’m not sure what the difference is between universalizing and ethnic religions.
Definition of Religion A set of beliefs and practices, a social system, through which people seek mental and physical harmony with the powers of the universe, through which we attempt to influence the awesome forces of nature, life, and death. Jordan & Rowntree
Geography of Religion FOCUS Geographers study religion because it is an essential part of how people live and interact with each other and with their environment. Focus on “where” and “why,” not beliefs Focus on the differences between religions to understand spatial connections Look at the origin and diffusion of religions Globalization vs local diversity
Geography of Religion Religion has several geographic aspects: Religion is fundamental to many cultures. Some religions vary in their distributions: some are widespread; others are very limited in distribution. Religions are important in the organization of space. Most religions require active participation or loyalty; adopting one religion usually means giving up all others. Religions may spread by both relocation and expansion diffusion.
Classification of Religions CONGREGATION Spirit of Joy, St. Luke… RELIGION Christianity, Islam, Buddhism… BRANCH Protestant, Catholic, Orthodox DENOMINATION Lutheran, Methodist Baptist…
Classification of Religions Taxonomy (like kingdom-phylum-class-order…) RELIGION (i.e. Christianity, Islam, Buddhism) BRANCH (i.e. Protestant, Catholic, Orthodox) DENOMINATION (i.e. Lutheran, Baptist) (sect is a break away from a denomination, could be a “cult”) CONGREGATION (i.e. “Spirit of Joy”) (also known as a parish, ward, coven…)
Important Vocabulary Monotheism - belief in one deity Polytheism belief in many deities Animism belief that everything is “animate” (has a spirit). This may or may not include “deities” (could include ancestors, spirits…) Think of “Pocahontas.”
DO NOT believe that any god exists BELIEVE in god(s) WEAK or NO evidence for the existence of god(s), so can’t be certain god(s) exists BELIEVES there is enough evidence to prove the existence of god(s)
6.1 Where are Religions Distributed? A.Universalizing Religions - seek out new members, appeals to a wide variety of people B.Ethnic Religions – are unique to particular ethnic groups who generally don’t seek out new members
A. Universalizing Religions - seek out new members Christianity Largest, >2 bill, most widespread of all religions, mostly in N. and S. America, Europe, Australia BRANCHES: Roman Catholic (52%) Protestant (21%) Eastern Orthodox (10%)
Christianity 90% of people in WESTERN hemisphere profess Christianity, largest religion in world R. Catholic – 93% in Latin America - 29% in N. America (SW & NE) Protestant - 28% of USA’s population - Baptists in SE - Lutherans in upper Midwest - Mormons in Utah & area around - Methodists band across Midwest