Presentation on theme: "KI 1: Where are religions distributed?"— Presentation transcript:
1KI 1: Where are religions distributed? Ch. 6—ReligionKI 1: Where are religions distributed?
2List what you think are the most widespread religions in the world (Top 4 in order) and where you think they are distributed throughout the world.
3Where are Religions Distributed? The tension in scale between globalization and local diversity is especially acute in religionPeople draw their core values and beliefs from religionSome religions are designed to appeal to all people, others are designed to appeal to people in different geographic areasReligious values help organize our cultural landscapesMost religions require exclusive adherence (we can learn other languages and still speak our native language)Migrants take their religions with them and they retain those religions
4Universalizing Religions Attempt to be global and appeal to all peopleAbout 58% of the world practices a universalizing religion3 main: Christianity, Islam, BuddhismEach of the three is divided into branches, denominations, and sectsMany of the statistics from the chapter are controversial because countries like the United States do not keep an official count of religious membership
5Christianity More adherents than any other religion—over 2 Billion Most widespread distribution—predominant religion in North America, South America, Europe, and Australia, there are countries in Africa and Asia with a Christian majority3 major branches:Roman Catholic (51%)Protestant (24%)Orthodox (11%)14% belong to churches that do not fit into one of the 3 branches
9IslamReligion of 1.3 Billion people—predominant religion in Middle East from North Africa to Central AsiaAbout half of the world’s Muslims live in 4 countries outside Middle East—Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and IndiaThe word Islam in Arabic means “submission to the will of God”Adherents of Islam are known as Muslim5 pillars of faith:There is no god worthy of worship except the one God, the source of all creation, and Muhammad is the messenger of God.5 times daily, a Muslim prays, facing the city of Mecca as a direct link to GodA Muslim gives generously to charity as an act of purification and growthA Muslim fasts during the month of Ramadan as an act of self-purificationIf physically and financially able, a Muslim makes a pilgrimage to Makkah (Mecca)
10Islam Divided into two branches: Sunni- 83% Shiite- 16%, most live in Iran (90% of Iranians and more than 50% of Iraq)Muslim population in Europe and North America has increased rapidly in recent timesFrance has largest population of Muslims in Europe because of immigration from former colonies in North Africa
14BuddhismNearly 400 million adherents—mainly in China and Southeast Asia4 Noble Truths:All living beings must endure sufferingSuffering, which is caused by a desire to live, leads to reincarnationThe goal of all existence is to escape from suffering and the endless cycle of reincarnation into Nirvana, which is achieved through mental and moral self-purificationNirvana is attained through an Eightfold Path, which includes rightness of belief, resolve, speech, action, livelihood, effort, thought, and meditationBuddhism differs from Christianity and Islam because adherents of Buddhism can also practice other Ethnic Religions (it does not require exclusive adherence)Religious functions are practiced mostly by Monks rather than the general public (vs. going to Church or to a Mosque)
15Ethnic ReligionsHinduism—world’s 3rd largest religion, over 900 million adherents97% of Hindus are concentrated in IndiaMost of remainder in Nepal and isolated groups in other Southeast Asian countries (ex. Indonesia)Hindus believe individuals decide the best way to worship God—you choose your own path as long as you are true to yourselfHinduism does not have a central authority figure or holy book70% of Hindus worship Vishnu, 26% Siva
16Other Ethnic Religions Outline the following religions in your notes:ConfucianismDaoism (Taoism)ShintoismJudaismEthnic African Religions