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Chapter 6 Positive Messages.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 Positive Messages."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 6 Positive Messages

2 Routine Letters and Goodwill Messages (p. 142-143)
Letters are primarily external documents Sent to: Suppliers Government agencies Other businesses Customers (most important) The most emphatic positions in letters are the openings and closings Good for the following: Creating a permanent record Lending confidentiality Conveying formality and sensitivity Delivering persuasive, well-considered messages

3 Direct Requests and Response Messages (p. 144-146)
Opening Opening and closing are most emphatic positions Ask the most important question first or express a polite command (in the form of a rhetorical question. Do not use a question mark.) Body Explain request logically and courteously Ask other questions if necessary Use graphic highlighting to increase readability

4 Closing (see p. 146 for tips)
Request a specific action with an end date, if appropriate, and show appreciation End courteously Avoid clichéd closings Thank you for your cooperation, (trite) Thanking you in advance, (trite and presumptuous) If you have any questions, (suggests your message wasn’t clear)

5 Responding to Requests (p. 146-148)
Written in response to requests for information or action May include a Subject Line below the salutation to identify previous correspondence and/or refer to the main idea (optional in a memo)

6 Opening Deliver the most important information first
Avoid wordy, drawn-out openings Announce good news immediately

7 Body Closing Check facts and figures carefully (if appropriate)
Arrange information logically Use graphic highlighting to increase readability Explain and clarify information Provide additional information (if appropriate) Build goodwill Closing End pleasantly, and offer help to the reader Avoid clichéd closings

8 Instruction Messages (p. 148-150)
Follow direct organizational strategy Use plain English Be clear Outline steps to be taken to complete a task

9 Writing Plan (p. 148): Subject Line: Briefly summarizes message
Opening: State main idea concisely Body: Divide instructions into steps in the order in which they should be completed Use bulleted and/or numbered lists to help you organize Begin each list item in imperative mood (a command) Closing: Request action, summarize message, or present closing thought (along with deadline)

10 Revising Instruction Messages (p. 149)
Watch tone Tell readers what they should do, not what they shouldn’t Do not threaten the reader Do show how the steps will help the reader Explain tactfully reasons for the new instructions Make sure you use imperative mood Make sure lists are grammatically parallel, beginning with active-voice verb

11 Direct Claims and Complaints (p. 150-152)
Opening Describe clearly the desired action, especially when the remedy is obvious Ask for a change in policy or procedure, or for an explanation if the remedy is less obvious Body Explain the nature of the claim Tell why the claim is justified Provide details regarding the action requested Avoid becoming angry or assigning blame Include copies of all pertinent documentation Cite names of people you spoke to and dates of calls (if appropriate)

12 Closing End pleasantly with a goodwill statement
Include an end date if appropriate Act promptly Keep a copy of your letter or

13 Adjustment Letters (p. 152-154)
Three goals: 1. To rectify the wrong, if one exists 2. To regain the confidence of the customer 3. To promote future business and goodwill Subject Line (optional) Identify previous correspondence Make a general reference to the main topic

14 Opening Body Grant the request or announce adjustment immediately
Do not begin with an apology if you are complying with the request Use positive language Include sales promotion if appropriate Body Explain how you are complying with the request Try to regain the customer’s confidence

15 Decide Whether to Apologize (p. 156-157)
If you feel an apology is an appropriate goodwill gesture, include it. Be brief! Apologize once, and let it go. DO NOT admit negligence. Closing End positively with a forward-looking thought Express confidence in future business relations Include a sales promotion if appropriate Avoid referring to the unpleasantness

16 Goodwill Messages (p. 158-161)
Written in response to: Thanks Recognition Sympathy Goodwill messages should be: Selfless Specific Sincere Spontaneous Short

17 Responding to Goodwill Messages (p. 160)
Thank-You Notes (p ) Direct opening Special notebook paper or heavy cardstock Written in response to: Gift Favor Hospitality Responding to Goodwill Messages (p. 160) Rude not to respond to recognition Written to: Answer congratulatory note Respond to pat on the back

18 Conveying Sympathy (p. 160-161)
Refer to the death or misfortune sensitively Praise the deceased in a personal way Offer assistance without going into excessive detail End on a reassuring, forward-looking note

19 Is Email Appropriate for Goodwill Messages (p. 161)
Handwritten messages more impressive appropriate if: You frequently communicate with receiver via You precede a phone call or a handwritten offering condolences You immediately follow a condolence with a handwritten note

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