Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Standardized Curriculum ENERGY AUDITOR.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "1 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Standardized Curriculum ENERGY AUDITOR."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Standardized Curriculum ENERGY AUDITOR - MULTIFAMILY WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010

2 2 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Chapters Available

3 3 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Learning Objectives By attending this session, participants will understand: Applicability of single family priority list to small multifamily buildings What multifamily buildings qualify for DOE Weatherization funding Some general information and characteristics of multifamily buildings How a building qualifies for Weatherization funding The relationship of the client, building owner and subgrantee How the client benefits from Weatherization improvements

4 4 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov PRE-AUDIT PREPARATION AND WALK-THROUGH Learning Objectives By attending this session, participants will understand: How to do a building assessment The role that clients play in helping the auditor determine health, safety, and energy needs The desirable interaction among the auditor, the building owner/manager, the maintenance supervisor, and the client Who the client is – and isn’t Which building data is important to collect

5 5 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov TESTING & DIAGNOSTICS Learning Objectives By attending this session, participants will: Know the recommended diagnostic procedures for collecting building data Know how to use this data to determine the most cost- effective retrofit strategies

6 6 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov EVALUATION By attending this session participants will understand: How to evaluate utility consumption How to generate theoretical fuel consumption Base load and how to compare theoretical to actual utility consumption The basics of various audit modeling tools How to evaluate and select energy conservation measures (ECMs) What goes into the scope of work for a multifamily weatherization project Learning Objectives

7 7 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY The Big Picture Weatherization in smaller (3-stories and less) multifamily buildings is often very similar to single family Especially buildings with 25 units or fewer, units individually heated/cooled - single family priority lists often apply Multifamily buildings require more up front preparation: Coordination with building owner/manager Fuel consumption data often more important

8 8 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Low-Income Multifamily Households More than ¼ of U.S. households are in multifamily buildings. More than 11 million multifamily households have annual incomes that qualify for Weatherization assistance. The average energy expenditure in multifamily low-income households is $1,247 annually. 14.4% of annual income in low-income households is spent on energy vs. 3.3% by other households.

9 9 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Eligible Multifamily Buildings Which multifamily buildings are eligible? WAP Household income requirement = 200% of poverty level or below (same as single family). At least 66% of households in a multifamily building must meet income requirements. At least 50% of households in duplexes and 4-unit buildings must meet income requirements. How much Wx funding is available for each building? (average Wx $/unit) x (number of units in building) x (% of units in building eligible for funding) Example: 75% of units are eligible in an 80-unit building where average funding/unit is $6,200. Total available for WX upgrades to building = $6,200 x 80 x 0.75 = $372,000.

10 10 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Eligible Multifamily Buildings WPN describes which buildings meet eligibility levels without further investigation of the subgrantee. Building owner also must agree not to raise the rent for a reasonable period of time after weatherization work has been completed. In some buildings (Lists 1 and 3 in WPN 10-15), the building owner has already agreed. The auditor does not need to coordinate an agreement. In other buildings (List 2 in WPN 10-15), eligible dwelling units could be subject to rent increases as a result of Weatherization improvements, so the building owner/manager must sign off that rents will not increase.

11 11 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Eligible Multifamily: WPN 10-15, List 1 What do the lists of eligible properties from Notice mean? Three types of property eligibilities are described. List 1 identifies three kinds of HUD properties not subject to rent increases as a result of the weatherization: Sheet 1) Specific Public Housing properties that are 100% income-eligible

12 12 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Eligible Multifamily: WPN 10-15, List 1 Sheet 2) Specific Public Housing properties that are at least 66% income- eligible

13 13 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Eligible Multifamily: WPN 10-15, List 1 Sheet 3) Specific “HUD Multifamily” (Section 8) properties that are at least 66% income-eligible

14 14 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Eligible Multifamily: WPN 10-15, List 2 List 2 identifies “HUD Multifamily” (Section 8) properties that are at least 66% income-eligible but HUD’s contract with the building owner will expire in less than three years.

15 15 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Eligible Multifamily: WPN 10-15, List 3 List 3 identifies USDA properties that are 100% income-eligible.

16 16 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Multifamily Client Who is the client? This can get complicated. The client is each income-eligible household. Are all units in the multifamily building income-eligible? Income = 200% of poverty level or below Who pays the utility bill? Master metered? Individually metered? Hybrid (master meter gas/individually meter electric or vice versa)?

17 17 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Contract with Building Owner A contract with the building owner or building manager is mandatory.

18 18 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY WPN 10-15A – Benefits to Clients Benefits of WAP in multi-family building rental units must accrue primarily to the low-income tenants residing in such units. Examples: Longer term preservation of the property as affordable housing Continuation of protection against rent increases Investment of the energy savings from the weatherization work in facilities or services that offer measurable direct benefits to tenants Investment of the energy savings from the weatherization work in specific health and safety improvements with measurable benefits to tenants; Improvements to heat and hot water distribution, and ventilation, to improve the comfort of residents Establishment of a shared savings programs

19 19 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY WPN – Buy-downs Installing improvements when SIR < 1 requires buy-downs. Total costs of improvement is discounted with non-federal sources, e.g.: Landlord contributions Utility funds Donations State funds Do not leapfrog cost-effective measures! Total package must still have (SIR) > 1 when total investment is measured against total estimated savings. No leapfrogging! You can’t install bought- down measures ahead of measures with a higher pre-buy-down SIR.

20 20 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Multifamily vs. Single-Family Audit #1 How is the multifamily audit different? Multiple parties are involved Service provider (subgrantee) Building owner/manager Maintenance department Residents Every group or individual has their own priorities/interests/proclivities/problems…whatever!

21 21 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Multifamily vs. Single-Family Audit #4 How do you model a multifamily building? Approved audit tool depends on many things but primarily building size 2-4 units: NEAT 5-25 units individually heated/cooled: NEAT, Rem/Design 5-25 units shared heating/cooling: EA-QUIP, TREAT 25+ units: EA-QUIP, TREAT

22 22 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov PRE-AUDIT PREPARATION AND WALK-THROUGH Pre-Audit Preparation Pre-audit preparation includes: Gathering the required information Holding a pre-audit kickoff meeting Scheduling the audit Conducting the audit requires: An outdoor inspection An indoor inspection of the common areas and shared mechanical areas An inspection of the residential units Pre-audit preparation is very important because so many parties are involved: The residents The building owner and (often) the management company The building superintendent The auditor and the Weatherization agency

23 23 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov PRE-AUDIT PREPARATION AND WALK-THROUGH Information Availability Ensure the following information is available: Drawings and related documentation Latest blueprints/as-built drawings Major building repairs/improvements History of modifications Apartment description Number of units and unit types Number of rooms per unit Unit and room sizes Utility consumption records for at least 12 continuous months How is the utility consumption metered? Who pays the bills?

24 24 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov PRE-AUDIT PREPARATION AND WALK-THROUGH Pre-Audit Meeting Agenda Pre-audit kickoff meeting agenda should also include: Discussion of who will participate in building audit walk-through Auditor team Building owner/management rep Maintenance supervisor Resident representatives Wx agency representative Others? Schedule for the audit walk-through Discussion of how to prepare residents for the walk-through Discussion of superintendent’s responsibilities Always accompanies audit team Always pre-plans (and has keys and tools) to access all units, mechanical rooms, roof, crawl space, basement and equipment

25 25 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov PRE-AUDIT PREPARATION AND WALK-THROUGH Ask the Right Questions Many of the questions for multifamily are similar to single family, but more expansive:

26 26 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov PRE-AUDIT PREPARATION AND WALK-THROUGH Pre-Audit Meeting Agenda

27 27 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov PRE-AUDIT PREPARATION AND WALK-THROUGH Exterior Visual Assessment #1 Begin with the outdoor inspection. Take lots of pictures. Verify building measurements. Note outside wall facing type, coating, and condition. Perform general infrared scan. Inspect and record types and sizes of windows and exterior doors. Note clues about air leakage at both. Inspect outside lighting and record numbers, types and conditions of fixtures and bulbs. Note type and condition of exterior foundation. Are all living units above ground? Inspect the roof.

28 28 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov PRE-AUDIT PREPARATION AND WALK-THROUGH Interior Visual Assessment – Central HVAC & DHW Configuration #2 During your walk-through, verify or correct the type and number of systems recorded from the drawings: Hydronic or steam systems? 1-pipe or 2-pipe systems? Electric baseboard system? Forced air systems? Controls and setpoints? System & component characteristics

29 29 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov PRE-AUDIT PREPARATION AND WALK-THROUGH Interior Visual Assessment – Residential Units #2 Wall insulation Windows and doors Thermostats Refrigerators Note the presence, location, and condition of: Fireplaces Air registers Window A/C units Recessed light fixtures Stored chemicals that might affect IAQ

30 30 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov TESTING & DIAGNOSTICS Combustion appliance safety Combustion efficiency Blower door (Air leakage) Zonal Pressure Diagnostics Infrared imaging Duct Leakage Ventilation exhaust flow Electrical Water flow Baseload Moisture What do we test? A sample combustion appliance test toolkit.

31 31 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov TESTING & DIAGNOSTICS Zone Pressure Diagnostics #2 The pressure difference of the roof cavity WRT the apartment should be close to 50 Pa. If impractical to measure the roof cavity directly, take a separate local reading during the blower door test. 50 Pa WRT the residence

32 32 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov TESTING & DIAGNOSTICS Infrared Scanning #1 Conduct infrared scan with the blower door running to determine: Air leakage in inaccessible building cavities Effectiveness of the thermal boundary Photo courtesy of PA Weatherization Training Center An infrared scan with the blower door running shows air leakage at the top plate of an interior wall cavity adjacent to the attic ceiling.

33 33 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov TESTING & DIAGNOSTICS Electrical – Testing Voltage Drop Testing Reads the percentage of voltage drop on a circuit. A voltage drop over 5% may indicate undersized wiring, improper slices, and other dangerous point loads due to bad connections. A qualified technician should investigate potential wiring problems. Photo courtesy of PA Weatherization Training Center

34 34 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov TESTING & DIAGNOSTICS Moisture: Symptoms #3 Mold on interior surfaces Photo source: PA WTC Photo Photo Source: PA WTC

35 35 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov EVALUATION MonthBill kWhAve. Base LoadHeat?Cool? Jan 16,780 Feb 15,715 Mar 9,840 Apr 5,155 May 2690 June 2610 July 4370 Aug 2210 Sept 2880 Oct 6,635 Nov 11,030 Dec 18,240 Total 98,155 % Base Load Use Lowest Reading nd Lowest 3 rd Lowest Average Monthly Base Load /3 = 2,503 Lowest Reading nd Lowest rd Lowest 2690 Average Monthly Base Load 2,503 Bill Analysis Example No. 1

36 36 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov EVALUATION Appliance Energy Use (Annual) ApplianceLow kWhMid kWhHigh kWh Refrigerator ,500 Clothes Dryer ,200 Clothes Washer ,200 Indoor Lighting ,200 Air Conditioning Cooking Television Outdoor Lighting Space Heating Motors Stereo Hair Dryer Vacuum Cleaner Miscellaneous

37 37 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov EVALUATION Calculate theoretical utility use with an approved modeling tool. The training/technical support contacts are as follows: Calculating Theoretical Loads EA-QUIP Nick Dirr, LEED AP Association for Energy Affordability, Inc 105 Bruckner Blvd., Bronx, NY (718) x8209 TREAT David Hoffmann Performance Systems Development 124 Brindley Street, Ithaca, NY (607) x252 NEAT Michael Gettings Oak Ridge National Laboratory PO Box 2008 MS6070 Oak Ridge,TN (865) Rem/Design Rob Salcido Architectural Energy Corporation 2540 Frontier Avenue, Suite 201 Boulder, Colorado (303)

38 38 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov EVALUATION Analyzing Model Outputs #1 Modeled vs. Actual Energy Use Wide difference between modeled and measured consumption when specified HVAC equipment used in model.

39 39 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov EVALUATION Dimmers Photocells Specialty bulbs (candelabra, reflectors, etc.) Color Scale -CRI: 0 – 100; most CFLs are between Kelvin Temperature K: Warm white/Soft white light (incandescent) K: Cool or Bright White light K: Natural or Daylight Mercury Lighting and CFL Considerations

40 40 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov EVALUATION Ventilation #1 Fans are selected from menus. Duty (hours of usage) can be specified by modeler.

41 41 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov EVALUATION Recommendations #2 …and some provide the information on more than one sheet. EA-QUIP lists payback and SIR on one sheet… (Note that the audit tools usually allow the user to add or remove possible measures. In this example the model evaluated window replacement.)

42 42 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov EVALUATION Appendix A SIR ≥ 1 Client Acceptance Review recommendations with clients and building owner. If the either does not want certain measures installed: 1.Continue with weatherization, minus the unwanted measures a.This can get complicated in multifamily buildings where there are many clients, which is why communication throughout the process is key – and why a trusted resident representative is important. b.Scope of work must carefully reflect specific exclusions. 2.Defer weatherization services Client Acceptance

43 43 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – September 2010eere.energy.gov EVALUATION Write a document that is well-organized and uses understandable terminology Depending on complexity/size, you might want to involve an engineering firm or an architect/engineer to develop contract documents for the Weatherization work. The scope of work should include: Develop Scope of Work #1 Clear travel directions Contact information Note any client issues – contact time, deafness, need translator, etc. Photos of front of building Accurate dimensions, material quantities and description of materials Demolition and replacement description and details for replacement or repair of HVAC and DHW and associated equipment


Download ppt "1 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM – August 2010eere.energy.gov INTRODUCTION TO MULTIFAMILY Standardized Curriculum ENERGY AUDITOR."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google