Presentation on theme: "Hope VI Residents Deserve Green Housing Affordable, Healthy Home Design Choices."— Presentation transcript:
Hope VI Residents Deserve Green Housing Affordable, Healthy Home Design Choices
Top Ten Priorities for Low Utility Bills Orientation Roof color and material Wall color Minimizing window area But allowing for adequate ventilation Minimize carpet, use stamped concrete, tile, or terrazzo Properly size AC systems Install ductwork within conditioned space Efficient Water Heating Systems Efficient lighting and appliances
Window Shading Strategies Minimize East and West Exposures Use Overhangs on all Sides –Particularly South Plant Shade Trees Exterior Awnings or Bahama Shutters Interior Shades Low SHGC Glass or Films
Allow Adequate Ventilation Provide cross-through ventilation from front to back and side-to-side Make sure all windows are operable and have durable, easy-to-use hardware Provide openings on two different walls in each bedroom Bedroom ventilation may work best on 2 nd story Space buildings to avoid blocking breeze
Natural Ventilation Ideally, window openings should equal 12% of floor area
Allow Adequate Ventilation Augment with whole house fans Include ceiling fans Have outside rooms open on three sides
Minimize Carpet Use stamped concrete, tile or terrazzo Slight benefit for cooling energy use Reduce allergy effects of dust mites
Install ductwork within conditioned space Must be incorporated from the beginning of the design phase by architect. Save 10 to 20% on heating & cooling Reduce uncontrolled airflow and related indoor air quality problems.
Properly Size AC Systems Typical contractors oversize systems Installing a three-ton system where a two- ton system will suffice results in a 10% energy penalty Smaller systems work better on humid nights. Choose a SEER 13 or better unit.
Use solar or heat pump water heating systems Water heating is a much larger portion of the energy bill in most low-income households. Smaller space with more occupants results in less HVAC than average household, but more water heating.
Solar Water Heating Solar Weatherization Program: Detailed Monitoring of 30 sites $250/year on hot water before solar, $120 after
Efficient Appliances and Lighting Strategies Appliances –Energy Star Refrigerator and Washing Machine –Efficient Clothes Dryer Lighting –Day lighting (orientation, interior colors) –Efficient bulbs and fixtures
Clothes Washers horizontal-axis washers use 1/3 less water
Water Conservation Indoor –Washing machine and other appliances Energy Star models use up to 50% less water
Water Conservation Outdoor –Xeriscape tm principles can eliminate need for supplemental irrigation after landscape is established. –If irrigation systems are desired (turf), alternative water sources include greywater, reclaimed water, and rain water collection.
Educate Consumers Behavior differences can result in differences in energy bills by a factor of three to 1 for similar size families in similar homes.
Moisture Control Dumb Idea#1: Design a building with no slope to the roof Dumb Idea#2: Design no overhangs Dumb Idea#3: Use vinyl wallpaper
Materials Resource Efficient –Recycled –Engineered –durable Construction Waste Management –Reduce amount of waste –Reduce embodied energy
Statistics AIA estimates 2 lbs waste/ft 2 of new construction and 60,263 Btu/ft 2 embodied energy for wood frame Increasing average construction efficiency 4% from 81% for a 1500 ft 2 home translates to 120 lbs of waste saved per house and 1059 kWh of embodied energy saved per house.