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Origins (17 th century): England “Low Countries”

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Presentation on theme: "Origins (17 th century): England “Low Countries”"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Origins (17 th century): England “Low Countries”

3 The keys to Understanding the Agricultural Revolution: S cience E ntrepreneurshi p T echnology Photo Credit: Nineminutes

4 The Farmer as Scientist Photo Credit: Sean ChurchSean Church

5 Whea t Oats Fallo w (Middle Ages) Whea t Oats Fallo w W heat Oats F allow OU T with the old.

6 Whea t Oats Photo Credit: Dan KlimkeDan Klimke Whea t Oats Photo Credit: Dan KlimkeDan Klimke Whea t Oats Photo Credit: Dan KlimkeDan Klimke (Seventeenth Century) W heat Oats Photo Credit: Dan KlimkeDan Klimke IN with the new!

7 By theakshaytheakshay The four-field system produced a higher crop yield because none of the land had to lie fallow.

8 Photo Credit: Julian StallabrassJulian Stallabrass

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11 I have a genetic defect that’s been perpetuated by selective breeding. THANKS, SCIENCE! Photo by BarbarossaBarbarossa

12 Photo Credit: Sean Church

13 Sean Church The Farmer as Entrepreneur

14 Bruegel, The Harvesters (1565)

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16 The Old Way

17 Photo Credit: Craig MaccubbinCraig Maccubbin Enclosur e Movement The New Way

18 Enclosure Movement Photo Credit: THE DOWNSIDE: Hurt poor farmers who lost grazing rights for their cattle on the common land THE DOWNSIDE: Hurt poor farmers who lost grazing rights for their cattle on the common land THE UPSIDE: Agricultural production, as a whole, became more market- oriented and efficient. THE UPSIDE: Agricultural production, as a whole, became more market- oriented and efficient.

19 Workhouses, such as this one, provided shelter and employment for the able-bodied poor.

20 By theakshaytheakshay Large landowners were able to make use of the latest developments in science and technology, producing higher crop yields.

21 Photo Credit: Sean ChurchSean Church The Farmer as Inventor

22 It’s been awhile... Photo Credit: Galdo TrouchkyGaldo Trouchky

23 The Sower By mira66mira66

24 Photo Credit: Science Museum/Science & Society Picture Library (UK) Science Museum/Science & Society Picture Library (UK) Jethro Tull ( ) Tull’s horse-drawn seed drill made sowing seed more efficient and precise.

25 Agricultur al Inventions Jefferson’s Moldboard Plow In the United States

26 A mathematics text from Washington’s library

27 Before the Scientific Revolution

28 A lot less complicated than a sixteen-sided barn, but not nearly as cool!

29 By theakshaytheakshay Technological inventions like Tull’s seed drill resulted in more efficient agricultural practices, producing higher crop yields.

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31 Source: https://www.agronomy.org/publications/cs/articles/47/4/1327https://www.agronomy.org/publications/cs/articles/47/4/1327

32 POPULATION EXPLOSION

33 Due to advances in S cience, E ntrepreneurship, & T echnology, Europe was all SET to feed a larger population to provide the manpower for the Industrial Revolution. Photo Credit: Nineminutes

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