Presentation on theme: "Words for Production Words for Production Words for Recognition Words for Recognition Idioms and Phrases Idioms and Phrases Word Smart Word Smart."— Presentation transcript:
Words for Production Words for Production Words for Recognition Words for Recognition Idioms and Phrases Idioms and Phrases Word Smart Word Smart
1. professor 1. professor [pr1`fEs2] n. [C] Ms. Carlson is a professor at our college, and she teaches Spanish. a teacher who teaches at a college or university 教授
2. gesture 2. gesture [`dZEstS2] n. [C] a way of using parts of the body, particularly the hands or the head, to express what one means or how one feels 手勢，姿勢 The boss made a gesture to allow the worker to enter his office. DERIVATIVE
gesture gesture [`dZEstS2] vi. 做手勢示 意 Unable to hear me clearly, Tina gestured for me to speak louder.
3. response 3. response [rI`spAns] n. [U] the act of reacting to something or someone 反應，回應 The coffee shop started to serve hot chocolate in response to requests from several customers. DERIVATIVE
response response [rI`spAns] [C] Since Allison made no response to my invitation, I was not sure if she wanted to go to the party with me. a reply to what has happened or been said 回答，回覆
Hearing Ken calling her name across the street, Meg responded by waving her hand. respond respond [rI`spAnd] vi. 回應，回 答
4. curl 4. curl [k3l] vt. to make something form a round shape 使彎曲，使捲曲 When the white cat curls its body into a ball, it looks like a snowball. DERIVATIVE
curl curl [k3l] n. [C] 捲髮 to make something form a round shape 使彎曲，使捲曲 The baby girl has brown eyes and dark curls.
5. downward 5. downward [`da5nw2d] adv. toward a lower level or place 朝下地，向 下地 Simon doesn’t dare to look downward whenever he walks across a bridge.
6. aware 6. aware [1`wEr] adj. knowing about or realizing something 察覺的，知道的 Amber was so busy that she wasn’t aware that it was time for lunch.
7. generally 7. generally [`dZEn1r1lI] adv. by or to most people, or in most conditions ㄧ般地，普遍地 It is generally considered that women are more patient than men. DERIVATIVE
general general [`dZEn1r1l] adj. ㄧ般的，普通的 The book is for general readers, so everyone can read it.
8. field 8. field [fild] n. [C] a particular subject that one studies 領域，範圍 As a great scientist, Tracy is famous in the field of biology.
9. nonverbal 9. nonverbal [&nAn`v3bL] adj. not using words or language 不用言語的 Nodding is a form of nonverbal communication, and it usually expresses agreement. DERIVATIVE
verbal verbal [`v3bL] adj. 透過言語的，口頭的 In addition to verbal communication, we often use body language to express what we think.
10. thumb 10. thumb [T^m] n. [C] the shortest and thickest finger on the side of one’s hand 拇指 We all raised our thumbs to show that we agreed about the plan.
11. sign 11. sign [saIn] n. [C] a movement that one makes to tell others something 手勢 The police officer made a sign to tell the crowd to stay away from the burning car. DERIVATIVE
sign sign [saIn] vi. ( 用手勢 ) 示意 The coach waved at the players, signing for them to gather around him.
12. misunderstood 12. misunderstood [&mIs^nd2`st5d] adj. having qualities that people do not see or correctly understand 被誤解的，被誤會的 Some teenagers think that no one fully understands them. They often feel alone and misunderstood. DERIVATIVE
misunderstand misunderstand [&mIs^nd2`st8nd] vt. 誤解，誤會 I think Ivy misunderstood me. She came over at seven a.m., but actually I had told her to come at seven p.m.
To avoid any possible misunderstanding, let’s write everything down on paper. There’s been a misunderstanding. I ordered tea, not coffee. misunderstanding misunderstanding [&mIs^nd2`st8ndI9] n. [U][C] 誤解，誤會
13. spare 13. spare [spEr] vt. to allow someone to escape harm, death, or punishment 饒恕，赦免 The queen ordered that the man be killed, but she decided to spare his children.
14. signal 14. signal [`sIGnL] n. [C] an action or a sound that one makes to give someone certain information 信號，暗號 When I look at my watch, it will be a signal for us to leave the house. DERIVATIVE
signal signal [`sIGnL] vt.; vi. 發信號，示意 Pointing at one of the doors, Carl signaled that it was the room we should enter. Mandy raised her hand, signaling to the waiter to bring her a menu.
15. nevertheless 15. nevertheless [&nEv2D1`lEs] adv. however; despite something that has been said 然而 It was raining; nevertheless, Joyce insisted on going to the beach.
16. insulting 16. insulting [In`s^ltI9] adj. rude or offensive 侮辱的，無禮的 What you said was quite insulting to Erica. No wonder she was very offended. DERIVATIVE
insult insult [In`s^lt] vt. 侮辱，對 … 無禮 Luke insulted Jessie by speaking ill of her in public.
insult insult [`Ins^lt] n. [C] 侮辱 Your offer for my house is an insult; the price you want to pay is too low.
17. confusing 17. confusing [k1n`fjuzI9] adj. difficult to understand 令人困惑的 The question Terry asked was confusing; I didn’t understand it. DERIVATIVE
confused confused [k1n`fjuzd] adj. 感到困惑的 Emily was so confused about using the PDA that she asked her brother for help.
confuse confuse [k1n`fjuz] vt. 使困惑 You have confused me. Please explain your idea more clearly.
confusion confusion [k1n`fjuZ1n] n. [U] 困惑 The American tourist in Taiwan looked at the chopsticks in confusion, not knowing how to use them.
18. puzzled 18. puzzled [`p^zLd] adj. unable to understand something clearly 困惑的 Jeff looked puzzled when I told him the news; he hadn’t heard anything about it. DERIVATIVE
puzzle puzzle [`p^zL] vt. 使困惑 What puzzled me was why Peggy left the classroom suddenly without saying anything.
puzzle puzzle [`p^zL] n. [C] (usu. sing.) 困 惑 People are always trying to solve the puzzle of how life began on Earth.
19. worth 19. worth [w3T] adj. (of someone or something) good or important enough to make one feel satisfied; having a certain value in money 有價值的，有 … 的價值的 When you tour in Paris, the Eiffel Tower is worth a visit. Dave didn’t buy the expensive shirt because he thought it was not worth NT$6,500. DERIVATIVE
worth worth [w3T] n. [U] 價值 The estimated worth of the new car is one million NT dollars.
worthy worthy [`w3DI] adj. 值得的 The soldier’s brave actions were worthy of a medal.
20. effectively 20. effectively [1`fEktIvlI] adv. in a way that works well and gets the desired result 有效地 The medicine worked effectively. After I had taken it, my headache quickly disappeared. DERIVATIVE
effective effective [1`fEktIv] adj. 有效的 Although the ad was short, it was effective in attracting the public’s attention.
II. Words for Recognition 1.farewel 1.farewel [`fEr`wEl] n. [C] 告別，告辭