PART I. - - + S+never+V…+but S V… S+never+V…+without Ving… ( 每 … 必 …) There is no N but V… few N(pl.) + but V… PART II. 部分否定
Part III. 意義上否定 the last N + to V that S V fail to V = be unable to not(never) fail to V = V without fail far from = anything but = by no means = not… at all nothing but=only all but= almost cannot but 不得不
PART IV. 片語 It goes without saying that… = Needless to say,… cannot…too…( 越 ~ 越好 ; 再 ~ 也不為過 ) not so much (A) as (B) ( 與其說 A 不如說 B) There is no Ving…= It’s impossible to V Little did I think… Little did I dream of …
QUIZ 1.It goes __ saying that education is important. 2.You __ be too careful when crossing the street. 3.There is __ knowing what may happen in the future. 4.He is __ but a student. 5.I can’t __ laughing at the sight. 6.There is no mother __ loves her children. 7.I never go to a bookstore __ buying some books. 8.__ his parents are not living. 1.without 2.cannot 3.no 4.nothing 5.help 6.but 7.without 8.Both
倒裝句 PART I. 否定副詞放在句首時要用倒裝 句型 : 否定詞 + beV/ 助動 + S… I have never heard of such a thing. Never have I heard of such a thing. I know little about him. Little do I know about him. He had no sooner left than I arrived. No sooner had he left than I arrived. I didn’t know it until I came back. Not until I came back did I know it.
Only 置於句首時要倒裝 句型 :Only + adv cl./phr. + beV/ 助動 + S… You realize its value only when you lose your health. Only when you lose your health do you realize its value. We can succeed only by working hard. Only by working hard can we succeed. I feel happy only in my own home. Only in my own home do I feel happy.
假設語氣的倒裝 句型 :If S + were/had/should… = Were/Had/Should + S… If John were here now, he would give me a hand. Were John here now, he would give me a hand. If you had studied hard, you would have passed the exam. Had you studied hard, you would have passed the exam. If it should rain tomorrow, I will stay home. Should it rain tomorrow, I will stay home.
讓步子句的倒裝句 句型 : Although/Though + S V +adv/adj./n.,S V… =adv/adj./n. as + S V, S V… Although he worked hard, he failed. Hard as he worked, he failed. Although he is rich, he is not happy. Rich as he is, he is not happy. Although she is a woman, she is brave. Woman as she is, she is brave.