Presentation on theme: "THE ORIGINS OF HALLOWEEN Halloween, celebrated each year on October 31, is a mix of ancient Celtic practices. Halloween is a time of celebration and superstition."— Presentation transcript:
THE ORIGINS OF HALLOWEEN Halloween, celebrated each year on October 31, is a mix of ancient Celtic practices. Halloween is a time of celebration and superstition. Halloween's origins date back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain (pronounced sow- in). This day marked the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the dark.
SYMBOLS OF HALLOWEEN Halloween is not just innocent entertainment. It's symbols and practices breathes new life into the dark rituals and symbols of past civilizations. Many of its symbols are universal.
TYPES OF SYMBOLS OF HALLOWEEN BATS They eat mosquitoes these small nocturnal mammals have a bad reputation because of their infamous cousin, the vampire bat.
GHOST A universal symbol for departed spirits and occult visitations. These cookies, like the ghost-shaped sweets served at Mexico's Day of the Dead celebrations, tend to minimize the reality of spiritual warfare in post- Christian America. The decorative ghosts may be cute, but to the countless victims of demonic bondage and oppression, the spirit world is no joke.
GRAVESTONE Christians may see it as a memorial to those who died, but others see it as an exciting symbol of death. Since Halloween, like the Mexican Day of the Dead, celebrates visits from the spirit world, these gravestone cookies fit both feasts.
TRADITIONAL SONGS IN HALLOWEEN This is very simple but the children love it. His name is “Ghost Chant” (recite veri quietly): -Ghost to scary -Ghost to white -Don´t scare (child´s name)! (shout the name) -On halloween night
TRADITIONAL FOOD IN HALLOWEEN Many people make a sweets, for exemple: Huge Scary Spiders:Large chocolate biscuits shaped like spiders. The kids love them.Huge Scary Spiders INGREDIENTS 60g baking chocolate 150g plain flour 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder 1/4 teaspoon salt 60g butter 200g caster sugar 1 egg 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 40 red smarties or similar
SPANISH ALL SANT´S DAY VERSUS HALLOWEEN
All Saints' Day (in the Roman catholic Church officially the Solemnity of All Saints and also called All Hallows or Hallowmas), often shortened to All Saints, is a solemnity celebrated on 1 November by parts of Western Christianity, and on the first Sunday after Pentecost in Eastern Christianity, in honor of all the saints, known and unknown. It is a national holiday in many historically Catholic countries. In the Roman Catholic Church, the next day, All Souls’ Day, specifically commemorates the departed faithful who have not yet been purified and reached heaven. Catholics celebrate All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day in the fundamental belief that there is a prayerful spiritual communion between those in the state of grace who have died and are either being purified in purgatory or are in heaven and the ‘Church militant' who are the living.
HALLOWEEN Halloween (or Hallowe'en) is an annual holiday observed on October 31. It has roots in the Celtic festival of Samhain and the Christian holiday All Saints' Day, but is today largely a secular celebration. Day of the Dead (Spanish: Día de los Muertos) is a holiday celebrated by many in Mexico and by some Mexican Americans living in the United States and Canada, The holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to pray for and remember friends and family members who have died. The celebration occurs on November 2 in connection with the Catholic holidays of All Saints' Day (November 1) and All Souls' Day (November 2). Traditions connected with the holiday include building private altars honoring the deceased using sugar skulls, marigolds, and the favorite foods and beverages of the departed and visiting graves with these as gifts. The Day of the Dead is a time of celebration when eating and partying are common. Due to occurring shortly after Halloween, the Day of the Dead is sometimes thought to be a similar holiday, although the two are celebrated differently.
TRICK OR TREAT The origin of “trick or treat” is a custom that has his origin to the pursuit of the Protestants against the Catholics in England, particularly in the XVIth and XVIIth century. Due to this pursuit, James I (Protestant king) and his parliament, they were victims of an attempted murder. But the plan failed when Guy Fawkes (one of the organizers) spoke under the pressure of the hangmen and betrayed his companions, being executed later. All this gave origin to a custom, of character more or less burlesque, by means of that Lutherans' gangs, which were protecting his identity under lugubrious masks, were celebrating the date of the discovery of the perfidy. For it, they were visiting the catholic homes and were demanding pastry and beer from them. Finally, the custom moved to America and passed on October 31, joining Halloween's holiday.
JACK O’LANTERN An Irish legend tells that a man named Stingy Jack invited the Devil to have a drink. When it came time to pay, he convinced the Devil to change into a sixpence, but instead of paying for the drink Jack pocketed the sixpence and kept it stored beside a silver cross, which prevented the Devil from changing back. Jack made a deal with the Devil before letting him free that the Devil could not harass him. Next Halloween Jack died and was turned back from the Gates of Heaven. He went to the Gates of Hell and the Devil told him to go away, as Jack had made him promise not to claim his soul. Jack didn't want to leave because it was dark and he couldn't find his way. The Devil tossed Jack a glowing coal and Jack put it inside a turnip, and ever since with this "Jack O' Lantern", Stingy Jack's lonely soul has been roaming the faces of this earth. Carving Jack O' Lanterns is a Halloween custom that dates back to ancient Ireland. the first Jack O' Lanterns were made of turnips even potatoes, not pumpkins.
BLOODY MARY Go into a room with a mirror and turn all the lights off. Bathrooms seem to be perfect for this since they almost always have a mirror and are usually dark at night with the lights off and the door closed. Light a candle, look into the mirror, start chanting "Bloody Mary" You have to do this 13 times, of course. You should see Bloody Mary behind your left shoulder after the thirteenth time.
The Long Distance Phone Call An elderly woman receives a phone call on a dark, stormy night. She hears a moaning on the other end and a voice that sounds like her recently diseased husband. The calls torment her all night. The next day, she asks her driver to take her past the cemetery where her husband was laid to rest. They discover that during the storm, a phone line had fallen down and was laying on her dead husbands grave! Were the phone calls she had received the night before made from beyond the grave by her dead husband? Another variation of this has the woman dying from shock in her bed after answering the phone call. Then, when she is being taken to the cemetery it is discovered that the phone line is laying on her husbands grave.
Creado por: Fabiola Tenza Marco Antonio Martinez Fernández Carmen María Muñoz Espallardo Sandra Tenza Alonso Eliana Vicente Ródenas