Presentation on theme: "The English in Alabama (Pages 54-55) The English also wanted to trade goods for deerskins and animal furs. They established a colony north of Fort Toulouse."— Presentation transcript:
The English in Alabama (Pages 54-55) The English also wanted to trade goods for deerskins and animal furs. They established a colony north of Fort Toulouse called Fort Okfuskee. The English had an advantage over the French because Great Britain had more factories. They could manufacture more and better trade goods.
The English in Alabama (Pages 56-57) Lachlan McGillivray was a trader from Scotland. He came to Alabama to trade with the Indians. He met an Indian girl, married her, and built his home and a trading post at Little Tallassee on the Coosa River. Later they had a son, Alexander McGillivray, who became in important leader of the Creek Indians.
Between the end of the Mississippian period and the arrival of Europeans in the late 1500’s, Indians had divided into large groups called nations. Alabama’s Indian nations: Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, and Chickasaw The Indians (Pages 56-57)
Largest of the Alabama tribes Real name was Muscogee They were divided into Upper Creeks and Lower Creeks Enemies were the Choctaw Spoke a form of the Muscogean language The Indians—Creeks (Pages 58-59)
Brave warriors The word Alabama comes from the Choctaw word Alibamos, meaning to cut or gather plants Spoke a form of the Muskogean language The Indians—Choctaw (Pages 58-59)
Mostly lived in Mississippi but also in Northwestern Alabama Brave fighters They took horses from the Spanish and developed herds of fine ponies. Spoke a form of the Muskogean language The Indians—Chickasaw (Pages 58-59)
They hunted and lived in Alabama Men and women were tall Women were often warriors and part of government Spoke an Iroquoian language The Indians—Cherokee (Pages 60-61)
Religion was important to all nations Green Corn Dance- summer ceremony that symbolized cleansing for the new year. Towns were square; council house was in the center and cabins were around it. Gathered berries and nuts, raised corn, pumpkins, sweet potatoes, beans, melons, squash, and gourds. The Indian Culture (Pages 60-61)
Before Europeans arrived, a confederacy of towns was formed. By the middle of eighteenth century, the Creek Nation consisted of about 60 towns. Indian women were models of industry in their daily lives. While the men hunted or played at games, the women were busy keeping their homes. The Indian Culture (Pages 62-64)
People of different cultures competed for control and power. Meanwhile, the 13 colonies grew restless. The American Revolution was looming on the horizon. Control and Power (Page 65)