Presentation on theme: "ENDANGERED EUROPEAN LANGUAGES Saša Pagon Vesna Taljat Bojana Veršič."— Presentation transcript:
ENDANGERED EUROPEAN LANGUAGES Saša Pagon Vesna Taljat Bojana Veršič
EUSKARA, THE LANGUAGE OF THE BASQUE PEOPLE it is not an Indoeuropean language shows no resemblance to languages in neighbouring countries WHERE DOES THE LANGUAGE COME FROM? –could be related to languages from the Caucasus similarities with the Georgian language –related to a non-Arabic languages from the north of Africa –developed "in situ", in the land of the primitive Basques.
very old language the Basque language has taken up words from Latin, Castilian, French, Celtic and Arabic some words in the Castilian,French and English come from the Basque language rural communities have kept the language alive
before Roman times the Basque language was spoken in an area larger than the present one nowadays more than 600,000 people speak Basque in the seven historic Basque provinces: Lapurdi, Zuberoa and Behenafarroa (in France), and Gipuzkoa, Bizcaia, Araba and Navarre (in Spain) there are 520,000 Basque speaking people in the Basque provinces in Spain, that is 25% of their total population.
Things have not been easy for the Basque language: - competition with two powerful neighbouring languages: Castilian and French -Basque was a forbidden language during the dictatorship -children had to study in an unfamiliar language and were punished when they spoke in Basque -"ikastolas" an important movement to open up Basque schools
SPANISH BASQUE ENGLISH Por favor Mesedez Please Perdón! Barkatu! Sorry! Gracias....Mila esker, eskerrik asko....Thank you Qué tal? Zer moduz? How are you? Buenos días Egun on Good morning Komuna WC Toilets Zinema Cine Cinema
EUROPEAN LANGUAGES ARE DIVIDED INTO SIX CATEGORIES: 1. extinct languages other than ancient ones 2. nearly extinct languages 3. seriously endangered language 4. endangered language 5. potentially endangered language 6. not endangered language