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DO NOW 8-27 List the different types of tobacco products that you know about and star the products that you think are addictive? The ones without a star.

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Presentation on theme: "DO NOW 8-27 List the different types of tobacco products that you know about and star the products that you think are addictive? The ones without a star."— Presentation transcript:

1 DO NOW 8-27 List the different types of tobacco products that you know about and star the products that you think are addictive? The ones without a star write a complete sentence on why you think that it is not addictive.

2 Tobacco

3 Section 1 Tobacco Use Key Ideas for this section include… Different types of tobacco products. Identifying the drug that makes all forms of tobacco addictive. Chemicals found in tobacco smoke. Carcinogens found in smokeless and other forms of tobacco

4 Key Terms Nicotine The highly addictive drug that is found in ALL tobacco products. Carcinogen Any chemical or agent that causes cancer Tar A sticky, black substance in tobacco smoke that coats the inside of the airways and contains many carcinogens Carbon Monoxide A gas that blocks oxygen from getting into the bloodstream

5 All Tobacco Products Are Dangerous Examples of tobacco products include… Cigarettes Chewing tobacco Snuff (dip) Pipe tobacco Cigars Herbal cigarettes

6 All Tobacco Products Are Dangerous What makes them so dangerous? Nicotine is a highly addictive drug found in all tobacco products. Cigarette smoke contains more than 4,000 chemicals At least 40 of these chemicals are proven carcinogens Contains tar which contains many of the carcinogens including… Cyanide: a poisonous gas used to develop photographs Formaldehyde: a substance used to preserve laboratory animals and is also used as embalming fluid Lead: a dangerous metal Vinyl Chloride: a flammable gas used to make plastic products

7 All Tobacco Products Are Dangerous

8 Cigarette smoke also contains carbon monoxide, a toxic gas that keeps oxygen from getting into the bloodstream. Does it matter that oxygen isn't getting to the bloodstream as long as it is getting into the lungs?

9 All Tobacco Products Are Dangerous Smokeless tobacco products, such as chewing tobacco and snuff (dip), also contain nicotine and tar. Smokeless tobacco products also contain other carcinogens, such as arsenic, nickel, benzopyrene, and polonium

10 All Tobacco Products Are Dangerous Snuff and chewing tobacco lead to mouth sores and oral cancer. Pipe tobacco, cigars, and even herbal cigarettes also contain nicotine and tar, and therefore contain a large number of carcinogens.

11 All Tobacco Products Are Dangerous Gruen Von Behrens has had almost 30 surgeries to remove cancerous tumors resulting from smokeless tobacco use. Now he travels and shares his experience with young people so that others can learn about the angers of tobacco.

12 Analyzing Data Causes of Death Due to Cigarette Smoking Lung Cancers 28% Heart Disease 20% Chronic Lung Disease 21% Other Diagnoses 19% Other Cancers 8% Stroke 4% ***Average number of deaths per year from was 438,000***

13 Analyzing Data What is the total percentage of deaths due to smoking related cancers? What percentage of smoking related deaths result from damage to the circulatory system? Calculate the total number deaths for each category.

14 Nicotine is Addictive Like all addictive drugs, nicotine affects the brain and other parts of the body and leads to physical dependence and addiction. Quitting tobacco use is difficult and withdrawal is unpleasant, but the dangerous effects of tobacco are far worse than the trials of quitting.

15 Section 1 Review What is a carcinogen? Identify 3 types of tobacco products. Identify the addictive element in all tobacco products. List 4 dangerous chemicals found in cigarettes. What would you tell a friend that thinks smoking an herbal cigarette is safe?

16 DO NOW 8-28 In 4-5 complete sentences explain why do young adults your age and younger start smoking. =x4c_wI6kQyE

17 Section 2 Dangers of Tobacco Use Key Ideas for this section include… Short-term effects Long-term effects The effects of secondhand smoking Affect of smoking to unborn children who’s mothers smoke during pregnancy.

18 Key Terms Emphysema A respiratory disease in which air cannot move in and out of alveoli because they break down and lose their elasticity. Sidestream Smoke Smoke that escapes from the tip of the cigarette, pipe, or cigar. Mainstream Smoke Smoke that is inhaled through a cigarette and then exhaled by a cigarette smoker. Secondhand Smoke (Environmental Tobacco Smoke) A combination of exhaled mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke.

19 Short-Term Effects of Tobacco Use Nicotine has the following short-term effects: Stimulates the brain reward system Increases heart rate and blood pressure Increases breathing rate Increases blood-sugar levels Stimulates the vomit reflex Carbon monoxide blocks oxygen from the blood. Tar and other chemicals damage the lungs and inside of the mouth Other Breath and clothes smell Leaves black specks between teeth Cause you to spit often

20 Long-Term Effects of Tobacco Use Long-term tobacco use leads to addiction. Long-term tobacco use has a number of minor effects, such as stained teeth and fingers and a pervasive smell of smoke.

21 Do Now: 8/30 Knowing how dangerous tobacco is should people of any age be allowed to smoke? Explain your answer in 3- 4 sentences.

22 Long-Term Effects of Tobacco Use Mouth: Smoking changes the natural chemical balance inside the mouth, leading to increased plaque, gum disease, and tooth decay. Tar in tobacco smoke stains teeth yellow.

23 Long-Term Effects of Tobacco Use Brain: Smoking reduces oxygen to the brain, narrows blood vessels, and can lead to strokes. Nicotine also changes the brain in ways that lead to addiction. Heart: Nicotine increases heart rate and blood pressure and narrows the blood vessels. It also increases the risk of hardened and clogged arteries, which can lead to a heart attack.

24 Long-Term Effects of Tobacco Use Lungs: Cigarette smoke puts carcinogens directly into the lungs. It kills the tiny hairs that remove harmful substances from the lungs. The loss of these hairs increases the risk of bronchitis, emphysema, and lung cancer.

25 Long-Term Effects of Tobacco Use Skin: Smoking breaks down the proteins that give skin elasticity. This leads to wrinkles and premature aging of the skin. Smoking also increases a person’s chances of developing skin cancer. Immune System: Chemicals in smoke reduce the activity of immune system cells. Damaging the immune system increases the chances of suffering from diseases such as cancer.

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27 Effects of Smoke on Nonsmokers Lung cancer caused by secondhand smoke kills 3,000 nonsmokers in the U.S. each year. Secondhand smoke also causes other illnesses, including reduced heart function, headaches, nausea, and dizziness. Children who live with smokers suffer from a higher rate of lower respiratory infections and asthma. Smoking while pregnant can lead to miscarriage, premature birth, sudden infant death syndrome, and developmental problems.

28 Effects of Tobacco on the Fetus and Baby Risk of miscarriage Risk of premature birth Low birth weight Slow growth rate Risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) Risk of developing respiratory illness Risk of developing learning difficulties

29 The Great Debate As a class we are going to have a short debate. Should people be allowed to smoke? If so, where? Should people be allowed to smoke around children, elderly people, or sick people? Is it fair to forbid adults to smoke? Should smoking be banned in all public areas and allowed only within homes?

30 Section 2 Review Identify some of the short term effects of smoking. Identify some of the long-term effects of smoking. Name 5 problems that can happen with infants of mothers who smoke.

31 DO NOW 8-29 “Quitting smoking is easy; I’ve done it dozens of times” Mark Twain What did Mark Twain mean when he wrote this statement and why is it ironic? Please explain in 3-5 sentences.

32 Section 3 A Tobacco-Free Life Key Ideas for this section include… The factors that contribute to tobacco use. How does tobacco use affect families and society? Ways to make quitting smoking easier. Benefits of being tobacco free. Refusal skills.

33 Key Terms Nicotine Replacement Therapy, (NRT) A form of medicine that delivers small amounts of nicotine to the body to help a person quit using tobacco.

34 Why Do People Use Tobacco? Family and Friends: being around smokers increases your chances of becoming a smoker. Misconceptions: Messages are often not believed. People see others and “they seem fine”. Advertising: Curiosity: wonder what its like. Rebellion: always told no.

35 Tobacco Use Affects the Family and Society Costs to the Society Society is estimated to pay about $167 BILLION per year. ON WHAT?!?! Medical costs that can not be covered by who are ill from smoking High insurance Business’s often pay out of pocket to cover someone who is insured Accidental fires

36 Do Now 9-4 Though the United States started the trend of labeling cigarette packages with health warnings, today the country has one of the smallest, least prominent warnings placed on their packages. Warnings are usually in small typeface placed along one of the sides of the cigarette packs with colors and fonts that closely resemble the rest of the package, so the warnings essentially are integrated and do not stand out with the rest of the cigarette package. Why do you think that the cigarette companies do this? Do you think that they should be made to make their warning label more prominent? Explain your answer in 4-5 sentences

37 Tobacco Use Affects the Family and Society Tobacco and the Law Companies pay extremely high fines when charged with selling cigarettes to someone under the legal age. In many states teens are also fined or assigned community service. Statistically Speaking Society pays $167 billion 438,000 premature deaths 52% of movies in 2006 had someone smoking in it 79% of the society does not smoke

38 Tobacco Use Affects the Family and Society Costs to Families Average yearly cost for tobacco products is $1500 Lost wages due to illness Medical bills Funeral costs

39 For this work sheet use these facts: A pack of cigarettes costs $9.00 There are 20 cigarettes in a pack There are 10 packs in a carton You lose 14 minutes of life for every cigarette smoked 1. Alice smokes 5 cigarettes a day. How long will one pack last? 2. How much will it cost Alice to smoke each week? (if you smoke 1 cigarette out of a pack that still counts as a whole pack…HINT) 3. John smoked a pack a day in the month of June. (30 days) How much did it cost for the month? 4. If it takes 1 week for Bill to smoke 10 cigarettes, how much money will he spend in one year? 5. Alice wants to buy a new purse, which will cost her approximately $ If she stops smoking and uses that money for the purse, how many weeks will it take her to buy the purse? (Alice smokes 1 pack per week) 6. If Alice smoked 2 packs of cigarettes a week, figure out how much her life will be shortened in one year. (52 weeks in a year)

40 Tips For Quitting Why you should quit Smoking is unhealthy Smoking is expensive Smoking stinks Smoking looks unattractive Smoking damagers your skin/teeth/body

41 Tips For Quitting Decide That You Can Do It Get Started Set a quitting date Throw away all lighters, ashtrays, leftover cigarettes Change Your Habits Start a healthy habit before you try to quit Set Goals Celebrate each week you are tobacco free Reward yourself with the money you saved from not smoking Get Support Find a support system or support group Keep yourself busy

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43 Skills for Refusing Tobacco As with alcohol and other drugs, you should practice and use refusal skills when people offer you tobacco. When using refusal skills: Be honest Give a reason Suggest an alternative

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46 Benefits to Being Tobacco Free Here are some more reasons to quit smoking, or to avoid starting in the first place: Fewer colds, sore throats, and asthma attacks Not coughing when you are sick Avoiding stained teeth and bad breath Tasting food and smelling the flowers Not smelling like smoke Not exposing others to smoke

47 Benefits to Being Tobacco Free After you quit smoking: Within a half hour, blood pressure and heart rate return to normal Within 8 hours, carbon monoxide leaves blood Within a few days, smell, taste, and breathing improve Within months, lung health improves, risk of lung cancer, emphysema, and heart disease decrease


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