2Ch Key TermsNicotine- the highly addictive drug that is found in all tobacco productsCarcinogen- any chemical or agent that causes cancerTar- sticky, black substance in tobacco smoke that coats the inside of the airways and that contains many carcinogensCarbon monoxide- a gas that blocks oxygen from getting into the bloodstream
3Types of TobaccoChewing TobaccoSnuff (Dip)PipesCigarsCigarettes
4Chemicals in Tobacco A stimulant More than 4000 chemicals 10% are carcinogens or poisonousCarcinogens are cancer causing agentsThe 3 most poisonous chemicals are: tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide
5NicotinePsychoactive substance- causes a change in the person’s mood or behaviorVery addictive- causes a physical dependence
6TarTiny pieces that when inhaled in to the lungs, condense and form a sticky coating on the bronchial tubesSame substance used to pave roads!!!Destroys cilia, waving hair-like projections that work to keep the respiratory tract clear.
7Carbon MonoxideA colorless, odorless, poisonous gas released by burning tobaccoInterferes with the blood’s ability to carry oxygenSame gas from car exhaustif inhaled directly-can be fatal
92 Leading causes of death due to cigarette smoke Lung cancerHeart disease
10Ch Key TermsEmphysema- respiratory disease in which air can not move in & out of the alveoli because they become blocked or lose their elasticitySidestream smoke- smoke that escapes from the tip of a cigarette, cigar, or pipeMainstream smoke- smoke that is inhaled through a cigarette & then exhaled by a cigarette smokerEnvironmental tobacco smoke (secondhand smoke)- a combination of exhaled mainstream smoke & sidestream smoke
11Mainstream smokeSmoke that is inhaled through a cigarette and then exhaled by a cigarette smoker
12Sidestream smokeSmoke that escapes from the tip of a cigarette, cigar, or pipeThis contains 2x more nicotine and tar, and 5x more CO than mainstreamNon-smokers who live with smokers have a 20-30% HIGHER risk of dying from heart disorders than non-smokers who live with non-smokers!!!
13Passive smoker- a person who inhales the sidestream smoke smoke inhaled by non-smokersPassive smoke can cause:Heart disease *AsthmaEye irritation *CancerEar infectionsEmphysema
14Environmental tobacco smoke (Secondhand Smoke) A combination of exhaled mainstream smoke and sidestream smokeSecondhand smoke causes:-Headache-Nausea-dizziness
15Smokeless Tobacco Cracking and bleeding lips and gums receding gums, which can eventually make your teeth fall outincreased heart rate, high blood pressure, and irregular heartbeats=leading to a greater risk of heart attacksORAL CANCER-lips, tongue, cheeks, gums, ANYWHERE IN MOUTH!CANCER-stomach, esophagus, bladder
21How much money do you save by not smoking??? LETS FIND OUT!!!
22Let’s say someone smokes 1 pack a day… Per PACK they will spend $5 Per WEEK they will spend $35Per MONTH they will spend $140Per YEAR they will spend $16805 YEARS= $840010 YEARS= $16,800What would you buy with this much money??
23Effects of tobacco use on the body When you inhale a cigarette, the nicotine travels to the bloodstream and then to the brain- this only take 8 secondsHeart will beat fasterIncreases breathing rateBlood pressure will increaseBecome more alert and energeticSense of smell and taste decreaseYellow Teeth, FingernailsSmelly clothes, hair, breath, house, car, etc.
24Effects of tobacco use on the body “Smokers Voice”Stimulates the brain reward system (Addiction)Increases blood sugar levelsStimulates vomit reflexSkin loses elasticityNarrows blood vessels, reducing oxygen to the brainDamages the immune system increasing the chance of suffering from diseases such as cancer
25LUNG CANCERgrowth of malignant cells that attack and replace healthy cellsNO CURE!!Now kills more women than breast cancer!Many females believe smoking causes weight loss-There is NO PROOF of this being true!
26Chronic BronchitisInflammation of the bronchial tubes, combined with built up particlesChronic coughing, excessive mucus productionCilia becomes useless-covered with tar
27Pulmonary EmphysemaPulmonary=LUNGSDestruction of tiny air sacs in lungs which absorb oxygen into the bodyTiny air sacs=ALVEOLIInstead of using only 5% of their energy to breathe, a person with advanced emphysema may use 80% of their energy to breathe!!
28Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder Combination of chronic bronchitis and obstructive emphysema
29Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Condition is which infants die in their sleep for unknown reasonsSecond Hand Smoke Anti Smoking PSA - Video
30Effects of Tobacco on the Fetus and Baby Risk of miscarriageRisk of premature birthLow birth weightSlow growth rateRisk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)Risk of developing respiratory illnessRisk of developing learning difficulties
31Ch Key TermsNicotine replacement therapy (NRT)- a form of medicine that delivers small amounts of nicotine to the body to help a person quit using tobacco
32Why people use tobacco Family & friends Misconceptions Advertising CuriosityRebellion