Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

NAPOLEON BONAPARTE (1799-1815). BACKGROUND  Born in 1769 in Corsica  Went to military school in north France; 1785: at age of 16 became a lieutenant.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "NAPOLEON BONAPARTE (1799-1815). BACKGROUND  Born in 1769 in Corsica  Went to military school in north France; 1785: at age of 16 became a lieutenant."— Presentation transcript:

1 NAPOLEON BONAPARTE ( )

2

3 BACKGROUND  Born in 1769 in Corsica  Went to military school in north France; 1785: at age of 16 became a lieutenant in the artillery  Joined the army of the Legislative Assembly during the revolution

4 EARLY CAREER  Defended France against an attack by royalist rebels in hailed as savior of the French republic  appointed by Directory to lead French army vs. Austria and the Kingdom of Sardinia- won many victories in Italy and Austria  Led an expedition to Egypt to protect French trade interests- not successful-Napoleon defeated by the British- Napoleon kept reports out of the press

5 1799: COUP D’ETAT  Nov. 9- Napoleon put in charge of the military  Nov. 10- Napoleon’s troops drove out one chamber of the national legislature; legislature voted to dissolve the Directory  Napoleon became first consul as a result of a plebiscite (vote of the people)  Napoleon crowns himself emperor

6 Napoleon as emperor- what does he look like?

7 ANSWER: A King!!!

8 Napoleon crowns himself emperor

9 Who traditionally crowned the emperor? What was Napoleon trying to show here?

10 This (again) proves that “absolute power corrupts absolutely!!!”

11 Napoleon’s Domestic Policy (after he centralized power in his own hands) brings order to France

12 ACTIONS/REFORMS: The Economy SSet up a fairer tax code SSet up a national bank SStabilized currency GGave state loans to businesses

13 ACTIONS/REFORMS: Government and Society  Appointed officials by merit  Fired corrupt officials  Created lycees (public schools)  Created a uniform code of laws: Napoleonic Code

14 ACTIONS/REFORMS: Religion  Recognized Catholicism as “faith of Frenchmen”  Signed concordat with Pope  Retained seized church lands

15 HOMEWORK  Which goals of the revolution did Napoleon achieve?  If you had been a member of the bourgeoisie in Napoleon’s France, would you have been satisfied with the results of Napoleon’s actions? Why or why not?  Based on Napoleon’s reforms at home, was Napoleon a better or worse leader at this point than Louis XVI? Explain.

16 THOUGHT QUESTION: Based on Napoleon’s Reforms at home, is Napoleon a better or worse leader at this point than Louis XVI? Explain.

17 HOMEWORK Create a cover page for Napoleon on page 9 in your notebook that includes:  A picture of Napoleon (drawn or printed out)  A quote that best applies to Napoleon with explanation  Ten words/adjectives “splashed” on the page to describe who Napoleon was  At least 3 colors

18 NAPOLEON: A hero to some, an evil force to others

19 NAPOLEON QUOTE: “Frenchmen, without a doubt, you will see in what I did that I am a soldier who supports liberty and am a citizen who is devoted to the Republic”

20 NAPOLEON QUOTE: “I am destined to change the FACE of the world”

21 Read “How Did France Change Under Napoleon” How was Napoleon’s rule different from Louis XVI’s? How was it similar? Show these differences and similarities in a Venn Diagram.

22 Napoleon Activities

23 2. In what ways did Napoleon reform the education system in France?  He set up public schools where any MALE could attend regardless of social standing  Set up public schools-primary, secondary, lycees (military schools), and technical schools  Science and math were important subjects in secondary schools

24 3. Which aspects of Napoleon’s education system did not change?  Primary schools remained the same as before  Poor women were still not encouraged to go to school

25 4. In what ways were the governments of King Louis XVI (pre-Revolution) and Napoleon different? There was no National Assembly under Louis but there were 2 National Assemblies under Napoleon Louis XVI had total power, but under Napoleon, all MEN could vote

26 5. In what ways were they similar?  Both took total power  After 1804 (when Napoleon crowned himself emperor), there were no elections as there were no elections under Louis

27 6. Read the Napoleonic Code. List the points of the code which you think are fair/unfair.

28 FAIR  All people were declared equal before the law. There were no longer any special privileges for nobles, churchmen, or rich people  Feudal rights were ended  Trial by Jury was guaranteed  Religious Freedom was guaranteed  Parents were given powers over their children

29 REASONS  All of these rights guarantee freedoms for all regardless of social standing  Parents should have more rights than their children as long as their reasonable

30 UNFAIR  Wives were not allowed to sell or give away property  A wife could only own property with her husband’s consent in writing  Fathers were allowed to imprison their children for any time up to a month

31 REASONS  Women do not have equal rights- only based on gender  Parents should not be able to imprison their children

32 7. How did Napoleon try to restrict individual rights and freedoms?  He had a secret police force which from 1810 could arrest people without trial  He tried to censor and control the newspapers  Free speech was not allowed in France or the French Empire

33 8. Why do you think Napoleon felt it was so important to control the press?  “If the press is not controlled, I shall not remain three days in power” -Napoleon  Free press would cause debate of ideas, which is what led to the overthrow of Louis XVI

34 9. How did Napoleon try to control religion in France?  He said that Bishops are to be chosen only by himself (Napoleon)  Napoleon crowned HIMSELF emperor of France- to show the French that he was in charge

35 10. What was the appeal of Napoleon to the peasants, nobility?

36 PEASANTS AAllowed peasants to keep land RRestored Catholic Church to former importance NNo longer had to pay tithes

37 Nobility NNobles offered ‘king-like’ stability CCreated titles for some SSet up the “Legion of Honour”

38 11.Read some of the things said by Napoleon (on all of the sheets). What do these extracts tell us about Napoleon’s attitude towards: a. His role as Emperor? b. Women? c. The Media? d. The lower classes?

39 His role as Emperor  After 1804, there were no elections  After 1810 he imprisoned people without trial  He took power over the church

40 Women  Women are only good for getting married and having children  Women should not participate in government or get a public education  Women are subordinate to their husbands  Women are not equal to men

41 The Media  The Media should be controlled  The media should put himself (Napoleon) into a positive light

42 The lower classes ““The ignorant class will no longer exercise their influence on making laws or on government” BBUT: Napoleon did try to appease the peasants- see question 10 a.

43 12. How did Napoleon improve France’s cities and towns?  He ordered the building of new roads, canals, and bridges  Invested in improving older buildings, especially in Paris  Planned a better network of roads for Paris

44 Louis XVINapoleon

45 DIFFERENCES LOUIS XVI Allowed only the privileged to go to school There was no National Assembly Louis XVI had total power Louis XVI born into position of King Could put you into prison without charge Clergy (church) held a high gov’t position, owned a lot of land, paid few taxes Only members of the first and second estates Had rights, privileges Economy was unstable under Louis Officials were appointed based on rank NAPOLEON allowed everyone to go to school There were 2 National Assemblies All men could vote Napoleon acquired position through a coup d’etat Everyone was equal in the courts, no one was put into prison without a trial UNTIL 1810 Although Catholicism was recognized as the state religion, Napoleon retained church lands Men (not women) had more rights under Napoleon, Such as equalized taxation Economy was stabilized under Napoleon Officials were appointed based on merit

46 SIMILARITIES  Both could not be voted out of power  Both controlled the newspapers and freedom of speech  After 1810, Napoleon used a secret police force which imprisoned people without a fair trial  Both were (or became) corrupt  Both offered “king-like” stability

47 Napoleon’s Grand Empire 1804: Napoleon creates an empire.

48 Napoleon was happy to be emperor of France, BUT… HE WAS BORED!!! (He had dreams of building a huge empire)

49 ACTION Napoleon sent 23,000 soldiers to Saint Domingue to get colony back after a slave uprising by Toussaint L’Ouverture (1803)

50

51

52 GOAL To maintain an overseas empire

53 RESULT (S)  Slaves in Saint Domingue were difficult to defeat  Thousands of French soldiers died of yellow fever  Napoleon gave up hope of overseas empire- focused his attention on conquering Europe

54 ACTION Napoleon sold Louisiana Territory to the U.S. for $15 million

55

56 GOAL  To conquer Europe- use monies from Louisiana Purchase to do so  Help build up the U.S. to at some point humble Great Britain

57 RESULT(S) Sold Louisiana for $15 mil;,lost opportunity to have an overseas empire

58 ACTION Fought against Third Coalition (Great Britain, Austria, Russia, Prussia, and Sweden)

59 GOAL To conquer Europe

60 RESULT(S)  Beat the Third Coalition  Countries in the Third Coalition were now under Napoleon’s control  Napoleon is on his way to conquer Europe!

61

62 ACTION Battle of Trafalgar- naval defeat against Britain off the coast of Spain

63

64

65

66 GOAL To defeat/conquer Great Britain

67 RESULT(S)  Proved supremacy of the British navy  Forced Napoleon to give up hopes of invading Britain

68 NAPOLEON’S 3 MISTAKES

69 MISTAKEEFFECT ON EMPIRE NAPOLEON’S 3 MISTAKES

70 MISTAKE #1 The Continental System ( )  Napoleon’s policy to forbid the continent of Europe to trade or communicate with Great Britain  Purpose: to weaken Britain’s economy, make continental Europe self-sufficient

71

72

73 EFFECT ON EMPIRE WWeakened France economically (deprived of cotton and “addictive substances” from Britain i.e. coffee, sugar, tobacco, cocoa) BBritain was hurt too but were able to smuggle goods into Europe through the Baltic and Adriatic Seas

74 MISTAKE #2 Peninsular War-  Napoleon invaded Portugal (for not obeying the Continental System) through Spain  Spanish rebel- fear that Napoleon will weaken the Catholic Church  Napoleon makes his brother Joseph the King of Spain

75

76 EFFECT ON EMPIRE  Napoleon lost 300,000 troops  Napoleon lost military support  European countries (GB, Prussia, Spain (rebels), and Russia) unite against France  Turns the tide against Napoleon

77 MISTAKE #3 Invasion of Russia-  Napoleon fears that Alexander I will take Poland  Russia sold grain to Great Britain

78

79 EFFECT ON EMPIRE RRussia used a scorched earth policy- burned Moscow, fields, killed livestock, NNapoleon went in with 600,000 troops, left with 10,000- a defeated man

80 Create a 6 event timeline of Napoleon’s downfall Use pages in text

81 NAPOLEON’S DOWNFALL  Napoleon is defeated by Prussia and Russia, forced to abdicate (give up) throne  Napoleon is exiled to Elba; Louis XVIII becomes King  1815-Napoleon escapes from Elba, returns to France

82 NAPOLEON’S DOWNFALL (CONT.)  1815-Napoleon regains the throne in France for a “Hundred Days”  Napoleon is defeated once again by European powers at Waterloo  Napoleon is exiled to St. Helena  Napoleon dies

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

100

101

102

103

104

105

106

107

108

109

110

111

112

113

114

115

116

117

118

119

120

121

122

123

124

125

126

127

128

129

130

131

132

133

134

135

136

137

138

139

140

141

142

143

144

145

146

147

148

149

150

151

152

153

154

155

156

157

158

159

160

161

162

163

164

165

166

167

168

169

170

171

172

173

174

175

176

177

178

179

180

181

182

183

184

185

186

187

188

189

190

191

192

193

194

195

196

197

198

199

200

201

202

203

204

205

206

207

208

209

210

211

212

213

214

215

216

217

218

219

220

221

222

223

224

225

226

227

228

229

230

231

232

233

234

235

236

237

238

239

240

241

242

243

244

245

246

247

248

249

250

251

252

253

254

255

256

257

258

259

260

261

262

263

264

265

266

267

268

269

270

271

272

273

274

275

276

277

278

279

280

281

282

283

284

285

286

287

288

289

290

291

292

293

294

295

296

297

298

299

300

301

302

303

304

305

306

307

308

309

310

311

312

313

314

315

316

317

318

319

320

321

322

323

324

325

326

327

328

329

330

331

332

333

334

335

336

337

338

339

340

341

342

343

344

345

346

347

348

349

350

351

352

353

354

355

356

357

358

359

360

361

362

363

364

365

366

367

368

369

370

371

372

373

374

375

376

377

378

379

380

381

382

383

384

385

386

387

388

389

390

391

392

393

394

395

396

397

398

399

400

401

402

403

404

405

406

407

408

409

410

411

412

413

414

415

416

417

418

419

420

421

422

423

424

425

426

427

428

429

430

431

432

433

434

435

436

437

438

439

440

441

442

443

444

445

446

447

448

449

450

451

452

453

454

455

456

457

458

459

460

461

462

463

464

465

466

467

468

469

470

471

472

473

474

475

476

477

478

479

480

481

482

483

484

485

486

487

488

489

490

491

492

493

494

495

496

497

498

499

500

501

502

503

504

505

506

507

508

509

510

511

512

513

514

515

516

517

518

519

520

521

522

523

524

525

526

527

528

529

530

531

532

533

534

535

536

537

538

539

540

541

542

543

544

545

546

547

548

549

550

551

552

553

554

555

556

557

558

559

560

561

562

563

564


Download ppt "NAPOLEON BONAPARTE (1799-1815). BACKGROUND  Born in 1769 in Corsica  Went to military school in north France; 1785: at age of 16 became a lieutenant."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google