Extent of Motor Vehicle Theft 1.2 million vehicles were stolen in 2000 Value of 7.8 billion dollars Automobiles 74.5% Trucks or buses 18.7% Clearance rate only 14.1% 30% of the vehicles never recovered 66.5% of those arrested were under 25
Most Commonly Stolen Vehicles 1.Toyota Camry 2.Honda Accord 3.Oldsmobile Cutlass 4.Honda Civic/CRX 5.Jeep Cherokee, Grand Cherokee 6.Chevrolet Full-Size Pickup 7.Toyota Corolla 8.Chevrolet Caprice 9.Ford Taurus Note: Data sometimes changes from year to year.
Cities with the highest vehicle theft rates 1.Miami, FL 2.Jersey City, NJ 3.Fresno, CA 4.Memphis, TN 5.New York, NY 6.Tucson, AZ 7.Phoenix-Mesa, AZ 8.Albuquerque, NM 9.Sacramento, CA
Motor Vehicle Identification The vehicle identification number (VIN) is the primary non-duplicated, serialized number assigned by a manufacturer to each vehicle made. This number, critical in motor vehicle theft investigation, identifies the specific vehicle in question.
VIN # 1F1CY62X1YK555888 1 = nation of origin F = manufacturer symbol 1 = make C = restraint Y = car line 62 = body type X = engine symbol 1 = check digit Y = model year K = assembly plant 555888 = sequential production number
Types of Motor Vehicle Theft Joyriding Transportation Commission of another crime Stripping for parts and accessories (Chop Shop) Reselling for profit
Elements of the Crime Auto Theft Intentionally taking or driving A motor vehicle Without the consent of the owner or the owner’s authorized agent (Motor vehicles include automobiles, trucks buses, motorcycles, snowmobiles, vans, self-propelled watercraft and aircraft.)
The Dyer Act The Dyer Act made interstate transportation of a stolen motor vehicle a federal crime and allowed for federal help in prosecuting such cases. The Act was amended in 1945 to include aircraft and is now called the Interstate Transportation of Stolen Motor Vehicles Act.
Elements of Interstate Transportation of a Motor Vehicle The motor vehicle was stolen. It was transported in interstate or foreign commerce. The person transporting or causing it to be transported knew it was stolen. The person receiving, concealing, selling or bartering it knew it was stolen.
Preliminary Investigation Information Obtained by the Police Time, date and location of the theft Make, model and color of vehicle State of issue of license plate License plate number Direction of travel Description of any suspect Complainant’s present location
Tools for Stealing Cars Car openers Rake and pick guns Tryout keys Impact tools Key way decoders Modified vice grips Tubular pick locks Modified screw drivers Hot wiring
To Improve Your Ability to Recognize Stolen Vehicles Keep a list of stolen vehicles in car Develop a check system to determine if car is stolen Learn the common characteristics of stolen vehicles and car thieves Take time to check suspicious persons and vehicles Learn how to questions suspicious drivers
Preventing Auto Theft Common sense-remove keys and lock doors Visible and audible devices-steering wheel locks and alarms Immobilizing devices--cut-off switches and fuel disables Tracing devices-give police the location of a vehicle
Thefts of Other Types of Motor Vehicles Truck and Trailers Construction Vehicles and Equipment Recreational Vehicles Motorized Boats Snowmobiles Motorcycles, Motor Scooters, and Mopeds Aircraft