5Appalachian plateau Located in TAG corner, extreme NW corner Often called Cumberland PlateauMade up of plateau formations, canyons, limestone cavesMain feature: Lookout Mountain and Cloudland CanyonHardwood forest/pasturesOnly source of coal (mining)Chickamauga Battlefield located here
6Ridge and valley Located in Northwestern area of state Topography dominated by high ridge lines separating a series of valleysEconomic activity is somewhat diverse: forests, pastures, farmland, apple orchardsDalton known as “carpet capital of the world”Large textile industry particularly hard hit during current economic downturn.
7Blue ridge Located in extreme NE Georgia Most mountainous terrain in stateBrasstown Bald (about 5,000 ft. elevation)Agriculture dominated by hardwood forests, vegetable farming and apple orchardsAppalachian Trail begins here – runs to MaineScenic beauty includes Brasstown Bald, Amicalola Falls, Tallulah GorgeAlpine village of Helen (tourism)Important cities: Dahlonega – home of America’s first gold rushReceives most rain annually.
8Piedmont PlateauLocation: begins in mountain foothills and goes to Fall Line (“piedmont” means at the foot of the mountains)Geography is rolling hills and plainsSuitable for various types of agriculture including commercial farmingGranite bedrock formation runs all the way to Delaware (Stone Mountain)Contains ½ of state’s population including Atlanta metro area – most populous
9Coastal plain State’s largest regions (about 60%) In prehistoric times was underwater.Has an inner and outer part.Inner coastal in major agricultural region in state of Georgia (peanuts, Vidalia onions, peaches, pecans)Outer coastal plain has sandy soil (naval stores and pulp from pine trees)Pulp and paper productionOkefenokee Swamp located here: largest freshwater wetland in U.S.Savannah – oldest city
10Barrier Island Located off Georgia’s coastal shoreline Called “sea islands” or Golden Isles”14 islandsAct as a “buffer” in protecting GA’s beaches from storm erosionSignificant tourism in parks and wilderness sanctuariesProtect/form Intracoastal Waterway
11Fall line Natural boundary that separates Piedmont from Coastal Plain Elevation of land drops significantlyWater drops and speeds up creating good sources of powerNumerous settlements on Fall Line (Columbus, Macon, Augusta)Shoreline of prehistoric sea.
12Okefenokee SwampSwamp/wetland located in outer coastal plain in extreme southern part of stateLargest freshwater wetland in U.S.Home to diverse population of wildlifeFederal/national parkIndian name meaning “land of trembling earth”
13Chattahoochee RiverRuns south through Atlanta and forms part of southern border with Alabama
14Savannah River Forms border between South Carolina and Georgia. Important commercial waterway.Entry to port of SavannahFirst permanent settlement (1733) at mouth of river.
15Deepwater ports Savannah and Brunswick Brunswick – construction port during WWII building Liberty ShipsTwo inland barge terminals: Bainbridge and ColumbusEconomic impact: about 2 billion dollars per year.More than 80,000 jobsOver 90 steamships lines serve GeorgiaServiced by two interstates (95 and 16) and a railroad hub5th busiest port in the nationLarge amounts of imports flow through these portsSupports idea of world market/provides us with access to international markets
16Interstate highways Facilitates flow of goods and services Commuter trafficAtlanta, interstate hub, serviced by I-20, I-75, and I-85
17Hartsfield-jackson international airport One of the busiest airports in the worldOne of the largest employer in the stateConnects state with rest of the worldNamed for William Hartsfield and Maynard Jackson
18railroadsAtlanta developed as result of railroad -First city not developed along a waterway (Terminus).Important to state’s economy today moving goods in and out of state.Dominated by CSX and Norfolk Southern
19Summaries 1. Write 3-5 sentence paragraph s summarizing the following: A. The regions and physical features of Georgia.B. The four transportation systems that comprise Georgia’s transportation infrastructure.