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GEOGRAPHY OF GEORGIA. GEOGRAPHY DEFINED:  Studying Earth as home of humans  Must have earth and humans or some other science involved.  Take notes.

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Presentation on theme: "GEOGRAPHY OF GEORGIA. GEOGRAPHY DEFINED:  Studying Earth as home of humans  Must have earth and humans or some other science involved.  Take notes."— Presentation transcript:

1 GEOGRAPHY OF GEORGIA

2 GEOGRAPHY DEFINED:  Studying Earth as home of humans  Must have earth and humans or some other science involved.  Take notes with your map out.

3 LOCATION  Northern/Western hemispheres  North of Equator/ West of Prime Meridian  North America  Southeastern United States

4 PHYSICAL REGIONS

5 APPALACHIAN PLATEAU  Located in TAG corner, extreme NW corner  Often called Cumberland Plateau  Made up of plateau formations, canyons, limestone caves  Main feature: Lookout Mountain and Cloudland Canyon  Hardwood forest/pastures  Only source of coal (mining)  Chickamauga Battlefield located here

6 RIDGE AND VALLEY  Located in Northwestern area of state  Topography dominated by high ridge lines separating a series of valleys  Economic activity is somewhat diverse: forests, pastures, farmland, apple orchards  Dalton known as “carpet capital of the world”  Large textile industry particularly hard hit during current economic downturn.

7 BLUE RIDGE  Located in extreme NE Georgia  Most mountainous terrain in state  Brasstown Bald (about 5,000 ft. elevation)  Agriculture dominated by hardwood forests, vegetable farming and apple orchards  Appalachian Trail begins here – runs to Maine  Scenic beauty includes Brasstown Bald, Amicalola Falls, Tallulah Gorge  Alpine village of Helen (tourism)  Important cities: Dahlonega – home of America’s first gold rush  Receives most rain annually.

8 PIEDMONT PLATEAU  Location: begins in mountain foothills and goes to Fall Line (“piedmont” means at the foot of the mountains)  Geography is rolling hills and plains  Suitable for various types of agriculture including commercial farming  Granite bedrock formation runs all the way to Delaware (Stone Mountain)  Contains ½ of state’s population including Atlanta metro area – most populous

9 COASTAL PLAIN  State’s largest regions (about 60%)  In prehistoric times was underwater.  Has an inner and outer part.  Inner coastal in major agricultural region in state of Georgia (peanuts, Vidalia onions, peaches, pecans)  Outer coastal plain has sandy soil (naval stores and pulp from pine trees)  Pulp and paper production  Okefenokee Swamp located here: largest freshwater wetland in U.S.  Savannah – oldest city

10 BARRIER ISLAND  Located off Georgia’s coastal shoreline  Called “sea islands” or Golden Isles”  14 islands  Act as a “buffer” in protecting GA’s beaches from storm erosion  Significant tourism in parks and wilderness sanctuaries  Protect/form Intracoastal Waterway

11 FALL LINE  Natural boundary that separates Piedmont from Coastal Plain  Elevation of land drops significantly  Water drops and speeds up creating good sources of power  Numerous settlements on Fall Line (Columbus, Macon, Augusta)  Shoreline of prehistoric sea.

12 OKEFENOKEE SWAMP  Swamp/wetland located in outer coastal plain in extreme southern part of state  Largest freshwater wetland in U.S.  Home to diverse population of wildlife  Federal/national park  Indian name meaning “land of trembling earth”

13 CHATTAHOOCHEE RIVER  Runs south through Atlanta and forms part of southern border with Alabama

14 SAVANNAH RIVER  Forms border between South Carolina and Georgia.  Important commercial waterway.  Entry to port of Savannah  First permanent settlement (1733) at mouth of river.

15 DEEPWATER PORTS  Savannah and Brunswick  Brunswick – construction port during WWII building Liberty Ships  Two inland barge terminals: Bainbridge and Columbus  Economic impact: about 2 billion dollars per year.  More than 80,000 jobs  Over 90 steamships lines serve Georgia  Serviced by two interstates (95 and 16) and a railroad hub  5 th busiest port in the nation  Large amounts of imports flow through these ports  Supports idea of world market/provides us with access to international markets

16 INTERSTATE HIGHWAYS  Facilitates flow of goods and services  Commuter traffic  Atlanta, interstate hub, serviced by I-20, I-75, and I-85

17 HARTSFIELD-JACKSON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT  One of the busiest airports in the world  One of the largest employer in the state  Connects state with rest of the world  Named for William Hartsfield and Maynard Jackson

18 RAILROADS  Atlanta developed as result of railroad -First city not developed along a waterway (Terminus).  Important to state’s economy today moving goods in and out of state.  Dominated by CSX and Norfolk Southern

19 SUMMARIES  1. Write 3-5 sentence paragraph s summarizing the following:  A. The regions and physical features of Georgia.  B. The four transportation systems that comprise Georgia’s transportation infrastructure.


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