Presentation on theme: "Unit 1 – Georgia’s Beginnings"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 1 – Georgia’s Beginnings Chapter 1SS8G1: The student will describe GA with regard to physical features and locationEssential question: What is the relative location of GA in terms of hemisphere, continent, nation, region, and global position?
2 Section 1 – What is Geography? Locate GA in relation toregion – southeastern U.S.
3 Locate GA in relation to nation – United States of America
4 Locate GA in relation to continent – North America
5 Locate GA in relation to: hemispheres – northern and western
6 Latitude: 30° – 35° N Longitude: 80°-85° W What is GA’s absolute location?Latitude: 30° – 35° NLongitude: 80°-85° W
7 What is GA’s relative location? South of TennesseeNorth of FloridaWest of North and South CarolinaEast of Alabama
8 Section 2: Geographic Regions of GA SS8G1b: Describe the five geographic regions of GA: include the Blue Ridge Mountains, Valley and Ridge, Appalachian Plateau, Piedmont, and Coastal PlainEssential question: What are the significant geographic regions of GA and how have they impacted GA’s growth and development?
9 Blue Ridge Region Located in northeastern part of state Highest and most mountains in GA are hereBrasstown Bald – highest peak in GA; from here can see NC, SC, & TNProvides water for our entire state because it gets the most precipitation
10 Blue Ridge Region Upper right hand corner of the state (northeastern corner)
11 Ridge and Valley Region Located between Appalachian Plateau and Blue Ridge regionsBest known for its industry of textiles and carpetsDalton, GA – “carpet capital of the world”
12 Ridge and Valley Region northern center of thestate
13 Appalachian Plateau Region Smallest regionCalled the TAG corner – this is where GA touches TN and ALRegion contains lots of caves, rock groups, and deep canyons
14 Appalachian Plateau Region Far left corner of state (northwestern corner)
15 Piedmont Plateau Region Begins in foothills of mountains andextends south to middle portion of stateSoil is red clay and graniteAbout ½ of GA’s population live hereKnown for some farm and cattle production, also business and industryWe live in this region!
17 Coastal Plain Region Largest region in the state Located south of the PiedmontInner Coastal Plain – major agricultural region of stateOuter Coastal Plain – land is marshyProduces naval stores and pulpNaval stores – products made from pine trees like tar, pitch, turpentine, rosinPulp – ground wood that is made into paper
19 Section 2 continuedSS8G1c: Locate and evaluate the importance of key physical features on the development of GA; include the Fall Line, Okefenokee Swamp, Appalachian Mountains, Chattahoochee River, Savannah River, and the barrier islands.
20 Fall LineNatural boundary separating Piedmont Plateau and Coastal PlainLine runs from Columbus (west), through Macon (center), and into Augusta (east)Elevation drops and creates waterfallsEarly settlers and Indians built settlements here because of fertile land and waterfalls which were excellent power source
21 Okefenokee Swamp Largest swamp in North America Is a freshwater wetlandBrings tourism dollars to GA
22 Appalachian Mountains GA’s three northern regions are all part of this mountain chainAppalachian Trail runs from GA north to MaineBeginning of the Appalachian Trail is in the Ridge and Valley region
23 Chattahoochee RiverFlows from the mountains of north GA to the Gulf of MexicoForms the natural western border between GA and ALProvides recreational activities which bring tourism dollars to our stateProvides transportation
24 Savannah River Only river that flows into GA from another state Provides eastern border between GA and South CarolinaProvides recreational activities which bring tourism dollars into stateProvides transportation
25 Barrier IslandsProtect GA’s beaches by blocking much of wind, sand, and water that could erode mainlandCumberland Island – a barrier island and national seashorePlaces for recreational activities which bring tourism dollars to state
26 Section 3: Georgia’s Climate SS8G1d: Evaluate the impact of climate on Georgia’s developmentEssential Question: How has climate played a role in Georgia’s growth and development?
27 GA’s mild climate attracts people and business to the state Mild climate meanslonger growing season for agricultureLower heating and air conditioning costsMinimum weather problems that interfere with work or school