Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Information Systems"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to Information Systems CHAPTER 1Introduction to Information Systems
2 CHAPTER OUTLINE1.1 Why Should I Study Information Systems? 1.2 Overview of Computer-Based Information Systems 1.3 How Does IT Impact Organizations? 1.4 Importance of Information Systems to Society
3 Opening Case Today, Every Company Is a Technology Company The Business ProblemSoftware DisruptionsMobile Phone CarriersCredit Card IssuersTechnology CompaniesThe ResultsWhat We Learned from This Case
4 Information Technology IT is making our world smaller, enabling more and more people to communicate, collaborate and compete…
5 We are…or it is… Global Massively interconnected Intensely competitive 24/7/365Real timeRapidly changeInformation intensive
6 1.1 Why Should I Study Information Systems The Informed User—You!IT Offers Career OpportunitiesManaging Information Resources
8 Digital NomadsA digital nomad is someone who uses information technologies such as smart phones,wireless Internet access, and Web-based applications to work remotely from anywhere.Source: Media Bakery
10 IT Offers Career Opportunities IT is vital to modern business providing many lucrative career opportunitiesProgrammers, business analysts, systems analysts, and designersChief Information Officer (CIO) – executive in charge of the IS functionCareer opportunities will remain strong in the futureMIS personnel vs. end usersChanging Role of the IS DepartmentTraditional Function of the MIS DepartmentNew (Consultative) Functions of the MIS Department
11 Capabilities of Information Systems Store huge amounts of information in small spaceAllow quick, inexpensive access to vast amounts of information worldwideInterpret vast amounts of data quickly and efficientlyIncrease effectiveness and efficiency of people working in groups in one place or around the world
12 Capabilities of Information Systems Perform high-speed, high-volume numerical computationsAutomate semiautomatic business process and manual tasksProvide fast, accurate communication and collaboration within and among organizations
13 MIS- Management Information Systems The planning for and the development, management and use of information technology tools…
14 MIS- Management Information Systems to help people perform all the tasks related to information processing and management.
15 MIS Department Managing systems development Systems project management Source: Howard Kingsnorth/The ImageBank/Getty Images, Inc.TraditionalNew (Consultative)Managing systems developmentSystems project managementManaging computer operationsProviding technical servicesInfrastructure planning, development, and controlIncorporating Ecommerce into the businessManaging system integrationInternet, Intranet, ExtranetEducationManaging Outsourcing
17 IT vs IS Information Technology Any computer based tool that people use to work with information and to information processing needs of an organization.
18 IT vs IS Information Systems Collects, processes, stores, analyzes and disseminates information of the specific purpose.Get theright information to theright people and theright time in theright amount in theright format
19 Data Information Knowledge transactions that are recorded, classified and stored but are not organized to convey any specific meaningDataData Item. Elementary description of things, events, activities and transactions that are recorded, classified and stored but are not organized to convey any specific meaning.Information. Data organized so that they have meaning and value to the recipient.Knowledge. Data and/or information organized and processed to convey understanding, experience, accumulated learning and expertise as they apply to a current problem or activity.Informationmeaning and valueKnowledgeaccumulated learning and expertise as they apply to a current problem or activity.
20 Basic Components of a CBIS Hardware: consists of devices such as the processor, monitor, keyboard, and printerSoftware: is a program or collection of programs that enable the hardware to process dataDatabase is a collection of related files or tables containing dataNetwork- is connecting system that permits different computers to share resourcesProcedures are the instructions for coming the above components in order to process information and generate the desired output
21 Types of Information Systems Figure 1.4 FunctionalArea informationsystemsInformation Systems Inside an Organization
22 Information Technology Services IT PersonnelIT Platform (or otherwise know as IT Components)HardwareSoftwareNetworksDatabasedevelop IS systemsoversee security and riskmanage data
23 Functional Area Systems A collection of application programs within an area is called Functional Area SystemsAccountingFinancePOM- Production/ Operations/ ManagementMarketingHuman Resources IS
24 Accounting Systems Forecast revenues and business activity Determine the best sources and uses of fundsPerform auditsFinancial reports and documents are accurate.
25 Marketing Product analysis: developing new goods and services Site analysis: determining the best location for production and distribution facilitiesPromotion analysis: identifying the best advertising channelsPrice analysis: setting product prices to obtain the highest total revenues
26 POM Customer orders Develop production schedules Control inventory levelsMonitor product quality
27 Human Resources Recruiting process Analyze and screen job applicants Hire new employeesMonitor employee productivityEmploy Health and Retirement benefits
28 Data- Information-Knowledge-Wisdom Business Intelligence -helps analyze information to make better informed decisionsExpert Systems – attempt to duplicate human experts by applying reasoning and expertise to a domain area (navigation routes)Dashboards- provide rapid access to timely information
29 Two Information Systems that support the entire organization Enterprise Resource Planning- connects all functional areas togetherTransaction Processing System- captures data from every where and everything( more about these in later chapter)
31 Information Systems between Organizations Once you figured out your information systems within the walls of your companyStreamline your business so you can purchase supplies and sell goodsStay competitive
32 Information Systems between Organizations Better known as supply chain management:Suppliers of raw materials through factories and warehouses to YOUFlow of:MaterialsInformationmoney
34 1.3 How does IT Impact Organizations? IT Reduces the Number of Middle ManagersIT makes middle managers more productive, thus less neededIT Changes the Manager’s Job (changes decision making process)IT provides near-real-time informationManagers have less time to make decisionsIT provides tools for analysis to assist in decision makingWill IT Eliminate Jobs?Creates new job categories, and requires more employees with IT knowledge and skills
35 Social Effects Positive Opportunities for people with disabilities Provide people with flexibility in their workRobots will take over mundane choresEnable improvement in healthcareMake better/faster diagnosesMonitor critically ill patients more accuratelyStreamline the process of researching & developing new drugs
36 Ergonomic Products Wrist support Back support Eye-protection filter Adjustable foot restSource: Media Bakery