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CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Information Systems. CHAPTER OUTLINE 1.1 Why Should I Study Information Systems? 1.2 Overview of Computer-Based Information.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Information Systems. CHAPTER OUTLINE 1.1 Why Should I Study Information Systems? 1.2 Overview of Computer-Based Information."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Information Systems

2 CHAPTER OUTLINE 1.1 Why Should I Study Information Systems? 1.2 Overview of Computer-Based Information Systems 1.3 How Does IT Impact Organizations? 1.4 Importance of Information Systems to Society

3 LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. Begin the process of becoming an informed user of your organizations information systems. 2. Define the terms data, information, and knowledge, and give examples of each. 3. Define the terms information technology, information system, computer-based information system, and application.

4 LEARNING OBJECTIVES (continued) 4. Identify three ways in which you depend on information technology in your daily life. 5. Discuss three ways in which information technology can impact managers and three ways in which it can impact non- managerial managers. 6. List three positive and three negative societal effects of the increased use of information technology.

5 Chapter Opening Case Robert F. Balazik/Shutterstock

6 E-Mealz © Alex/iStockphoto

7 1.1 Why Should I Study Information Systems? Yuri Acurs/Shutterstock

8 The Informed User – You! Homo Conexus You are the most connected generation in history. You practice continuous computing. You are surrounded by a personal, movable information network. © Voon Nam Fook/iStockphoto

9 Build Your Own Multinational Company http://www.domystuff.com/www.domystuff.com http://www.globetask.com/www.globetask.com http://www.guru.com/www.guru.com http://www.vworker.com/www.vworker.com http://www.webgrity.com/www.webgrity.com http://www.b2kcorp.com/ https://www.elance.com/ © Alex Gumerov/iStockphoto These examples were created in 2011. How many links are still original?

10 Digital Nomads Source: Media Bakery They may have location independence but do they have time zone independence?

11 IT Offers Career Opportunities www.simplyhired.com www.simplyhired.com September 4, 2011

12 Top Jobs in America Money Magazine 2010

13 Managing Information Resources Traditional Functions of MIS Department Consultative Functions of MIS Department Example: manage data center Example: create business alliances © stockbrokerxtra/Age Fotostock America, Inc. Source: Howard Kingsnorth/The Image Bank/Getty Images, Inc.

14 1.2 Overview of Computer-Based Information Systems © zu difeng/Shutterstock

15 Data Information Knowledge (Source: © janaka Dharmasena-Fotolia.com; Exactostock/SuperStock; uttamgurjar/Shutterstock)

16 Computer-Based Information Systems Hardware SoftwareDatabase Network Procedures People (Source: Nasonov/Shutterstock; Angela Waye/Shutterstock; alexmillos/Shutterstock; broukoid/ Shutterstock; Mike Flippo/Shutterstock

17 Capabilities of Information Systems Perform high-speed, high-volume numerical computations Provide fast, accurate communication and collaboration within and among organizations Store huge amounts of information in small space Allow quick, inexpensive access to vast amounts of information worldwide Interpret vast amounts of data quickly and efficiently Increase effectiveness and efficiency of people working in groups in one place or around the world Automate semiautomatic business process and manual tasks Table 1.3

18 Application Programs Angela Waye/Shutterstock

19 E-Discovery Software (ITs About Business 1.3) http://www.blackstonediscovery.com/ http://www.cataphora.com/ http://www.clearwellsystems.com/ http://www.autonomy.com/www.autonomy.com Source: maxstockphoto/Shutterstock

20 Types of Information Systems Information Systems Inside an Organization

21 Types of Information Systems Information Systems Among Organizations

22 Types of Information Systems Breadth of Support of Information Systems Functional area information systems Enterprise resource planning systems Transaction processing systems Interorganizational information systems

23 Types of Information Systems (continued) Support for Organizational Employees Office automation systems Business intelligence systems Expert systems Dashboards

24 1.3 How Does IT Impact Organizations? IT reduces the number of middle managers. IT changes the managers job. Will IT eliminate jobs? IT impacts employees at work.

25 Ergonomic Products Source: Media Bakery

26 When ergonomics doesnt work When all else fails…….fails

27 Enabling People with Disabilities to Work with Computers Computer solutions available to Visually-impaired users Hearing-impaired users Motor-impaired users © Harry Huber/Age Fotostock America, Inc.

28 1.4 Importance of Information Systems to Society IT Affects Our Quality of Life Robot Revolution on the Way Improvements in Healthcare

29 The Robot Revolution See video of ASIMO in actionvideo See ASIMO commercialcommercial See video of ASIMO learningvideo See video of Big Dog robot in actionvideo © Stockbrokerxtra/Age Fotostock America, Inc. ASIMO videos have been removed from YouTube

30 The Robot revolution (continued) Industrial Robots See video of warehouse robots at workvideo Telepresence Robots See video of telepresence robot in actionvideo

31 Improvements in Health Care See video of the pill cam in actionvideo See video of daVinci Surgical Robotvideo See video of Laerdal Sim Man in actionvideo © Stockbrokerxtra/Age Fotostock America, Inc.

32 Chapter Closing Case The Problem The Solution The Results


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