Presentation on theme: "The Church as Institution"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Church as Institution The Living ChurchThe Church as Institution
2 LeadershipAs with any organization the Church needs clear and well defined leadershipChurch leadership is a visible and hierarchical structureProvided primarily through the clergyThrough Holy Orders, use Christ’s authorityGovern, teach and sanctify the ChurchMake Christ present to us through the SacramentsGiving service to the Body of ChristOrdained ministers of the churchPopeBishopsPriestsDeacons
3 The Church and the Hierarchy The Church consists of two interconnected groupsLaityAll members of the Church except ordained and consecrated personsHierarchyThe Apostles and their successorsPope, BishopsPriests and DeaconsNo one group is more important than another, all members are equal in dignity but called to different roles and ministries
4 Hierarchical Leadership Divine Authority and ServiceOnly Bishops confer the degrees of Holy OrdersInstituted by Jesus and makes Jesus present in the church through the SacramentsEstablished bishops as successors to the apostles and the Pope the successor of PeterGiven Christ’s own authority to govern, teach and provide pastoral care for the Body of ChristNot to be expressed in a domineering fashion, given power to serve others not “Lord over” themPope; the Bishop who has supreme authority over the whole ChurchBishops; whose authority comes from union with the PopePriests; co-workers with the BishopsDeacons; lowest level of the hierarchy
5 Organizational Structure Holy SeeThe seat of the central administration of the Church under the leadership of the Pope, Bishop of Rome. An overwhelming position if not for the guidance of the Holy SpiritDioceseA certain geographical area governed by a bishop. These diocese form the universal Church. (A very large diocese may be called an archdiocese and its leader an archbishop)ParishA small community within a diocese. The bishop appoints one or more priests to service the parish.FamilyFirst teacher of the faith and the “community” where it is first practiced; called the domestic church
6 The Pope Successor of St. Peter. (Petrine Succession) Jesus gave Peter the “Keys of power”, the authority to governThe Bishop of RomeRome had been established as the spiritual center of the ChurchAlmost all Popes since Peter have lived in RomeHead of the College of BishopsAll bishops are united with each other with the pope as their headHas the authority to appoint bishops throughout the worldVicar of ChristHe acts for Christ as his human representative on earthThe visible sign of Christ’s presence on earthGuarantee of the unity of the churchSeen as a model of guidance and inspiration
7 Bishops (Episcopacy)Task of teaching, sanctifying and governing the ChurchSets guidelines and proceduresHelps the people reach their goal of salvationSpecial concern for social justice issues12 Apostles= a group or “college” with Peter as the headEntrusted with passing down apostolic traditionArchbishop presides over meetings in his provinceCollegial relationshipCardinal serves as a member of the body that elects the PopeBishop sanctifies by celebrating the sacraments some of which are particular to this ministryConfirmationHoly Orders
8 Priesthood (Presbytery) Bishops share their authority with the priests, gives priests authority over a specific parish.Represents Christ to the community, serving in the name and in the person of Jesus within the communitySacramental ministerOversee religious education in the parishVisit the sickOversee parish workActs as Christ’s representative in the Eucharist
9 DiaconatePrimary role of the deacon is to be of service to the Church and to the worldServe in the ministry of the WordChurch worshipPastoral governanceActs of charityResponsible to the bishopHistory of the DiaconateApostles selected seven men to assist themLife of serviceBaptismMatrimonyLife of holinessOver the centuries there has been a change in the ministryStep to the priesthoodPermanent deacon
10 Hierarchy Papacy Pope Holy See Bishop Diocese Episcopacy PresbyteryDiaconatePopeBishopPriest (Deacon)Head of HouseHoly SeeDioceseParishDomestic Church
11 Review Questions (pg 167)What does it mean to say that the Church is hierarchical? Why is it necessary for the Church to be hierarchical?In what way are the Holy See, the diocese, the parish, and the family related in the hierarchy?In what way is the Pope the visible sign of the Church’s unity?In what way is the Pope the successor to Peter?In what specific ways does a bishop sanctify the Church?What are some examples of the collegial nature of the bishops?Describe the relationship between a bishop and a priest.Describe the responsibilities of a priest.Explain what a deacon is and describe three of his primary areas of service.
12 What does it mean to say that the Church is hierarchical What does it mean to say that the Church is hierarchical? Why is it necessary for the Church to be hierarchical?The Church is hierarchical because her leaders and institutions are organized in a specific order instituted by Christ himself. This structure does not mean that anyone is more important than another. But the Church, like any group, needs organized leadership to avoid chaos. In particular, the Church’s leadership, as instituted by Christ, is necessary to make him present through the Sacraments.In what way are the Holy See, the diocese, the parish, and the family related in the hierarchy?The Holy See is the central administration of the entire Catholic Church, under the leadership of the Pope, the Bishop of Rome. The Holy See is the foremost diocese, or seat of a bishop. The universal Church is a communion of dioceses, which cover certain geographic areas and are governed by bishops. Parishes are distinct communities within a diocese, cared for by priests appointed by the diocesan bishop. Finally, the family is the domestic church, the most basic level of the Church.
13 In what way is the Pope the visible sign of the Church’s unity? The Pope is the visible sign of the Church’s unity as the Vicar (or agent) of Christ, the visible and juridical head of the Church and visible sign of Christ’s presence on earth. He guarantees the Church’s unity in its beliefs, Sacraments, and authority derived from Peter and the Apostles. Christ has given him full, supreme, and universal power over the entire Church.In what way is the Pope the successor to Peter?Just as the bishops are the successors of the Apostles, the Pope is the successor to Peter, the leader of the Apostles, to whom Christ gave the authority to govern the Church. Each Pope passes down this authority to the next.In what specific ways does a bishop sanctify the Church?As Christ’s representative in his diocese, a bishop sanctifies the Church by overseeing the administration of the Sacraments, especially the Eucharist, in the diocese. The bishop grants the authority to celebrate the Sacraments to each priest in his diocese. He is also the ordinary celebrant of Confirmation in the diocese and is the only person who can ordain priests and deacons, ensuring that the Sacrament of Holy Orders continues the ministry of the Apostles.
14 What are some examples of the collegial nature of the bishops? The bishops have a collegial relationship with one another, meaning that they equally share the responsibility and authority to make decisions affecting the Church in a particular country, geographic region, and even the world (in union with the Pope). The collegial nature of their relationship is particularly evident in Ecumenical Councils, in which the bishops gather with the Pope to engage in careful, open discussion to settle significant questions for the entire Church. They also act collegially when they meet in synods or provincial councils or gather to consecrate a new bishop.Describe the relationship between a bishop and a priest.A priest’s authority comes from his bishop’s authority. The priest is a coworker with the bishop in service to a particular parish. The priests of a diocese work in union with the bishop and are responsible for the spiritual and temporal welfare of the entire diocese.
15 Describe the responsibilities of a priest. The priest represents Christ to the community through teaching, divine worship, and pastoral leadership. He has primary responsibility as a minister of the Sacraments. The parish priest also oversees religious education in the parish. He visits the sick and those in need of spiritual care, oversees parish staff, and makes sure the parish buildings are maintained. Finally, he has responsibility beyond his parish role, participating in the universal mission of the Apostles to share the Good News with the world, which he does in collegial relationship with other priests, in union with the bishop.Explain what a deacon is and describe three of his primary areas of service.A deacon is a man ordained for ministry and service to the Church and the world, serving in three primary areas.They serve the liturgy as ordinary ministers of the Sacrament of Baptism; they also can bless Marriages and assist with distribution of the Eucharist.They act in service of the Word by giving homilies, leading celebrations of the Liturgy of the Word, and filling other catechetical and teaching positions.They act in various ministries of charity, including pastoral ministry to families, administration of church finances, and coordination of social services.