2There are two types of essays on the Writing HSPE: ExpositoryPersuasive
3An expository essay asks you to explain. SAMPLE EXPOSITORY PROMPT:Most of us have a favorite time of year. What is your favorite time of year? Write a multi-paragraph essay for your teacher explaining what time of year is your favorite and why.
4A persuasive essay asks you to convince. SAMPLE PERSUASIVE PROMPT:Community officials have proposed that individuals under the age of 18 cannot be out after 9 pm unless they are with an adult. Take a position on this proposal. Write a multi-paragraph letter persuading community officials to support your position.
5When you encounter a prompt on the Writing HSPE, you should first check for TAPF: TOPICWhat are you writing about?AUDIENCEWho are you addressing?PURPOSEWhat is the point of writing?FORMHow will you write?
6Look for TAPF in this prompt: Most of us have a favorite time of year. What is your favorite time of year? Write a multi-paragraph essay for your teacher explaining what time of year is your favorite and why.What is the TOPIC?Who is the AUDIENCE?What is the PURPOSE?What is the FORM?
7Once you have identified the TAPF, the next step is to write an outline. An outline generally looks like this:ThesisReason 1Specific Detail(s)Reason 2Reason 3
8Copy this format leaving 5 line spaces between each: Thesis:Reason 1(Specific Detail/s)Reason 2Reason 3
9The thesis governs your entire essay as it’s what you’re arguing or explaining. Sample expository thesis: The class that is foremost in my memory is sixth grade P.E. with Mr. Fisher.Sample persuasive thesis: All students should be required to participate on one athletic team in order to graduate.A three part thesis?
10Three Part ThesisSample expository thesis: The class that is foremost in my memory is sixth grade P.E. with Mr. Fisher because he was always positive, he took us on field trips and he inspired me to try out for a team sport.
11Three Part ThesisSample persuasive thesis: All students should be required to participate on one athletic team in order to graduate in order to foster life-long health, to hone team working skills and to promote connectedness to a community.
12Write a thesis for this prompt: Most of us have a favorite time of year. What is your favorite time of year? Write a multi-paragraph essay for your teacher explaining what time of year is your favorite and why.
13Your reasons support your thesis. They explain why your thesis matters. Sample expository reason: One reason Mr. Fisher’s class was memorable was that he had he took us on amazing field trips.Sample persuasive reason: One reason students should be required to participate on an athletic team is that many American teenagers are overweight.
14Let’s try it:Write one reason that supports your thesis.
15Details are specific examples Details are specific examples. They make your writing interesting and give support to your reasons and your thesis.Sample expository detail: For example, one day Mr. Fisher took us to a Mariner’s game in Seattle so we could get a feel for how P.E. was relevant to us.Sample persuasive detail: For example, my cousin Teresa’s doctor is concerned about Teresa’s obesity. She waived P.E. in her high school, and has never played on an athletic team.
16Write one detail that supports your reason (and your thesis).
17Complete your outline!Three reasons with supporting details listed.
18Once you have an organized outline, you can write your essay Once you have an organized outline, you can write your essay. The first paragraph of your essay is the introduction.There are many different types of introductions. Some are:
19Types of introductions: AnalogyMaking a comparison between your topic and something elseFor example: Parents are like aliens. There is no clear explanation for the way they dress, the way they speak, or the vehicles they cruise around in.
20Types of introductions: AnecdoteTelling a story that somehow ties in to your topicFor example: When my brother was three, he lost his front tooth in a freak tricycle accident. When I was six, I lost my front tooth the normal way. One day my sister blacked out everyone else’s teeth in the family picture, which made my mom laugh and my dad yell.
21Types of introductions: DefinitionDefining your topic, or a word that relates to itFor example:Fear: a feeling of disquiet or agitation based on a sense of danger.
22Types of introductions: Fact or statisticBringing in data or prior knowledge that relates to your topicFor example: Most tiger victims die swiftly, their necks broken by the jaws of their predator.
23Types of introductions: Question (the weakest)Asking rhetorically about your topicFor example: Has it ever occurred to legislators that teachers are underpaid?
24Now Try It!Using one of the strategies you just learned, write an introduction paragraph for your favorite season essay.
25The next (& most important) part of your essay is the body. Each body paragraph should contain:1 reason that supports your thesis (topic sentence).1-3 specific details that support your reasonExplanation of how the details support your reason.
26The final component of your essay is the conclusion. A good conclusion should:Stress the importance of your thesisGive the essay a sense of completenessLeave a final impression on the reader
27Conclusion suggestions: Include a brief summary of the paper’s main pointsAsk a provocative questionUse a quotationEvoke a vivid imageCall for some sort of actionEnd with a warningUniversalize (compare to other situations)Suggest results or consequences• Refer back to the intro (with key words or parallel images or concepts)
28When you have completed your essay, take time to proofread! Check for spelling and punctuation.Be sure that you have used transitions to segue into new reasons or details.(In addition, first, lastly, subsequently, also, etc.)Check for sentence variety.Watch out for fragments or run-ons.
29Once you have written your essay, go back to the checklists to see if you have covered everything. Did you miss anything?
30Write an outline for the following prompt: Community officials have proposed that individuals under the age of 18 cannot be out after 9 pm unless they are with an adult. Take a position on this proposal. Write a multi-paragraph letter persuading community officials to support your position.
31Essay scoring is based on two factors: COS(Content, Organization, Style)CON(Conventions)
32Your COS score is based on a 4-point scale. These are the skills your COS score measures:Focus on the topicSupporting detailsTransitionsStrong word choiceSentence varietyVoice
33Your CON score is based on a 2-point scale. These are the skills your CON score measures:UsageSpellingCapitalizationPunctuationComplete sentencesParagraphs
34Your total Writing HSPE score should equal 17/24 or better to pass. One expository essay (6 points) graded twice = 12 pointsOne persuasive essay (6 points) graded twice = 12 points
35HSPE Writing Tips:DETAILS, DETAILS, DETAILS! Scorers want to see specific examples to support your ideas.Take your time. The HSPE is not a timed test, so there is no need to rush through anything (even if your classmates do).You will be provided dictionaries and thesauri to use on the test. Use them to bolster word choice and check spelling.