Presentation on theme: "Separable and inseparable phrasal verbs"— Presentation transcript:
1Separable and inseparable phrasal verbs Q-Skills 3 Listening and speaking: unit 8
2ReferencesScrivener, J., (2010)Teaching English Grammar: what to teach and how to teach it, Macmillan Books for Teachers, OxfordSwan, M., ( 2005) Practical English Usage, Oxford University Press, New YorkFuchs, M., bonner, M., &Westheimer, M., (2006) Focus on Grammar: An Integrated Approach, Pearson Longman new York
3‘I’m a morning person’ !The alarm goes off at 4:45am. I wake up, lean over and turn off the alarm. I get up quickly and go downstairs. I put on the coffee. I go back upstairs and have a shower. I put on my clothes and pray. When I come down stairs again I have my first cup of coffee. Mmmmm! Then I have some toast and a second cup of coffee. I wash my cup and tidy up the kitchen. I take my bag and set off to work. It is 6:30am. I lock up the house before I go. Sometimes I run to catch the bus. I get on the bus and travel for about half an hour. Then I get off the bus. I go into work and say “GOOD MORNING!” to my first class.
5Phrasal verbs/ multi-word verbs Verb + one or more words = new meaningpv = verb + particle ( preposition, adverb or both )Phrasal verbs are informal used in idiomsMore common in everyday spoken languageEx. Ahmed cut down on smoking.Cut down ( in this context) = to do less of something.Badriyah ran up the bill.ran up =to increase something = negative meaningExplain that we have to be careful not to confuse phrasal verbs with prepositional phrases.
6This slide I will not present to students for your information. You have to be very careful not to confuse phrasal verbs with prepositionalphrases.In a phrasal verb the preposition goes with the verbIn a prepositional phrase the preposition goes with the noun phrase.phrasal verb = Badriya ran up the billprepositional phrase =Badriyah ran up the hillPhrasal verbs tend to be idiomatic= gives a different meaning.
7Types of phrasal verbs Transitive phrasal verbs Intransitive phrasal verbsTransitive means a verb is used with an object.Most phrasal verbs are transitiveThis means that the object can comeafter the verbMary turned on the radio.turn on = make something work usually electrical.The teacher passed out the homework.passed out= to give, to distributeIntransitive the verb does not have an objectSome pv are intransitiveNasser’s car broke down.broke down = stopped workingI woke up at 4.45am.woke up = to awaken
9Transitive phrasal verbs Most phrasal verbs are transitive .Transitive phrasal verbsMost phrasal verbs are transitiveTransitive means a verb is used with an object.Mary turned on the radio.turn on = make something work usually electrical.The teacher passed out the homework.passed out= to give, to distribute
10Intransitive phrasal verbs Intransitive the verb has no direct objectNasser’s car broke down.broke down = stopped workingI woke up at 4.45am.woke up = to awaken
11I turned off the alarm clock I turned the alarm clock offI turned off it the alarm clockI turned it off.e) I turned off it.Correct Answers a b dWhen phrasal verbs are transitive they can usually be separated.It usually makes a better sentenceWhen using a pronoun it is the only possible way
12Separable phrasal verbs When phrasal verbs are transitive they can usually be separated.It usually makes a better sentenceWhen using a pronoun it is the only possible way