Presentation on theme: "Phrasal verbs Separable and inseparable phrasal verbs Q-Skills 3 Listening and speaking: unit 8."— Presentation transcript:
Phrasal verbs Separable and inseparable phrasal verbs Q-Skills 3 Listening and speaking: unit 8
References Scrivener, J., (2010)Teaching English Grammar: what to teach and how to teach it, Macmillan Books for Teachers, Oxford Swan, M., ( 2005) Practical English Usage, Oxford University Press, New York Fuchs, M., bonner, M., &Westheimer, M., (2006) Focus on Grammar: An Integrated Approach, Pearson Longman new York
‘I’m a morning person’ ! The alarm goes off at 4:45am. I wake up, lean over and turn off the alarm. I get up quickly and go downstairs. I put on the coffee. I go back upstairs and have a shower. I put on my clothes and pray. When I come down stairs again I have my first cup of coffee. Mmmmm! Then I have some toast and a second cup of coffee. I wash my cup and tidy up the kitchen. I take my bag and set off to work. It is 6:30am. I lock up the house before I go. Sometimes I run to catch the bus. I get on the bus and travel for about half an hour. Then I get off the bus. I go into work and say “GOOD MORNING!” to my first class.
What do we call the verbs highlighted in red?
Phrasal verbs/ multi-word verbs Verb + one or more words = new meaning pv = verb + particle ( preposition, adverb or both ) Phrasal verbs are informal used in idioms More common in everyday spoken language Ex. Ahmed cut down on smoking. Cut down ( in this context) = to do less of something. Badriyah ran up the bill. ran up =to increase something = negative meaning
This slide I will not present to students for your information. You have to be very careful not to confuse phrasal verbs with prepositional phrases. In a phrasal verb the preposition goes with the verb In a prepositional phrase the preposition goes with the noun phrase. phrasal verb = Badriya ran up the bill prepositional phrase =Badriyah ran up the hill Phrasal verbs tend to be idiomatic= gives a different meaning.
Types of phrasal verbs Transitive phrasal verbs Transitive means a verb is used with an object. Most phrasal verbs are transitive This means that the object can come after the verb Mary turned on the radio. turn on = make something work usually electrical. The teacher passed out the homework. passed out= to give, to distribute Intransitive phrasal verbs Intransitive the verb does not have an object Some pv are intransitive Nasser’s car broke down. broke down = stopped working I woke up at 4.45am. woke up = to awaken
Mary ran up a bill. Nasser’s car broke down.
. Transitive phrasal verbs Most phrasal verbs are transitive Transitive means a verb is used with an object. Mary turned on the radio. turn on = make something work usually electrical. The teacher passed out the homework. passed out= to give, to distribute
Intransitive phrasal verbs Intransitive the verb has no direct object Nasser’s car broke down. broke down = stopped working I woke up at 4.45am. woke up = to awaken
a)I turned off the alarm clock b)I turned the alarm clock off c)I turned off it the alarm clock d)I turned it off. e) I turned off it. Correct Answers a b d When phrasal verbs are transitive they can usually be separated. It usually makes a better sentence When using a pronoun it is the only possible way
Separable phrasal verbs When phrasal verbs are transitive they can usually be separated. It usually makes a better sentence When using a pronoun it is the only possible way
Aliswitchedonthe radio Aliswitchedthe radio on Aliswitchediton Aliswitchedonit Iputonmy clothes Iputmy clothes on Iputthemon Iputonthem
How multi-verbs are taught ParticleMain verbUsage (travel) break offgo outpicked up turn offgo againstbroke down set offgo aheadcheck in put offgo backtook off cut offgo overget off take offgo withoutslow down wear offgo outheld up This is more for the teachers information