Presentation on theme: "Separable and inseparable phrasal verbs"— Presentation transcript:
1 Separable and inseparable phrasal verbs Q-Skills 3 Listening and speaking: unit 8
2 ReferencesScrivener, J., (2010)Teaching English Grammar: what to teach and how to teach it, Macmillan Books for Teachers, OxfordSwan, M., ( 2005) Practical English Usage, Oxford University Press, New YorkFuchs, M., bonner, M., &Westheimer, M., (2006) Focus on Grammar: An Integrated Approach, Pearson Longman new York
3 ‘I’m a morning person’ !The alarm goes off at 4:45am. I wake up, lean over and turn off the alarm. I get up quickly and go downstairs. I put on the coffee. I go back upstairs and have a shower. I put on my clothes and pray. When I come down stairs again I have my first cup of coffee. Mmmmm! Then I have some toast and a second cup of coffee. I wash my cup and tidy up the kitchen. I take my bag and set off to work. It is 6:30am. I lock up the house before I go. Sometimes I run to catch the bus. I get on the bus and travel for about half an hour. Then I get off the bus. I go into work and say “GOOD MORNING!” to my first class.
5 Phrasal verbs/ multi-word verbs Verb + one or more words = new meaningpv = verb + particle ( preposition, adverb or both )Phrasal verbs are informal used in idiomsMore common in everyday spoken languageEx. Ahmed cut down on smoking.Cut down ( in this context) = to do less of something.Badriyah ran up the bill.ran up =to increase something = negative meaningExplain that we have to be careful not to confuse phrasal verbs with prepositional phrases.
6 This slide I will not present to students for your information. You have to be very careful not to confuse phrasal verbs with prepositionalphrases.In a phrasal verb the preposition goes with the verbIn a prepositional phrase the preposition goes with the noun phrase.phrasal verb = Badriya ran up the billprepositional phrase =Badriyah ran up the hillPhrasal verbs tend to be idiomatic= gives a different meaning.
7 Types of phrasal verbs Transitive phrasal verbs Intransitive phrasal verbsTransitive means a verb is used with an object.Most phrasal verbs are transitiveThis means that the object can comeafter the verbMary turned on the radio.turn on = make something work usually electrical.The teacher passed out the homework.passed out= to give, to distributeIntransitive the verb does not have an objectSome pv are intransitiveNasser’s car broke down.broke down = stopped workingI woke up at 4.45am.woke up = to awaken
9 Transitive phrasal verbs Most phrasal verbs are transitive .Transitive phrasal verbsMost phrasal verbs are transitiveTransitive means a verb is used with an object.Mary turned on the radio.turn on = make something work usually electrical.The teacher passed out the homework.passed out= to give, to distribute
10 Intransitive phrasal verbs Intransitive the verb has no direct objectNasser’s car broke down.broke down = stopped workingI woke up at 4.45am.woke up = to awaken
11 I turned off the alarm clock I turned the alarm clock offI turned off it the alarm clockI turned it off.e) I turned off it.Correct Answers a b dWhen phrasal verbs are transitive they can usually be separated.It usually makes a better sentenceWhen using a pronoun it is the only possible way
12 Separable phrasal verbs When phrasal verbs are transitive they can usually be separated.It usually makes a better sentenceWhen using a pronoun it is the only possible way
14 How multi-verbs are taught ParticleMain verbUsage (travel)break offgo outpicked upturn offgo againstbroke downset offgo aheadcheck input offgo backtook offcut offgo overget offtake offgo withoutslow downwear offheld upThis is more for the teachers information