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I. The Qur’an’s Dependence Upon the Bible. The Qur’an Teaches... “Say ye:‘We believe in God, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Isma'il,

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Presentation on theme: "I. The Qur’an’s Dependence Upon the Bible. The Qur’an Teaches... “Say ye:‘We believe in God, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Isma'il,"— Presentation transcript:

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3 I. The Qur’an’s Dependence Upon the Bible.

4 The Qur’an Teaches... “Say ye:‘We believe in God, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) Prophets from the Lord:we make no difference between one and another of them: and we bow to God (in Islam)’” (Sura 2.136).

5 It Claims It Was Sent By God... “...Confirming what went before it; and He sent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) before this, as a guide to mankind, and He sent down the Criterion (of judgment between right and wrong)” (Sura 3.3).

6 Inescapable Conclusions 1. If the Bible is from God, then its claims must be accepted or one rejects what God has revealed. 2. If the Bible is from God, and it conflicts with another text which claims to be from God, then either the Bible has been corrupted, or the text which claims to confirm it is corrupt, manmade and invalid. 3. If the Bible is corrupt, and another text claims to confirm it, the validity of the dependent text must itself be brought into question.

7 I. The Qur’an’s Dependence Upon the Bible.. The Qur’an vs. Modern Islamic Apologists.

8 The Qur’an… 1. Accepts the Jewish and Christian Scriptures as they existed at the time of Muhammad; 2. Claims to confirm Jewish and Christian Scriptures which came before it; and yet, 3. Rejects and denies certain clear teachings of the Bible.

9 Modern Islamic Apologists… 1. Reject Jewish and Christian Scriptures as they exist now and during the time of Muhammad as corrupt and unreliable; 2. Claim that the Qur’an confirms lost originals of the Jewish and Christian Scriptures no longer in existence, and thus, 3. Accept the teachings of the Qur’an and reject the teachings of the Bible where they differ with one another.

10 I. The Qur’an’s Dependence Upon the Bible.. The Qur’an vs. Modern Islamic Apologists. Muslim Apologists Teach That the Bible is Corrupt.

11 “Are the Jewish and Christian scriptures without foundation? Can they be said to accurately reflect or preserve a message from the Supreme being to mortal man? When one reads the Bible today, what is really being read, God’s word or men’s fables? Muslims believe in divine revelation, we believe in the Law which was given to Moses and in the Gospel which was given to Jesus, but can we find either the Law or the Gospel in today’s Bible? I say we can find some of the Law; and yes we can find some of the truth in the Bible” (p. 25). Dr. Salah El Dareer President of the Islamic Center of Birmingham

12 Commenting on the Arabic word Injil, translated “Gospel” in the Qur’an, wrote that it “…is not the New Testament. It is not the four Gospels now received as canonical. It is the single Gospel, which Islam teaches, was revealed to Jesus, and which he taught. Fragments of it survive in the received canonical Gospels and in some others, of which traces survive (e.g. the Gospel of Childhood or the Nativity, the Gospel of St. Barnabas, etc.)” (p. 287). Abdullah Yusuf Ali Muslim Student’s Association of the US & Canada

13 I. The Qur’an’s Dependence Upon the Bible.. The Qur’an vs. Modern Islamic Apologists. Muslim Apologists Teach That the Bible is Corrupt. The Qur’an Teaches the Validity of the Bible.

14 sadaqa “To speak the truth, to prove to be true; to approve, confirm, ratify” (Madina, Maan Z. Arabic-English Dictionary. p. 370), “To deem credible, accept; sanction, certify, confirm, substantiate” (Cowans, J. Milton. ed. Hans Wehr Arabic-English Dictionary. p. 594) “To believe, to trust; to endorse” (Qafisheh, Hamdi A. NTC’s Gulf Arabic-English Dictionary. p. 378).

15 II. Contradictions Between the Bible and the Qur’an.. Differences in Point of Fact.

16 Differences in Point of Fact Noah. 1.

17 Differences in Point of Fact Noah. One of Noah’s Sons died in the flood - He is said to have “separated himself (from the rest)” (Sura 11.42b). 1.

18 Differences in Point of Fact Noah. One of Noah’s Sons died in the flood - He is said to have “separated himself (from the rest)” (Sura 11.42b). Noah warns him, “O my son! Embark with us, and be not with the unbelievers!” (Sura 11.42c). 1.

19 Differences in Point of Fact Noah. One of Noah’s Sons died in the flood - He is said to have “separated himself (from the rest)” (Sura 11.42b). Noah warns him, “O my son! Embark with us, and be not with the unbelievers!” (Sura 11.42c). The son refuses, and goes up on “some mountain” (Sura 11.43a). As Noah pleads,“the waves came between them, and the son was among those overwhelmed in the Flood” (Sura 11.43c). 1.

20 Differences in Point of Fact Abraham. 2.

21 Differences in Point of Fact Abraham. Abraham tells Isaac he will offer him as a sacrifice - “O my son! I see in a vision that I offer thee in sacrifice” (Sura ). 2.

22 Differences in Point of Fact Jacob. 3.

23 Differences in Point of Fact Jacob. Understands Joseph’s Dream - “You shall be chosen by your Lord. He will teach you to interpret visions and will perfect His favor to you and to the house of Jacob...” (Sura 12.6, Dawood). 3.

24 Differences in Point of Fact Jacob. Understands Joseph’s Dream - “You shall be chosen by your Lord. He will teach you to interpret visions and will perfect His favor to you and to the house of Jacob...” (Sura 12.6, Dawood). Knows Joseph is Alive - “Nay, but your minds have made up a tale (that may pass) with you!” (Sura 12.18). 3.

25 Differences in Point of Fact Joseph. 4.

26 Differences in Point of Fact Joseph. Potiphar near the door - “So they both raced each other to the door, and she tore his shirt from the back:they both found her lord near the door...” (Sura 12.25). 4.

27 Differences in Point of Fact Joseph. Potiphar near the door - “So they both raced each other to the door, and she tore his shirt from the back:they both found her lord near the door...” (Sura 12.25). Potiphar doesn’t believe his wife - “…It is a snare of you woman!” (Sura ). 4.

28 Differences in Point of Fact Joseph. Potiphar near the door - “So they both raced each other to the door, and she tore his shirt from the back:they both found her lord near the door...” (Sura 12.25). Potiphar doesn’t believe his wife - “…It is a snare of you woman!” (Sura ). Cupbearer tells Pharaoh - (Sura ). 4.

29 Differences in Point of Fact Moses. 5.

30 Differences in Point of Fact Moses. Saved by Pharaoh’s wife - “The wife of Pharaoh said:(Here is) a joy of the eye, for me and for thee:slay him not...” (Sura 28.9). 5.

31 Differences in Point of Fact Moses. Saved by Pharaoh’s wife - “The wife of Pharaoh said:(Here is) a joy of the eye, for me and for thee:slay him not...” (Sura 28.9). Reuel had only two daughters - “And when he arrived at the watering (place) in Madyan, he found there a group of men watering (their flocks), and besides them he found two women who were keeping back (their flocks)...” (Sura 28.23). 5.

32 Differences in Point of Fact Moses. Saved by Pharaoh’s wife - “The wife of Pharaoh said:(Here is) a joy of the eye, for me and for thee:slay him not...” (Sura 28.9). Reuel had only two daughters - “And when he arrived at the watering (place) in Madyan, he found there a group of men watering (their flocks), and besides them he found two women who were keeping back (their flocks)...” (Sura 28.23). Ten Years until burning bush - (Sura ). 5.

33 Differences in Point of Fact Aaron. 6.

34 Differences in Point of Fact Aaron. Tried to discourage the people’s idolatry - “Aaron had already, before this said to them:‘O my people! Ye are being tested in this:for verily your Lord is (God) Most Gracious:so follow me and obey my command’” (Sura 20.9). 6.

35 Differences in Point of Fact Israelites. 7.

36 Differences in Point of Fact Israelites. Wanted a king to fight in the cause of God - “Appoint for us a King, that we may fight in the cause of God” (Sura 2.246). 7.

37 Differences in Point of Fact Zacharias. 8.

38 Differences in Point of Fact Zacharias. Unable to speak three days - “(Zakariya) said:‘O my Lord! Give me a Sign.’ ‘Thy sign,’ was the answer, ‘Shall be that thou shalt speak to no man for three nights, although thou art not dumb’” (Sura 19.10). 8.

39 Differences in Point of Fact Mary. 9.

40 Differences in Point of Fact Mary. Gave birth by a palm-tree in a remote place - “So she conceived him and she retired with him to a remote place. And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm-tree...” (Sura ). 9.

41 Differences in Point of Fact Jesus. 10.

42 Differences in Point of Fact Jesus. Not the Son of God - “...the Christians call Christ the Son of God. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they imitate what the Unbelievers of old used to say. God's curse be on them:how they are deluded away from the truth!” (Sura 9.30). 10.

43 Differences in Point of Fact Jesus. Not the Son of God - “...the Christians call Christ the Son of God. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they imitate what the Unbelievers of old used to say. God's curse be on them:how they are deluded away from the truth!” (Sura 9.30). Not Crucified - “...they said (in boast), ‘We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Apostle of God’; but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them...” (Sura 4.157). 10.

44 II. Contradictions Between the Bible and the Qur’an.. Differences in Point of Fact.. Differences in Doctrine.

45 Differences in Doctrine. Marriage, Divorce & Remarriage. “So if a husband divorces his wife (irrevocably), he cannot after that, re-marry her until after she has married another husband and he has divorced her...” (Sura 2.230).

46 II. Contradictions Between the Bible and the Qur’an.. Differences in Point of Fact.. Differences in Doctrine.. Claims About Jesus.

47 Claims About Jesus. Jesus Was Born of a Virgin. “She said, ‘How shall I have a son, seeing that no man has touched me, and I am not unchaste?’ He said:‘So (it will be):Thy Lord saith, That is easy for Me...’” (Sura 19:20,21).

48 Claims About Jesus. Jesus Was Given the Holy Spirit. “Then will God say: O Jesus the son of Mary! Recount my favour to thee and to thy mother. Behold! I strengthened thee with the holy spirit...” (Sura 5:113).

49 Claims About Jesus Jesus Did Miracles “...And I heal those born blind, and the lepers, and I quicken the dead, by God’s leave...” (Sura 3:49).

50 Claims About Jesus. Jesus Was Righteous. “And Zakariya and John and Jesus and Elias:all in the ranks of the righteous.” (Sura 6:85).

51 Claims About Jesus Jesus Was An Apostle of God. “And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: ‘O Children of Israel! I am the apostle of God (sent) to you confirming the Law (which came) before me...’” (Sura 61:6).

52 Claims About Jesus. Jesus Was A Prophet. “He said: ‘I am indeed a servant of God: He hath given me revelation and made me a prophet.’” (Sura 19:30).

53 Claims About Jesus Jesus Was the Word of God. “...Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) an apostle of God, and his Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a Spirit proceeding from Him...” (Sura 4:171).

54 Claims About Jesus. Jesus Was A Sign to Mankind. “..And (We wish) to appoint him as a Sign unto men and a Mercy from Us": It is a matter so decreed.” (Sura 19:21).

55 Claims About Jesus Jesus Was Brought the Gospel. “And in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming that had come before him: We sent him the Gospel: therein was guidance and light, and confirmation of the Law that had come before him:a guidance and an admonition to those who fear God.” (Sura 5:49).

56 Claims About Jesus Jesus Was the Christ (Messiah). “Behold! the angels said: O Mary! God giveth thee Glad tidings of a Word from Him: His name will be called Christ Jesus,the son of Mary, held in honour in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those Nearest to God.” (Sura 3:45).

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