Presentation on theme: "1 Migration and Development What is at stake? Tauhid Pasha Senior Specialist, Labour Migration and Human Development Division, Geneva."— Presentation transcript:
1 Migration and Development What is at stake? Tauhid Pasha Senior Specialist, Labour Migration and Human Development Division, Geneva
2 IOM and migration & development (M&D) “Making migration work for sustainable development for migrants, countries of origin and countries of destination”
3 M&D: what is at stake? Migration matters today more than ever before Migration is relevant to all three pillars of sustainable development Governments increasingly recognize that migration is both inevitable and necessary and that it can contribute to inclusive and sustainable social and economic development
4 Effects of migration on development Migration is relevant to the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development and to peace and security.
5 Migration dynamics 1 billion Migrants 7 billion Population 232 million International 740 million Internal Feminization: ca. 50%
6 International Migrants in Context * Sources: World Bank 237 million 193 million 232 million*IndonesiaBrazil International Migrants 4th 5th Population: Between 4 th and 5 th Largest Countries Economic Contribution: Size of Large GDPs USD 434 billion USD 379 billion USD 414 billion* Saudi Arabia Austria Annual Migrant Remittances 23 rd. 24 th. 28 th.
7 IV. Key findings: Comparing four pathways of migration Most international migrants move from the South to the North or between countries in the South 7
8 More than half of the top 20 migration corridors are accounted for by people migrating from South to South Top 20 migration corridors worldwide (migrant stock, in thousands), using the World Bank classification, 2010 Source: IOM calculations, based on UN DESA, 2012b. 8
9 Migration trends in EECA While migrant stocks in the region seem to have been stabilizing … … other types of human mobility emerge (e.g. student mobility) Source: UN DESA, 2013, graph generated by IOM RO Vienna Source: UNESCO, 2011 International migrant stock, Outbound mobile students, 2011
10 Remittances inflows in EECA, 2012 Considerable impact of remittances inflows on 5 EECA countries (above 10 % of GDP) Source: World Bank, Oct. 2013, graph generated by IOM RO Vienna
11 Post 2015 development agenda 2015 deadline for achievement of millennium development goals Safe orderly migration = development gains Forced or unplanned migration = negative repercussions for human development
12 Migration as an enabler of development
13 Improving development outcomes 1.Promoting the integration of migration within development processes at national/regional/global levels. 2.Protecting & promoting the human rights of all migrants – including undocumented, stranded, stateless or otherwise vulnerable migrants. 3.Supporting inter-State, multi-stakeholder consultation and cooperation on migration, especially by providing knowledge and expertise
14 Effective approaches 1.Mainstreaming migration into development processes. 2.Development at a local level. 3.Diaspora engagement 4.Ethical recruitment standards
15 HLD Round Table Recommendations: Assessing the effects of international migration on sustainable development and identifying relevant priorities in view of the preparations of the post-2015 development framework Include migration in the post-2015 UN Development Agenda as part of a new global partnership for development and/or as a cross-cutting “enabler” Mainstream migration into development and broader sectoral planning – especially labour market policy, health and human rights protection – at local, national and global levels and both in developing and developed countries. Embark on an inclusive process of mainstreaming migration into development and other policy sectors, with participation by all relevant ministries and government agencies, civil society, academia, and diaspora organizations; led by designated institutions or coordination bodies equipped with the necessary capacities. Raise the quality of research and data collection on migration and invest in more systematic evaluation and impact assessments of migration policies and migration and development initiatives, including through comparable indicators and data on migration, and on the nexus between migration and development.